In Uzbekistan the protection of maternity and childhood, creation of
conditions for full and harmonic development, educating children in the
spirit of common to all mankind’s principles have been elevated to a rank of
state policy. Even in very difficult times of the transition period, the
care about healthy and happy maternity and childhood was one of the priority
National program to support cadre, State program on reforming healthcare
system, National program on developing secondary education, Special program
on measures to raise medical culture of family, strengthening health of
women, birth and education of a healthy generation and other programs, that
are currently being implemented in Uzbekistan, don’t have any precedents in
other countries with a transition economy.
Over the years of Independence Uzbekistan has reached remarkable results
in decreasing maternal and infantile deaths, improving
sanitary-epidemiological situation and other spheres of the healthcare
Uzbekistan – is one of the few countries where all children have access
not only to the elementary but also to the secondary education that is
general, compulsory and free. In the republic almost maximum level of
literacy has been reached – 99,3%.
In researches of foreign institutes (Social Monitoring, UNICEF, 2003) and
international experts it is noted that attention and expenditures of the
state to healthcare system, school and technical education in Uzbekistan are
the most among the Central Asian countries. In addition, on a number of
indicators of well-being of mothers and children, Uzbekistan has exceeded
recommendations of International Forums.
Along with this in the republic still are to be resolved issues inherited
from the old system, social shortcomings of the transition to a market
economy have recreated new hardships that impede the pace of furthering the
aims of full ensuring children interests.
Among them are: relatively insufficient level of family’s income, the
necessity to improve the quality of secondary education, the growth of some
social diseases. There is need to pay attention to the absence of permanent
statistical data, which allows to monitor indicators of child labour,
problems in implementation of healthy life-style.
Several NGO’s involved in child care activities took part in preparation
of the National report – Child Fund, Republican Centre of the Child’s Social
Adaptation, International Nongovernmental Charitable Fund Soglom Avlod Uchun
(Healthy generation), Fund Sen Elgiz emassan (You are not alone), The public
movement of youth Kamolot, Fund Ecosan, Fund Makhallya, the Committee of
Women, The Centre of Public Opinion Study, Red Cross and Crescent Society
It is worth to mention that at the time of completion of this review,
during the solemn ceremony devoted to the 14 anniversary of the Constitution
of the Republic of Uzbekistan, coming year 2007 had been announced as a Year
of Social Protection. Under the special decree of the President, Republican
Commission on development and implementation of the related State program
has been set up.
The complex of issues related to the aim of improvement of well being of
families, mothers and children takes significant place among key spheres in
providing social protection of the people, identified by Concept of this
program. This once more confirms the fact that the protection of motherhood
and childhood is a key priority. The Government of Uzbekistan provides the
implementation of its international commitments in a coherent and purposive
Main measures on the improvement of children’s life and the
implementation of (The world fit for children) Plan of Actions
Immediately upon receiving the Declaration and The world fit for children
Plan of Actions, adopted in 2002 during a special session of the UN General
Assembly on children, Uzbekistan has conducted following activity:
- the documents were thoroughly studied on national and sub-national
levels including districts and mahallahs to work out concrete proposals on
ensuring the implementation of Declaration’s as well as the Plan Actions
- with the aim of fulfilling the country’s obligations, stipulated in
the Declaration, the strategy, priorities, national development plans have
been worked out. Within their framework appropriate action programs
(plans) on all government levels have been developed in the interest of
and for the sake of Uzbek children’s well-being.
These programs include measures on counteraction to the contemporary risks
for children such as being waif and social orphan, spreading out the drug
addiction, toxicomania, alcoholism, violence against children, increasing
the number of socially resulted diseases including tuberculosis and
- taking into account the country’s experience in the sphere, basic
provisions of the Millennium Declaration (2000) and the document The
world fit for children (2002), proposals of the state-owned and
non-governmental structures, public organizations and local communities (mahallahs
and other lower structures), acting system of ensuring the children’s
interests has been modernized, directions for all-out actions and
principal benchmarks of improving the people’s welfare and children’s
well-being have been established;
- a midterm document on the Strategy of improving the well-being of the
population of Uzbekistan in 2007-2010 includes subsection entitled
Children’s well-being. It sets forth the state policy priority
directions in this sphere.
Accent, efforts and resources of state structures, nongovernmental, public
organizations are aimed at implementing and further developing the
accepted social programs, developing and carrying out new special programs
of ensuring interests and development of children on national, regional
and local levels by support of international financial and economic
Basic differences and features of action programs at all levels and their
ideological base became of position, directions and specials goals stated
in the recommendations of Committees of the United Nations on the rights
of the child and elimination of discrimination against women; Millennium
Declarations; the document The world fit for children; the program of
cooperation Uzbekistan-UNICEF and a number of other documents;
- together with the Representation office of the UNICEF in Uzbekistan it
has been developed and are being realized a system of monitoring the
achievement of the purposes of children’s well-being, which provides
regular (on 33 – especially developed indicators) the system analysis on
local, regional and national levels of implemented measures on ensuring
interests of children, revealing available problems, developing and
systematic implementing special actions, discussion of achievements and
distribution of positive experience of mahallahs, districts and regions.
The implementation of the documents The world fit for children, and (ЦРТ),
Country Program of Cooperation that was implemented in 2000-2004 and still
being carried out from 2005 to 2009 between the Government of the Republic
of Uzbekistan and UNICEF plays an essential organizational-methodological
role and make significant contribution to ensuring Uzbekistan children’s
It is necessary to mention that main specificity of all programs adopted by
the Government and measures on improvement of well-being of children is
their precise orientation on reception of high results on achievement of the
Purposes of Development of the Millennium, adapted to conditions of
Uzbekistan and realization of the Document, The world fit for children,
amplification of interaction of various structures in these processes,
development of the local initiative and participation of the primary
As an example of a complex of the state and programs and the decisions
adopted by the Government of Uzbekistan it is noteworthy to highlight the
- On additional measures for strengthening health of women and rising
generations dated February, 25th, 2002;
- On measures on the implementation of priority directions of raising
the level of medical culture in family, strengthening health of women,
births and education of a healthy generation dated July, 5th, 2002;
- On introduction of the Regulation on of antenuptial medical
examination of marrying persons dated August, 25th, 2003;
- On the implementation of the project with participation of the Asian
Bank of Development Strengthening health of women and children dated
November, 2nd, 2004.
The decision of the President of Republic Uzbekistan dated August, 11th,
2005 №153 On measures on the implementation of the National Program of
fortification of a flour;
The decision of the Cabinet of Republic Uzbekistan dated July, 9th, 2004 321
On national program of reforming school education for 2004-2009 and
Uzbekistan twice submitted to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of
the Child National Report on implementation of the Convention on the Rights
of the Child (in 2002 and 2006). The Government of Uzbekistan has developed
the National Plan of Actions after receiving the Recommendations from the
above mentioned Committee and realized it during 2002-2006. These days a
National Program on ensuring of well-Being of children has been completed
with taking account the Recommendations of the Committee after reviewing the
Country’s Second Report, submitted in 2006.
During realization of the above said documents the work aimed on improving
the health of fertile age women, widening an interval between childbirths,
prevention of early and closely related marriages, undesirable pregnancy,
improvement of professional skill of the medical staff, strengthening of
material base of obstetrical and children's institutions, increase of
knowledge of the population in the matters of reproductive health is carried
In all regions of the country the establishments, responsible for the
initial medico-sanitary assistance, have arranged the medical surveys of the
fertile age women and supplied women with contraceptives, in order to
prevent undesirable pregnancy and widen an interval between childbirth.
The complex of measures for the Program “Mother’s and Child’s Screening”,
directed to prevent the childbirth with the hereditary diseases,
accompanying with intellectual backwardness as well as inspection of
pregnant women is carried out in the Republic with the purpose of revealing
anomalies of development of a child-bearing. The infrastructure and the
system of the population screening completed by the modern medical
diagnostic equipments and highly skilled staff have been created. 12
screening centers are functioning in the regions of the Republic.
Within the framework of the State Programs the cooperation is continuing
with the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, USAID, JICA, KfW Bank, World Bank, Asian
Development Bank on realization of such programs in the field of protection
of motherhood and the childhood as: Maintenance of Safe Pregnancy, Increase of Efficiency of the Prenatal Care, The Expanded Programme of
Immunization, Healthy Family, Encouragement and Propagation of Chest
Feeding, The Integrated Conducting the Illnesses of Children's Age, Improvement of Reproductive Health, Preventive Maintenance Iron and
Iodine Critical Conditions and others.
Since 2003 UNICEF and JICA Joint Program on preventive measures of an anemia
among mothers and children is being carried out. Within the framework of the
Program 2.2 million children up to 5 years old receive two times annually
the capsules of the Vitamin A. 32 maternity complexes and 19 rural medical
aid posts of the Republic have received UNICEF Certificate Establishment of
the Friendly Relation to the Child.
The National Program on Fortification of Flour, financed by the Global
Alliance on improvement of nutrition, on a total sum of $2.8 million has
been started since 2005 with the aim of realization of preventive measures
on iron critical anemias among children and fertile age women.
According to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Education" and the
National Program on professional education, the State Policy on Education is
realizing in the following forms: preschool education; the general secondary
education; secondary special, vocational education; higher education; post
high school education; upgrading the level of skills and retraining of
personnel, out-of-school education.
Pre-school education aimed at formation of healthy and full-fledged
individuality of a child, who is ready for study at school. It will be
carried out up to six - seven years in the family, kindergarten and other
There are 6565 preschool establishments are functioning in the Republic,
where the 571.1 thousand children or 22 % from number of children in such
age group studying. More than 59 thousand paedagogical workers are occupied
with their training and education.
Reforms of school provide two steps of the general secondary education: an
elementary education (I-IV classes) and general secondary education (I-IX
The elementary education is aimed on formation of the bases of literacy,
knowledge and the skills, necessary for the general secondary education. The
children go to the first class from six - seven years old.
9773 general education schools with a contingent of 5.7 million pupils are
functioning in the Republic, 170 of which are the elementary schools, 3817 -
nineyears, 5700 - the secondary education schools, 86 – specialized schools
and boarding schools for children with physical and intellectual backward
In the Republic equal opportunities are given to girls in the field of
education. Training in general education schools and other educational
establishments is not parted to sexual attributes - girls and boys are
Children-orphans, children and teenagers who have lost care of parents are
brought up in children's homes organized for them and comprehensive schools,
boarding schools and contain on full state care. For children and teenagers
requiring for long treatment general educational health improving sanatorium
boarding schools have been organized.
For children and teenagers having lacks of physical or intellectual
development, interfering training at usual school, special comprehensive
schools and boarding schools are created.
28 houses "Mehribonlik" (Children's homes) for children-orphans and children
who have stayed without care of parents have been organized in the Republic.
3037 children are brought up in such establishments.
In comparison with the last year the number of the children in Children's
homes is being decreased. A priority of the State Policy in the given
direction is de-institutization, encouragement of the measures on an
establishment of trusteeship and guardianship by relatives and the persons
replacing parents. In accordance with the Decree of the Government (2003)
the foundation for financial support of the families which have taken care
of children in families from establishments has been established.
Mahalla committees (local governing body) on places carrying out the
activity on returning children to their biological families, in particular -
on social - psychological rehabilitation and public influence on parents of
children who have stayed in children's homes.
One of the important factors, aimed on improvement of quality of
education, is the State National Program of Development of School Education
(2004-2009) that envisages a big set of measures on:
- Strengthening and development of the infrastructure of general
- Provision of the schools by modern educational and laboratory
equipments, computers, books and teaching materials;
- Improvement of methodic of teaching and learning programs;
- Improvement of professional skill of teachers, development of the
system of their effective training and retraining; increasing a level of
motivation of teachers.
A number of the organizational and practical measures, aimed at increasing
of activity and effectiveness of job of inspectors on preventive measures
against offences of minors, on prevention of the child neglect and offences
among children and teenagers, on improvement of their interaction with the
commissions on affairs of minors and agencies of national education and
public health services, self-government institutions of citizens and various
public organizations are carried out.
During 2002-2006 the officers of the Commission on affairs of minors under
the Government, which activity is aimed on prevention offences and crimes
among minors, influences of religious extremism on them, has visited all
regions of the Republic with the purpose of studying efficiency of measures
under the prevention of children's criminality and offences, and also for
rendering the practical and methodical assistance to the appropriate
divisions in realization of the activity incorporated in the National Plan
of action on performance of recommendations of United Nations Committee on
the Rights of the Child.
In 2005 in comparison with 2002 the number of the crimes committed by minors
reduced on 12% and number of the teenagers participating in commitment of
the crimes reduced on 10,1 %.
The number of the working teenagers, participate in commitment of the
crimes, reduced on 36,2 %, the number of the nonworking teenagers and
teenagers not attending school participated in commitment of crimes reduced
on 9,6 %.
In order to increase the effectiveness of the activity on securing
full-fledged social adaptation of children with the limited physical
abilities, children from unsuccessful families or children without parents’
care, the Republican Center for social adaptation of children was
established in 2004 by the decision of the Government of the Republic of
This Center together with the respective ministries and departments works on
studying of problems of children from vulnerable groups, development and
realization of recommendations for integration of children to the society,
works with the staff on introduction of new high technologies of work with
children, which need care, as well as introduction to the public
consciousness the necessity of strengthening of care of children of the
above mentioned category.
Trends in allocation of financial sources for the children’s
According to the adopted order, in formulating and adopting the state and
local budgets, finances for the children interests, as well as the social
security of women and growing generation, should be provided every year.
Budget expenditures for education of the growing generation is increasing
annually. Since 2002 to 2006 the budget expenditures in social sphere
increased by 2,5 times, including education – by 2,6 times, allowances to
families with children – by 2,5 times.
Budget increase rate for separate items are as following (%).
Special schools for
mentally or physically disabled children
extracurricular activities (e.g. sport schools)
Musical schools and art
Out of general
Expenses for food
School stationery and
winter clothes for children from the low-income families
2. Personnel training
Provision of food and
medicines for children with inborn sicknesses
Improvement of the women and children health project
immunization of children
4. Social security
Total expenses for
Monthly allowances for
mothers of children under 2 year old
low-income families with children under 18 year old
The system used to monitor the
of the objectives of the action plan and the millennium development goals
concerning the well-being of children
The process of implementation of adopted programs and action plans
directed at providing the well-being of children is under constant control
of the government, legislative bodies, central and local agencies concerned,
as well as public organizations.
Within the framework of the monitoring system directed at achieving the
well-being of children, the monitoring of and measures on assuring the
implementation of the Convention on the rights of children in following
directions are underway:
- The legislative, administrational and organizational measure. With an
aim to achieve the multifaceted approach in protecting the children’s
rights more than 50 legislative documents have been monitored for their
compliance with the principles and provisions of the Convention on
Children’s rights in Uzbekistan. The group of national experts have
drafted and submitted for further elaboration the draft laws On guarantees
of the Children’s rights and On Juvenile Justice.
- Institutional basis of guaranteeing the children’s rights. The
institutional system of guaranteeing the human rights and freedom,
including the children’s rights has been rapidly improving; whereas there
have been established several institutions on monitoring the legislation
on human rights. Two such institutions have been founded in 2005.
According to the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan the
Institute of monitoring of current legislation under the President of the
Republic of Uzbekistan has been established. The main task of the
institute is to carry out legal examination of draft legislations for
their compliance with the provisions of the Constitution of Uzbekistan and
other international norms and standards on human rights and foredoom, as
well as to monitor the implementation of laws in practice. On the basis of
the presidential decree a Center for monitoring of implementation of
normative and legal acts under the Ministry of Justice has been
established on December 15, 2005. The center is aimed at monitoring the
consistency of the legal basis under formation in Uzbekistan with the law
enforcement practices, goals and objectives of the reforms and processes
of modernization of the country.
- Coordination of the efforts of the government and the civil society
institutes, as well as establishment of social control mechanisms
(detailed in the next item).
- Popularizing the information on Convention. The convention is
regularly reprinted in Uzbek Language. It is widely distributed among high
school and college students, civil servants and non-government
- Deepening the international cooperation on protection of children’s
rights. The major international partners are: UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, ILO,
UNESCO, OSCE, World Bank, ADB and German foundations - Konrad Adenauer
stiftung and Friedrich Ebert stiftung and others.
One of the major tools in getting the data on the state of women and
children in monitoring the process of achieving the Millennium development
goals and Action plan World, fit for children is the research on national
The medical and demographical research in Uzbekistan (UzMDR, 1996 and
2002), Multi Indicator Cluster research (MICR, 2000 and 2006). It is
expected that the data, obtained as a result of 2006 MICR will contribute to
further improvement of the process of development and analysis of well based
government policies, and thus, will assist in development of more coherent
policies and its implementation directed at achievement of MDG and the
objectives of the Action plan World, fit for children.
Development of partnership and
associations for the sake of well-being of children
Since 2003, the Children's Parliament project is acting in Uzbekistan, which
is directed to development of abilities and increase youth participation in
the decision-making process, involvement in vigorous activity and display of
their civil positions.
More than 200 members of the Children's Parliament, selected from all areas
and cities of Uzbekistan, take part in decision of local social problems by
carrying out of educational and information programs, including the Program
of Preventive Measures Against HIV/AIDS, the rights of the child, increase
of awareness of population on MDG, in communication actions on salt
ionization, flour fortifications, development of schools of good behavior to
children, and others.
At sessions of Children's Parliament, hold twice a year in days of school
vacation, during interactive trainings young MPs raise their knowledge on
principles and regulations of Convention on the Rights of Child, ideas of
democracy, publicity, existing in the country electoral system, and get
other vital skills.
Children pass their knowledge to coevals at schools and on residence on the
basis of principle Equal trains the equal.
Basic achievements of the Children's Parliament project:
- It became a model of real practical work with youth, which can be
implemented everywhere in Uzbekistan;
- It received social recognition and popularity among adults and
- It established partner relations with structures of local
- At support of adults, young MPs carry out huge work in regions;
- Young MPs take real participation in formation and realization of
youth policy in cities and areas through concrete social programs;
- Wide information work on realization of national plan on flour
fortification and necessity of use iodized salt was carried out within the
- Number of participants of young MPs’ information actions is continuing
to increase. It became a good parameter of development of the project.
More than 17 thousand children participated in trainings on the rights of
the child and healthy life, as well as preventive measures against
HIV/AIDS and drug addiction.
More than 5 thousand NGOs carry out their activity in Uzbekistan, majority
of them deal with children issues. They are monitoring observance of the
rights of the child in the country.
Range and diversity of tasks, related to facilitation of all-round interests
of children, demand precisely coordinated actions of all NGOs dealing with
children’s issues in Uzbekistan.
With this purpose, about 100 of the national NGOs have created the Coalition
on Rendering of Palpable Help in protection of the rights and interests of
children. NGOs Coalition has carried out seminars aimed to increase the
knowledge of the local governmental agencies’ officers, workers of the law
enforcement bodies and self-governing structures, regional representatives
of the Ombudsman and journalists on the realization of the Convention on the
Rights of Child and juvenile justice.
Under the supervision of Children Fund, certain actions on strengthening the
potential of NGOs Coalition were taken. All members of the Coalition have
actively participated in the realization of international obligations of
Uzbekistan in implementation of provisions of the Convention on the Rights
of Child and tasks of the international campaign Not a single child without
attention, which was carried out in Uzbekistan in 2004-2006.
In 2006, Coordination Council on maintenance of children well-being in
Uzbekistan, which consists of heads of the ministries, departments, public
organizations, as well as heads of the international organizations, was
created within the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Council is the permanently operating advisory body that aimed to carry out
coordination of corresponding structures on maintenance of the rights and
interests of children of Uzbekistan.
Since 2003, the Non-Governmental Children Fund Sen Yolgiz Emassan (You are
Not Alone) productively and creatively functions in the Republic. Three
international forums on problems of children, which have actively
implemented concrete recommendations, were carried out under the auspices of
The social partnership with the public organizations and charity funds
becomes stronger. For more than a decade, together with the International
Charity Fund Engrag the International art competition World of enchanting
paints amongst disabled children is being organized and annually attended by
up to 100 persons. Children from other countries - Russian Federation,
Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan - take part in this
competition. International seminar for experts on problems of physical
inability is also organized.
Important role in increasing of well-being of Uzbekistan’s children is
played by such international organizations, as UNICEF, UNFPA, USAID, WHO,
JICA, KfW Bank, World Bank, ADB.
Achievements of the (World fit for
children) Action Plan and MDG purposes concerning children
During last years, the Government of Uzbekistan has considerably expanded
the potential for carrying out of social reforms in directions towards
Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and realizations of clauses of the
Document World fit for Children, the rights of children and women.
As the signatory state of the UN Millennium Declaration, Uzbekistan
carries out its obligations to overcome the issues mentioned in MDG. The
government recognizes an urgency and acuity of these problems in the context
of national development.
In cooperation with donor community and civil society, Uzbekistan
successfully facilitated an adaptation to the conditions of, as well as
integration of MDG into the interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (I-PRSP).
As the purposes of Country MDG and Interim PRSP are directed on increase of
a standard of life, process of development of both documents supplement each
other. MDG establish concrete bases for realization of Interim PRSP.
Below, there are recent years achievements on realization of the complex
of purposeful measures on fulfillment of the above-named Documents. Thus the
national targets, MDG tasks, as well as achievements are conditionally
grouped on the following four set themes:
I. Promotion of
Objective No.1 -
Reduction of low income and malnutrition
Task No.1 - Reduction
of low income by two times by 2015
Initial level of low
income is 27.5% (estimates of the World Bank in 2001). It is planned to
reduce it to 14% by 2015.
In 2003 the index
showed 26.2%, in 2004 – 24.9%, in 2005 – 26.2%.
The dynamics of
malnutrition gained evidently positive trend. According to research
information of Uzbekistan Medical Demographic Survey (UzMDS) of 2002,
Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) of 2006, for the period from
2002 until present time the number of children with low weight aged up
to 5 years has decreased nearly by 1.6 times (from 7.9% in 2002 to 5.1%
Objective No.4 -
Reduction of child mortality
Task No.5 - Reduction
by two thirds of mortality among children of up to 5 years old by 2015
From 2002 to 2005 the
infant mortality reduced by 12% (up to 14.9 ppm). Mortality among
children of up to 5 years old constitutes of 20.6 ppm in 2005, 18% lower
than in 2002.
At the same time
according to UzMDS of 2002 and MICS of 2006 studies, infant mortality
(by definition of viviparity and child mortality adopted by WHO) reduced
by 28.5% from 61.7 ppm to 48.5 ppm. Mortality among children of up to 5
years old reduced by 28.6% (from 73.3 ppm in 2002 to 57 ppm in 2005).
Objective No.5 –
Improvement of maternal health
Task No.6 – Reduction
of maternal mortality by one third by 2015
Index of maternal
mortality had decreased by 8% and constituted 29.7 ppm.
Objective No.6 –
Fight against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria
Task No.7 – To stop the
spread of HIV/AIDS and start tendency towards reduction of disease
incidents by 2015
There is tendency of
increase of morbidity with HIV/AIDS from 5.5% to 7% due to improvement
of detection diagnostics. There is success in improvement of direction
of activity on preventing of HIV/AIDS spread.
In Republic the
Strategic Program of counteraction to HIV/AIDS spread in 2003-2006 was
At present the National
Program for 2007-2011 has been developed.
Task No.8 – To stop
spread of tuberculosis and malaria and to start tendency towards
reduction of disease incidents by 2015
According to WHO Global
Report, sickness rate of tuberculosis for 100 thousand people has got
tendency towards reduction (after 7 years of constant increase). In 2005
the figure showed 76 against 80 cases in 2002. DOTS Strategy, which is
under realisation in the Republic, has become available for more than
80% of population. In the Republic only isolated instances of morbidity
with malaria have been registered.
Objective No.7 –
Securing of ecological sustainability
Task No.9 – Integration
of principles of sustainable development into policy and programs of
government and turning back the process of loss of natural resources by
In addition to
realisation of the package of strategic documents on solution of
ecological problems, the System of ecological information was developed,
which includes 91 ecological detector and is effective for monitoring of
achievements of Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
Task No.10 – Increase
of number of urban and rural population with access to pure drinking
water and sanitation by 2015
Number of population
having access to pure drinking water had been increased by 3.4 points
and constituted 83.8%, and of rural population – from 71.0% to 78.5%.
Nearly 40% of urban and 5% of rural population have access to sanitary
According to MICS data
of 2006, the figure on use of improved sources of drinking water
constitutes 89.6%, of improved sanitation and hygiene facilities –
II. Promotion of the
quality of education
Objective No.2 –
Improvement of quality of education at primary and secondary schools
Task No.2 – Improvement
of quality of primary and general secondary education by 2015 with
preserving of overall access
In the framework of
National Program of school education development for 2004-2009, the
strengthening of material and technical basis of schools, the provision
with modern study and laboratory equipment, furniture, computers and the
creation of equal conditions for education of children of rural and
urban schools continued. Acquisition of schools with teachers of
necessary type and level of education, modern study literature and study
methodical textbooks, which meet requirements of national education
standards are being carried on.
Objective No.3 –
Encouragement of equality between men and women and expansion of rights
and opportunities of women
Task No.3 – Achievement
of gender equality in the system of primary, secondary and vocational
education by 2015
The equal access of men
and women to primary and secondary school education, as well as to
secondary special and vocational education is guaranteed by Government.
Gender equality in the
system of primary school education is formed by the number of born girls
2.9 million girls and 3
million boys study at general schools, among them correspondingly 1.1
and 1.2 million at primary schools, and 1.5 and 1.6 million at 5-9
According to MICS
gender ratio (of getting of education by men and women) at primary
schools forms 1.0, at secondary – 0.98.
Task No.4 – Achievement
of gender balance in tertiary education by 2015
In 2005 59.6 thousand
people were admitted to institutions of higher learning (54.2 thousand
to undergraduate and 5.4 to postgraduate), which is 1.33 times more than
in 2000 (accordingly, 1.3 and 2 times).
High rate of admittance
of women to institutions of higher learning is registered:
number of admitted
women increased by 44.3%, men – only by 26.8%.
At the same time, ratio
of women in high education among undergraduate students is 41%,
postgraduate – 37.2%.
For the purposes of
implementation of recommendations of the UN Committee on the rights of
the child the National Action Plan of the Cabinet of Ministers was
developed. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible for ensuring of
intersectoral coordination and cooperation at national and local levels
for implementation of Convention.
monitoring on observance of the child’s rights.
against abuse of exploitation and violence
In the frame of
comprehensive approach to protection of the rights of the child more
then 50 legislation acts were monitored in accordance with principles
and provisions of Convention of the Rights of the Child.
Group of national
experts develops drafts of acts On Guarantees of the Rights of the Child
and On Juvenile Justice with collaboration of the representatives of
also prepared own draft of the act On Guarantees of the Rights of the
Annually at the
Governmental level different state programs are adopted and implemented.
These programs provide implementation of measures for maternity and
childhood protection, strengthening of mother’s and child’s health,
improving reproductive health, increase of medical culture and improving
mode of life in family, ensuring birth and upbringing physically strong
and harmoniously developed children.
Experience and initiatives for
improvement well-being of the children and speeding up the realization of
the (World fit for children) Action Plan and MDG.
Despite the mentioned in previous chapters of the Report special programs,
action plans and governmental decrees regarding the children in Uzbekistan
it became a good tradition to dedicate each year to certain direction, to
work out special action plans.
On this basis the opportunities and strength of governmental,
non-governmental and public structures, and also the sponsors and charities
are being concentrated for the resolution of the concrete and well-targeted
The following should be noted:
- regardless which name has been given to the current year, either it’s
related to family or women’s issues, or the education of healthy
generation, or the improvement of the neighbourhood or the protection of
the elderly peoples are concerned, the uniting and common point and
criteria are that always in the centre of the attention is the individual,
his life, hopes, joys and problems;
- special programs each year include the directions and complex of
concrete measures to provide the interests and well-being of the children
For example, following chapters inside the yearly programs regarding the
children should to be noted:
(The healthy generation) Program (2000)
- Improvement of the life conditions for the healthy family and
development of highly moral atmosphere in the family;
- The enforcement of the attention and the care of the government,
society and family to the birth of the healthy child;
- Improvement of the conditions for strengthening the health, betterment
of the education and harmonious training of the children;
- Advancement of the social-economic status of the women in the family
- Creation and development of the system of general education regarding
the full parent’s responsibilities after the birth and the education of
the healthy generation;
- Formation in the public consciousness of the psychology of high
responsibility for the birth, education, training of harmoniously
developed and healthy generation.
The program Year of mother and the child (2001)
- Creation of the necessary conditions for strengthening the health of
pregnant women and birth of the healthy child, supervision and care for
them using the modern medical equipment;
- Establishment of constant medical control over the child from the
moment of his birth, protection him against negative influences posed a
threat for his healthy development, regular inoculation against various
diseases and other preventive actions;
- Maintenance of the correct physical and spiritual education for
children from the infantile age, performance of the recommendations of the
modern medicine, pedagogic and psychology in the each family;
- Amplification of the role of parents and tutors in the education
process of the children during preschool age on the basis of traditions
and customs which have stayed in the inheritance from our ancestors, in
the spirit of respect for the national values, with application of modern
methods of pedagogic, their wide acquaintance with rich and various
- Creation to the children along with knowledge, the respectful attitude
to the national traditions and values, and also the wide outlook, interest
to the foreign languages and universal values especially during teaching
them in the initial classes;
- Amplification of the role of mother and family in the education
process of the child, in his physical and spiritual development up to
attainment him to the age of majority and the indissoluble connection
between the mother and the child in all these processes.
The program of Year of protection of interests of the
elder generation (2002)
- Maintenance of active participation of the senior generation in
transformations of a society, education of healthy generation,
- continuity and transfer to the youth of rich professional and life
experience, kind traditions and cultural values;
- Perfection of an educational system and training of children, youth in
the spirit of respect, reverence and care of parents and the senior
The program Year of Mahalla (2003).
- Strengthening the social protection of needy families and support of
- Improvement of medical and sanatorium services for population of
- Development of children's sports;
- Stirring up the Mahalla’s activity on spiritual - moral education of
The program (Year of kindness and mercy) (2004)
Strengthening the family, protection of motherhood and childhood, education
of youth in the spirit of respect for the elder generation.
The program (Year of the health)
- Improvement of the mother care and children’s health, reproductive
health, advancement of the medical culture and the well-being of the
- Prevention of socially dangerous diseases;
- Provision of the population with pure and qualified water, and
conditions for healthy lifestyle and protection of the environment;
- Development of physical training amongst all population, children’s,
women and family sports.
The program (Year of charity and medical workers)
- Welfare aid and encouragement of needy families;
- Improvement of life conditions in the specialized establishments of
social welfare and strengthening the material and technical base of
- Organization of treatment and health improvement of the needy
citizens, children and disabled people.
The following initiatives for the nearest period should be noted:
1. Elaboration of the Year of Social protection State program for
2007. The mentioned program provides the implementation of a complex of
measures directed on maintenance the social protection of vulnerable groups
of the population. Realization of special measures related to problems of
children is also provided on:
- strengthening the material base of Mehribonlik houses and specialized
boarding schools, strengthening the attention and care of children who
have lost the supporter, maintenance of a real embodiment in life of the
noble slogan You are not alone;
- further expansion of measures on formation of physically healthy,
spiritually rich generation, strengthening the care of motherhood and
childhood, development of Healthy mother – healthy child movement;
- further perfection of the mechanism of stimulation and worthy
estimation of labour of social service system workers;
- maintenance of the vital interests of youth, creation of conditions
for display of their abilities and potential, support of young families by
their moral and welfare stimulation at the stage of entry to the
independent life, granting the preferential credits to young families.
2. Completion of the examination, acceptance and beginning the
implementation of the National Program on ensuring the well-being of
children in Uzbekistan for 2007-2011, which envisage the realization of
measures developed under recommendations of the Committee of the United
Nations on Children Rights after presenting the second periodic report on
implementation of the Convention on the Children Rights (May 19, 2006).