You Are Here: Home » Uncategorized » “December 8 – the Constitution Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan”

EVERY HOLIDAY DEAR IN ITS OWN WAY

In December, the peoples of Uzbekistan and Bangladesh mark important national dates. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Bangladesh to Uzbekistan, Mosud Mannan, has told about the significance of the public holiday in his country.

1. Mr. Ambassador, what does the date 16 December mean to the people of Bangladesh?

16 December for Bengalis is the day of the greatest pride and triumph! It is indeed a symbol of freedom. That is the day when the new Bengali nation earned the ultimate victory against occupation forces of Pakistan. On 16 December, 1971, a 9 nine-month sanguinary war, which started after Bangabandhu declared independence on 26 March, 1971, and 24 years of an intense political struggle came to an end. On this glorious day we also pay our deepest homage to the three million martyrs, who sacrificed their lives for the cause of independence. This year we are observing the 45th jubilee of the greatest achievement of our Nation!

Starting with the Language movement in 1952, Bangabandhu undeviatingly led the nation to the Victory. He saw the sufferings of his nation, which were neglected by the occupation forces, especially in ensuring economic justice, fair distribution of national wealth and resources, and sharing power between all parts of the country equitably. The overwhelming majority Awami League earned in 1970’s General Elections revealed the aspiration and longing of Bengalis for independence. Honorable Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina, daughter of the great Bangabadhu, is continuing the path taken by the Father of the Nation to lead Bangladesh to development and prosperity, thereby, reaching the goal of turning the country into a “Golden Bengal”!

2. The people of Uzbekistan also celebrate a special day in December – the Constitution Day. On this date, a direction for the upcoming year is announced. Particular attention in the government policy will be paid to the development of the announced sphere or dimension of public life. How do you regard such a tradition in Uzbekistan?

I presume the Constitution Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan as one of the greatest milestones in the history of this beautiful and historic country. No successful and prosperous state today can be imagined without a Constitution – the main source of Law. Adoption of Constitution is itself the way for people to express their commitments and aspirations to work for a prosperous present and a bright future of their country within legal norms.

 On this special day, the government also announces the direction of the country’s development for the upcoming year. This well-thought initiative of the Honorable Late President of Uzbekistan, H.E. Mr. Islam Abduganievich Karimov helps the government to focus on a particular social sphere, which needs a special attention. The success of this year’s program titled “2016 – the Year of Healthy Mother and Child” has been proven from its efficient outcome. The government has focused on bringing up an intellectual and comprehensively advanced generation, and created favorable conditions for that by providing educational, medical, infrastructural, sporting and other facilities worth 7.5 trillion soums and $194 million from the state’s budget. It is evident that through the announcement of the national program for the year, the government gives more attention to a particular social sphere, development of which becomes an essential step in improving the living standards of the people and leads to the creation of a flourishing nation.

Availing this opportunity, I would like to wish the government and people of Uzbekistan a continuous peace and prosperity on the occasion of the 24th anniversary of the Constitution Day of the Republic.

3. Speaking about plans for this year, you pointed out earlier that our trade basket needs diversification as now concentration falls onto cotton while there is a range of untapped opportunities. Have any agreements been made?

This year can be marked as a fruitful year for Bangladesh-Uzbekistan relations. A number of initiatives have been taken by bоth countries. The Bangladesh Embassy in Tashkent received proposals from Bangladeshi entrepreneurs to promote jute and jute products in Uzbekistan. Uzbek entrepreneurs approached the Embassy for assistance in promoting locally produced dried fruits, vegetables and beans in Bangladesh. In addition, proposals for cooperation in the sphere of leather goods came early this year. I have also had a discussion on opportunities for cooperation in the field of juice production with local producers of fruit juice. All the proposals have been submitted to the respective sides for consideration and further actions.

Undoubtedly, cotton remains the main item of trade cooperation between our two friendly countries taking into account the demand of Bangladesh textile industry for the high quality cotton produced by Uzbekistan. But the growing export potential and readiness of bоth countries to cooperate allow us to look forward to the positive developments in bilateral relations, which are likely to take place in the upcoming New Year.

 fact

Starting with the Language movement in 1952, Bangabandhu undeviatingly led the nation to the Victory. He saw the sufferings of his nation, which were neglected by the occupation forces, especially in ensuring economic justice, fair distribution of national wealth and resources, and sharing power between all parts of the country equitably. The overwhelming majority Awami League earned in 1970’s General Elections revealed the aspiration and longing of Bengalis for independence.

 figure

 In 2015, Bangladesh rose to first place in the volumes of imports of Uzbek cotton – 29% of the total.


Конституция – гарант прав и свобод граждан

 0e9d4529cf373fc0520f31285eb4b41e

Конституция Республики Узбекистан, принятая 8 декабря 1992 года, стала главной правовой и законодательной основой построения независимого демократического государства с социально ориентированной рыночной экономикой, формирования в стране гражданского общества, где главной ценностью становятся интересы, права и свободы человека, обеспечивается верховенство закона.

Принципы и положения, долгосрочные цели и задачи, заложенные в Конституции, а также глубоко продуманная стратегия развития явились надежным и решающим фактором, определившим коренные реформы во всех сферах, достижение Узбекистаном рубежей, которыми страна может по праву гордиться.

Либерализация и демократизация общества, обеспечение устойчивого и стабильного роста экономики, благосостояния и качества жизни населения является результатом отвечающих современным демократическим требованиям реформ по формированию национальной государственности и политической системы.

Подводя итог сделанному за истекшие годы, сегодня есть все основания сказать о том, что осуществлена огромная работа по обновлению и реформированию республики, достижению макроэкономической сбалансированности.

Конституция является правовой и законодательной базой построения независимого, суверенного демократического государства, утверждения приоритета частной собственности в многоукладной рыночной экономике и обеспечения гарантий ее защиты, а также формирования в стране гражданского общества, где высшей ценностью становятся интересы, права и свободы человека.

Первый Президент Республики Узбекистан Ислам Каримов отмечал, что когда речь идет о решающих факторах, осуществляемых в стране широкомасштабных преобразований, прежде всего, следует подчеркнуть кардинальные изменения в сознании и мышлении людей, их отношении к происходящим вокруг событиям, рост чувства сопричастности к ним, повышение политической активности и укрепление гражданской позиции.

В этом плане своевременное принятие Национальной программы по подготовке кадров, а также общенациональной Программы развития школьного образования, внедрение в сферу образования и воспитания абсолютно новой системы, свободной от догм и стереотипов прошлого, вызывающей большой интерес во всем мире, стало поистине историческим событием. В результате сегодня формируется новое поколение, самостоятельно мыслящее и отвечающее современным требованиям, на арену выходит молодежь, способная взять на себя ответственность за завтрашний день, судьбу Родины.

Практика показала, что процесс реформирования и демократизации всех сфер жизни страны – это не разовая, одномоментная задача, а непрерывно продолжающийся процесс, ставящий своей конечной целью реализацию всех принципов и положений Конституции, служащей дальнейшему процветанию страны, укреплению ее свободы и независимости.

В Основном законе четко определено, что главной целью Узбекистана является построение не только демократического правового государства, но и справедливого общества. Таким образом, его сутью является создание достойных условий жизни для людей, реализация принципов социальной справедливости как основы всех направлений национального законодательства.

В Конституции нашей страны закреплены реальные механизмы и гарантии личных, политических прав граждан. Претворению в жизнь этих положений содействовало создание необходимой правовой базы, которая ознаменовала собой качественно новый этап в усилении роли гражданских институтов, СМИ в решении важнейших задач социально-экономического развития страны, обеспечении плюрализма мнений в обществе, защиты социальных, трудовых прав граждан.

За годы независимости избирательное законодательство Узбекистана прошло последовательный эволюционный путь формирования и развития. В результате либерализации и модернизации всех сфер общественной жизни создана современная избирательная система, отвечающая самым высоким демократическим требованиям. Сформирована эффективная, соответствующая общепризнанным международным нормам и принципам нормативно-правовая база, обеспечивающая гарантии свободного волеизъявления граждан, право каждого свободно избирать и быть избранным в представительные органы государственной власти.

С учетом собственного национального опыта проведения демократических выборов и референдума на основе Конституции осуществляется планомерная системная работа по совершенствованию избирательного законодательства. В этом контексте выборы Президента Республики Узбекистан 4 декабря 2016 года показали соответствие предвыборной кампании принципам законности, справедливости, открытости, гласности и транспарентности.

Одним из приоритетных направлений демократических преобразований в Узбекистане является развитие политического плюрализма, повышение роли политических партий в системе парламентской представительной демократии. Успехи, достигнутые в углублении реформ, переходе к рыночной экономике, строительстве правового государства и открытого гражданского общества, обусловили историческую закономерность проведения парламентской реформы. Каждая из действующих в Узбекистане четырех политических партий имеет свою программу, а значит, и свою позицию в отношении того или иного события, происходящего в общественно-политической жизни.

В соответствии с поправками, внесенными в статью 32 Основного Закона, конституционный статус получил институт общественного контроля над деятельностью государственных органов как       важнейший элемент народовластия. Это позволило расширить масштабы широкого участия населения, ННО, СМИ и других институтов в общественной и политической жизни страны.

Принятие Закона «Об электронном правительстве» – новый этап в демократизации общества и обеспечении транспарентности функционирования правительства и его институтов. Данный акт среди прочего предусматривает внедрение возможностей осуществления интерактивных взаимоотношений населения и бизнеса с госорганами. Еще одним ярким примером является запуск виртуальной приемной Премьер-министра Узбекистана, куда могут непосредственно обратиться граждане и юридические лица из самых отдаленных регионов государства.

За годы независимости Парламент ратифицировал более 70 международных документов по правам человека, в том числе десять основных инструментов ООН, из них – 6 международных договоров и 4 Факультативных протокола. Согласно Конституции, международные нормы по правам человека имеют приоритет над национальным законодательством.

Во исполнение своих международных обязательств, положений документов по правам человека и рекомендаций различных уставных и договорных органов ООН Узбекистан определил ряд приоритетных направлений в области прав человека. Среди них – создание и совершенствование прочной законодательной и институциональной базы, непрерывной образовательной системы, формирование новой четкой системы работы с обращениями на неправомерную деятельность должностных лиц, развитие институтов гражданского общества, осуществление широкой информационно­-просветительской работы, международное сотрудничество.

Важным принципом конституционного развития Узбекистана является преемственность начатых реформ, неуклонное динамичное продвижение по пути совершенствования и модернизации государства и общества по пути построения правового демократического государства и создания сильного гражданского общества. Принятые в октябре 2016 года новые указы Президента Республики Узбекистан имеют важное значение в дальнейшей реализации принципов и норм Конституции, направленных на защиту всего комплекса прав и свобод человека в Узбекистане.

ИА «Жахон»


«КОНСТИТУЦИЯ УЗБЕКИСТАНА БАЗИРУЕТСЯ НА ОСНОВОПОЛАГАЮЩИХ ПРИНЦИПАХ ДЕМОКРАТИИ»

В Анкаре состоялся брифинг, посвященный роли Конституции Узбекистана в осуществлении демократических реформ в нашей стране. В нем приняли участие представители профессорско-преподавательского состава и студенческой молодежи Университета Билькент.

Справочно: Университет Билькент, основанный в 1984 году как первый негосударственный университет в Турции, активно инвестирует в образовательные и исследовательские проекты. Данный вуз входит в рейтинг 500 лучших университетов мира по версии британского издания Times Higher Education.

В ходе мероприятия участники были проинформированы о значении Основного закона в построении правового демократического государства и сильного гражданского общества. Отмечалось, что Конституция и принятый на ее основе ряд законодательных актов заложили прочный фундамент для создания и свободного развития политических партий и общественных объединений, обеспечения прав и свобод граждан, сохранения мира и согласия в обществе.

По итогам брифинга ряд его участников дали интервью корреспонденту ИА «Жахон».

Неджмиттин Алтунташ, глава Стамбульского департамента Директората печати и информации при аппарате Премьер-министра Турции:

– 8 декабря народ Узбекистана отмечает один из самых важных государственных праздников – День Конституции. Этот важнейший документ принят на основе норм международного права, базовых принципов Всеобщей декларации прав человека, предписаний ООН. Он базируется на основополагающих принципах демократии.

Главная суть Основного закона заключается в правовом определении важнейших принципов, целей, задач и норм для взаимодействия государства и общества. Достижения вашей республики в различных сферах показывают, что этот судьбоносный документ способствовал укреплению независимости Узбекистана и повышению его авторитета на международной арене.

Конституция гармонично сочетает в себе общечеловеческие ценности и национальные особенности, менталитет народа. Человек, его жизнь, свобода, честь и другие неотъемлемые права закреплены в ней в качестве высших ценностей. Все это как нельзя лучше проявляется в соответствующих государственных программах, включающих в себя конкретные и всеобъемлющие мероприятия.

Адилходжа Азиз, старший преподаватель Университета Билькента:

– Основной закон Узбекистана выступает гарантом соблюдения прав и свобод граждан и служит законодательной основой свободного, поступательного развития республики. Все это находит реальное воплощение в жизни государства. В этой связи основополагающий и созидательный характер Конституции заслуживает высокой оценки.

Говоря о значимости этого документа, мы педагоги, не можем не отметить еще один очень важный аспект: одной из первостепенных задач Основного закона является воспитание гражданской позиции и патриотизма у молодежи страны. Следует отметить, что в Конституции Узбекистана данный вопрос возведен в ранг государственной политики. В ней предусмотрены необходимые правовые основы для воспитания гармоничного развитого поколения.


ОСНОВА СПОКОЙСТВИЯ, СТАБИЛЬНОСТИ И БЛАГОПОЛУЧИЯ

Конституция Республики Узбекистан служит прочной основой обеспечения мира и стабильности в обществе, межнациональной дружбы и согласия, благополучной жизни нашего народа.

На прошедшем в Министерстве юстиции в связи с 24-летием принятия Конституции Республики Узбекистан мероприятии уделялось внимание этим аспектам.

Особо отмечалось, что правовые нормы, закрепленные в нашем Основном Законе в качестве основы модернизации государства и демократизации общества, социально-экономических, политических реформ служат жизненным источником, объединяющим наш народ на пути к единой цели.

В Конституции твердо закреплено, что каждый человек имеет право на собственность, основу экономики Узбекистана, направленной на развитие рыночных отношений, составляет собственность в ее различных формах, частная собственность, наряду с другими формами собственности, неприкосновенна и защищается государством.

Под руководством Первого Президента нашей страны Ислама Каримова созданы правовые основы, направленные на развитие предпринимательства. В результате Узбекистан получает признание в ряду самых быстро развивающихся стран мира на сегодняшний день. Достойный вклад предпринимателей заключается в том, что за последние одиннадцать лет валовой внутренний продукт составляет более восьми процентов.

Создание фермерских хозяйств в целях предоставления земель истинному хозяину земли и повышения объема выращивания сельскохозяйственной продукции стало важным шагом. На сегодняшний день в нашей стране ведут деятельность более 160 тысяч фермерских хозяйств.

Органы юстиции осуществляют работу в сфере обеспечения прав и интересов представителей сферы, оказания им необходимой правовой помощи. Министерством юстиции совместно с Министерством сельского и водного хозяйства, Советом фермеров и другими заинтересованными организациями разработаны и доставлены на места типовые проекты контрактационных, посредническо-комиссионных и экспортных договоров по закупке овощей и фруктов, винограда, картофеля и бахчевых культур.

На мероприятии была предоставлена информация о закрепленных в нашем Основном Законе правовых основах рыночной экономики, практике по заключению и выполнению контрактационных договоров по закупке для государственных нужд плодоовощной продукции.

На конференции с участием специалистов министерств юстиции, сельского и водного хозяйства, холдинговой компании “Узбекозиковкатхолдинг”, специализированной внешнеторговой компании “Узагроэкспорт” журналисты получили ответы на интересующие их вопросы.


«КОНСТИТУЦИЯ УЗБЕКИСТАНА – КЛЮЧ ДЛЯ БУДУЩИХ НАЧИНАНИЙ»

По случаю предстоящей 24-годовщины принятия Конституции Узбекистана южнокорейские эксперты в интервью ИА «Жахон» поделились своими оценками о значении Основного закона в жизни страны.

Ким Чан Джонг, судья Конституционного суда Республики Корея:

– Конституция в качестве фундамента государства формирует систему управления, при которой гарантированы основные права и свобода человека. Основной закон Узбекистана широко известен своими общепризнанными принципами и нормами, такими как защита гражданских прав, демократия, правовые нормы и разделение властей.

Отношения между Узбекистаном и Республикой Корея имеют глубокие исторические корни. Подтверждением этому является настенная фреска в музее Афрасиаб в Самарканде. Наши народы активно взаимодействуют в политической, социально-экономической и культурной сферах.

Пользуясь случаем, желаю вашей стране дальнейших успехов и процветания.

Хван Санг Чол, заместитель министра государственного законодательства (Республика Корея):

– Конституция Узбекистана является барометром нынешнего состояния государства, а также ключом будущих начинаний республики. Надеюсь, что она и впредь будет способствовать дальнейшему развитию страны.

Конституция предусматривает всеобъемлющие цели и принципы государственного строительства, которые должны быть эффективно реализованы под руководством правительства в соответствии с действующим законодательством.

От имени Министерства государственного законодательства передаю узбекскому народу свои сердечные поздравления и желаю продолжения взаимовыгодного обмена и дружбы между правительственными структурами нашими государствами.

Ри Ик Хё, президент Корейского научно-исследовательского института законодательства:

– Особой ценностью Основного закона Узбекистана в деле осуществления демократических реформ является тот факт, что интересы граждан являются приоритетными для государства.

День Конституции позволяет узбекскому народу глубже понять принципы законности и справедливости, а также ее значимость в жизнедеятельности государства и общества.


УЗБЕКИСТАН ВЫЙДЕТ НА НОВЫЙ УРОВЕНЬ РАЗВИТИЯ

В Ташкенте состоялась международная конференция на тему “Конституционно-правовые основы выборов главы государства: опыт Узбекистана и развитых демократических стран”. Корреспондент УзА взяла интервью у группы участников международной конференции.

Давид Геертс, член Палаты представителей парламента Бельгии:

- Государственность Узбекистана имеет прочную основу. С учетом этого социально-экономическое направление определено в качестве главного курса реформ в стране, что играет важную роль в ее развитии, процветании народа.

Побывав в Самарканде и Бухаре, мы прикоснулись и к истории Узбекистана, и увидели, как страна живет сегодня. Ознакомились с наследием таких великих ученых и государственных деятелей, как Амир Темур, Мирзо Улугбек. Убедились в том, что нынешнее развитие является продолжением вашей славной истории. В этом, конечно же, велики заслуги Первого Президента Узбекистана Ислама Каримова.

Наблюдаем, что избирательная система и выборный процесс отвечают всем требованиям. Уверены, после этого важного политического события Узбекистан выйдет на новый уровень развития.

Хайнц Бюлер, депутат городского совета Бонна (Германия):

– Каждый раз, приезжая в Узбекистан, вижу всестороннее развитие страны. Очень рад, что участвую наблюдателем в важном для народа Узбекистана политическом мероприятии.

Налажено широкое освещение выборов не только внутри страны, но и по всему миру. Стоит отдать должное высокому уровню межпартийной конкуренции и предвыборной агитации, которые организованы в рамках законодательства. Думаю, что выборы пройдут в соответствии с высокими демократическими требованиями.

Ежи Шукальски, профессор Люблинского университета (Польша):

– В Узбекистане сформирована прочная законодательная база. Я глубоко изучал Конституцию страны, которая всесторонне продумана, разработана с учетом общепризнанных международных норм и национальных особенностей. Мною написана и издана книга “О Конституции Республики Узбекистан” на польском языке.

Конституцией Узбекистана четко упорядочены все вопросы, связанные с выборами. В соответствии с этим, выборы Президента проводятся согласно принятым на ее основе законам. Строгое следование избирательному законодательству обеспечивает проведение выборов в духе демократии.

Александр Цинкер, президент Международного центра по изучению избирательных систем, директор Института стран СНГ и Восточной Европы (Израиль):

– Я и раньше участвовал наблюдателем в выборах, проведенных в Узбекистане. Примечательно, что с развитием страны совершенствуется и ее законодательство. Мы увидели, что после последних выборов были учтены предложения наблюдателей, в короткие сроки внесены изменения и дополнения в избирательное законодательство, которые полностью соблюдаются в ходе нынешних выборов.

На конференции широко обсуждались особенности национального избирательного законодательства.

Заслуживает внимания проведенная к выборам тщательная подготовка, политическая активность и широкое мировоззрение избирателей.

Ф
редерик Старр, руководитель Института Центральной Азии и Кавказа при университете Дж.Хопкинса (США):

– Сформированная в Узбекистане система многопартийности свидетельствует о том, что страна идет по пути демократии. Межпартийная конкуренция двигает развитие общества вперед. Равные условия, созданные в ходе избирательной кампании для всех четырех политических партий, являются воплощением справедливости.

Узбекистан развивается по всем направлениям. Не будет преувеличением сказать, что страна – один из лидеров СНГ. В основе этих успехов лежит постоянное совершенствование законодательства в соответствии с требованиями времени. Достойны высокой оценки усилия народа Узбекистана по продолжению начатых Первым Президентом страны Исламом Каримовым широкомасштабных реформ. Уверен, что выборы главы государства пройдут в соответствии с демократическими требованиями.

Дэн Петерсон, независимый консультант по сертификации профессиональных педагогов (США):

– Узбекистан прославился в мире не только своей неповторимостью и привлекательностью, но и благодаря гостеприимству и великодушию народа.

И на предыдущих выборах мне доводилось наблюдать, как с большим воодушевлением, ответственностью готовятся к подобным мероприятиям. Огромная подготовка во главе с Центральной избирательной комиссией Узбекистана проведена и на этот раз. Важное значение в этом имеет придание комиссии статуса конституционного органа и расширение ее полномочий.


ВАЖНО СОБЛЮДАТЬ ЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬНЫЕ ОСНОВЫ СЕМЬИ

Семья является основной ячейкой общества и имеет право на защиту общества и государства. Брак основывается на свободном согласии и равноправии сторон.

Конституция Республики Узбекистан, статья 63.

Обеспечение определенной в Конституции защиты семьи обществом и государством является одной из важных задач в деятельности органов юстиции. Джизакским городским отделом записи актов гражданского состояния за прошедший период года с вступающими в брак парами проведены беседы о законодательных основах семьи.

В современном здании “Дома счастья” в Джизакском областном центре за прошедший период зарегистрировано 860 новых семейных пар. Выдано более 5 тысяч свидетельств о рождении детей.

– Уделяется особое внимание укреплению семьи, определенной в Конституции нашей страны в качестве основной ячейки общества, это отражается и на жизни молодых людей, которые приходят в наше учреждение, – говорит заведующая Джизакским городским отделом ЗАГСа М.Урозалиева. – Сегодня я радуюсь при виде желающих вступить в брак физически здоровых молодых людей с высоким уровнем культуры. У вступивших в нынешнем году в брак 1 тысячи 720 граждан не были обнаружены заболевания, препятствующие семейной жизни, это является результатом проводимой в нашей стране работы по оздоровлению и воспитанию всесторонне развитого поколения.

Здоровый ребенок рождается в здоровой семье. Проведение обязательного медицинского осмотра до регистрации брака играет важную роль в обеспечении физического здоровья строящих семью молодых людей и ее прочности.

Отдел записи актов гражданского состояния вместе с регистрацией браков уделяет особое внимание разъяснению прав и обязанностей, намеченных в нормативно-правовых документах, медицинских, духовно-моральных требований. Подача заявления за один месяц до вступления в брак позволяет проводить с молодыми просветительские беседы. В этот период они принимают участие в занятиях действующего при отделе “Университета семьи”, знакомятся с условиями брака, ответственностью за создание семьи, требованиями медицины и гигиены, моральными критериями. “Университетом семьи” при сотрудничестве с квалифицированными медицинскими работниками, комиссиями по вопросам женщин при сходах граждан махаллей регулярно проводятся мероприятия по предотвращению ранних и родственных браков, что также служит важным фактором укрепления будущих семей. Разъяснительные мероприятия на эти темы организованы и среди учащихся профессиональных колледжей. На мероприятиях с участием пожилых жителей махаллей, медицинских работников молодежи разъяснены закрепленные в Конституции и законах нашей страны права и обязанности членов семьи, моральные и медицинские требования.

Благодаря усилению просветительской и пропагандистской работы среди населения в семьях, где подрастают молодые люди, стали больше обращать внимания на соблюдение требований законодательства о семье и браке. Это заметно по резкому сокращению числа гражданских браков. Большинство молодежи, вступающей в брак по мусульманским обычаям, как правило, не проходит медицинское обследование. В результате не гарантируется создание здоровой семьи, рождение здорового ребенка. Поэтому на встречах и в беседах с населением подробно разъясняются Конституция Республики Узбекистан, нормативно-правовые акты, их суть и значение.

Правовые знания о семье и браке, соблюдение установленных норм – важный аспект, определяющий уровень культуры каждого гражданина и всего общества.


 

ФРАНЦУЗСКИЙ ЭКСПЕРТ: КОНСТИТУЦИЯ УЗБЕКИСТАНА – ОСНОВА ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЙ СТАБИЛЬНОСТИ И ПРОГРЕССА СТРАНЫ

В преддверии празднования 24-годовщины принятия Конституции Республики Узбекистан корреспондент ИА «Жахон» в Париже побеседовал с Почетным президентом Международной ассоциации конституционного права, профессором Дидье Мосом.

- Мне довелось неоднократно посещать вашу замечательную страну, участвовать в международных мероприятиях, посвященных изучению конституционного права и парламентаризма, – поделился собеседник. – Наше сегодняшнее интервью проходит накануне важнейшего события в жизни узбекского народа – выборов нового Президента Республики Узбекистан. При этом следует подчеркнуть, что у экспертов, внимательно изучающих современный Узбекистан, не вызывает сомнения, что транзит власти в республике пройдет без социальных потрясений, а президентские выборы состоятся в строгом соответствии с Конституцией страны и Законом «О выборах Президента Республики Узбекистан».

Основной закон страны, разработанный на основе передового мирового конституционного опыта, традиций и менталитета узбекского народа, закрепила его демократический выбор.

Благодаря принятой в 1992 году Конституции страны был создан и значительно укрепился институт парламентаризма, сформирован и успешно функционирует двухпалатный парламент, роль которого в политическом и социальном развитии общества все более повышается.

Благодаря Конституции в Узбекистане осуществляется эффективное взаимодействие органов законодательной и исполнительной власти, поэтапная реализация масштабных демократических и социально-экономических, судебно-правовых реформ. Этот фундаментальный документ обеспечивает эволюцию и поступательное развитие страны на основе демократического выбора узбекского народа. Он дает гражданам республики уверенность в завтрашнем дне.

Хотел бы также особо отметить важную роль Конституции Узбекистана в сохранении и укреплении в стране обстановки мира и стабильности, межнационального и межконфессионального согласия.

Убежден, что Узбекистан, основываясь на прочном фундаменте Конституции, разработанной под руководством первого Президента Ислама Каримова, будет и дальше эффективно реализовывать свой потенциал для дальнейшего развития, прогресса и благополучия.

Пользуясь случаем, хотел бы поздравить узбекский народ, всех своих коллег в Ташкенте, Самарканде, Бухаре, Ферганской долине, где мне ранее довелось побывать, с 24-годовщиной принятия Конституции и пожелать дальнейших успехов в демократическом развитии, благополучия и процветания!


 

ГАРАНТ НАШИХ ПРАВ, СВОБОД, БЛАГОСОСТОЯНИЯ

Профессиональные союзы выражают и защищают социально-экономические права и интересы работников. 

Из статьи 59 Конституции Республики Узбекистан.

В Совете Федерации профсоюзов Узбекистана состоялось духовно-просветительское мероприятие, посвященное 24-летию принятия Конституции Республики Узбекистан.

На мероприятии отмечалось, что проводимая в стране работа по обеспечению права каждого человека на труд, свободный выбор профессии, работу в благоприятных условиях труда дает позитивные результаты.

Закрепленные Основным Законом демократические принципы – гуманизм, справедливость – служат основным фактором обеспечения прав и интересов граждан, создания для них достойных условий жизни и труда, повышения творческо-интеллектуального потенциала.

Закрепленные в Конституции нормы играют важную роль в совершенствовании направлений деятельности профсоюзов. В частности, с целью усиления защиты социально-экономических интересов и прав работников различных сфер в сфере труда на основе социального партнерства в ряд важных документов внесены положения о льготах и гарантиях по усилению защиты интересов женщин и молодежи. В результате проведения системных мероприятий по предотвращению трудовых травм и профессиональных заболеваний на основе коллективных договоров и соглашений в этом направлении достигаются позитивные показатели.

В трудовых коллективах первичными профсоюзными комитетами в системном порядке проводятся “Часы духовности”, способствующие повышению правовой культуры молодежи, ее активности, защите от духовных угроз.

На мероприятии участники получили ответы на вопросы о трудовых отношениях.


 

КОНСТИТУЦИЯ – ОСНОВНОЙ ЗАКОН НАШЕЙ ЖИЗНИ

…Наш школьный учитель права на первом же своем уроке сказал, что мы должны досконально знать Конституцию Республики Узбекистан. Тогда мы не вполне осознали важность этого… 

Учитель говорил, что, зная Конституцию, мы будем знать свои права, что на ней основываются все законы и решения, принимаемые в нашей стране, знание Основного Закона будет полезно во всех сферах, на протяжении всей нашей жизни.

Школьные годы позади, мы получили образование, приобрели профессию, нашли свое место в жизни, достигли определенных успехов. И все это благодаря тому, что знаем свои права и обязанности.

Государство, руководствуясь Конституцией, предоставило нам множество прав, создало широкие условия, гарантировало нашу защиту. Мы, выполняя свои обязанности, отвечаем на эту заботу, вносим свой вклад в созидание и обеспечение благополучия в стране.

Действительно, принципы Конституции проявляются в каждой сфере, на каждом шагу.

Когда на глаза попадается политическая карта мира, невольно ищем на ней Узбекистан. Гордимся тем, что занимаем свое место в мире, живем в независимом государстве. И вспоминаем закрепленные в Конституции положения: “Узбекистан – суверенная демократическая республика”, “Республика Узбекистан является полноправным субъектом международных отношений”, “Государственная граница и территория Узбекистана неприкосновенны и неделимы”.

У нас многонациональный народ. Представители различных национальностей живут в мире и согласии, плечом к плечу трудятся в различных сферах. Уважают традиции и обычаи друг друга.

Это – благодаря заложенным в Основном Законе принципам: “Народ Узбекистана составляют граждане Республики Узбекистан независимо от их национальности”, “Республика Узбекистан обеспечивает уважительное отношение к языкам, обычаям и традициям наций и народностей, проживающих на ее территории, создание условий для их развития”.

Все мы стремимся к поставленным перед собой целям, живем с благими устремлениями. Закрепленные в Конституции экономические и социальные права помогают нам достичь намеченных рубежей. Каждый имеет право учиться, приобретать профессию, трудиться, быть собственником.

Все чаще мы слышим и видим, как наша молодежь достигает больших успехов на международных олимпиадах. Гордимся, узнав, что наши ученые изобрели что-то новое, и при этом невольно вспоминаем положение Конституции о том, что “Государство заботится о культурном, научном и техническом развитии общества”.

Каждый может работать в той сфере, которая соответствует его интересам, знаниям и способностям. Дехканин выращивает богатый урожай, предприниматель производит продукцию и оказывает услуги. Поэтому на наших рынках царит изобилие, есть все необходимое для наших потребностей. Это потому, что “Основу экономики Узбекистана, направленной на развитие рыночных отношений, составляет собственность в ее различных формах. Государство гарантирует свободу экономической деятельности, предпринимательства и труда с учетом приоритетности прав потребителя, равноправие и правовую защиту всех форм собственности”.

Подобных примеров множество. Учитель оказался прав: деятельность всех сфер и систем в нашей стране основывается на Конституции. Все вокруг напоминает нам о ее статьях.

Еще одной, дорогой для нас особенностью Конституции является то, что она служит напоминанием о Первом Президенте. Наш великий глава государства был основным автором Конституции Республики Узбекистан, полностью соответствующей демократическим требованиям и международным критериям.

Пройдут годы, века, но наша Конституция останется незыблемой основой независимости страны, нашей мирной и благополучной жизни. И через сотни лет дети Узбекистана, читая ее, будут вспоминать своего великого предка Ислама Каримова, который своими руками писал Основной Закон.


ВАЖНАЯ ОСНОВА РАЗВИТИЯ ГОСУДАРСТВА И ОБЩЕСТВА

В связи с подготовкой к празднованию 24-й годовщины принятия Конституции Республики Узбекистан в общественных организациях, образовательных учреждениях проводятся культурно-просветительские мероприятия, научно-практические конференции, встречи и “круглые столы”. 

Одно из таких мероприятий было организованно в Академии государственного управления при Президенте Республики Узбекистан.

В научно-практической конференции “Конституция Республики Узбекистан – важная основа развития государства и общества” приняли участие члены Сената Олий Мажлиса, депутаты Законодательной палаты, судьи, работники Центра повышения квалификации юристов, профессора и преподаватели, слушатели академии.

Ректор Академии государственного управления при Президенте Республики Узбекистан М.Алиев, председатель Комитета Сената Олий Мажлиса по законодательству и судебно-правовым вопросам Б.Матмуродов и другие отметили, что Конституция нашей страны служит важной правовой основой реализуемых широкомасштабных реформ по демократизации государственного управления, модернизации страны и развития общества.

На конференции отмечалось, что Конституция нашей страны как закон, имеющий высшую юридическую силу, является важным правовым документом, определяющим социально-экономические основы нашего государства, демократические формы его управления. Достигнутые в годы независимости огромные успехи, царящие в нашей стране мир, межнациональное согласие непосредственно связаны с последовательным претворением Основного Закона в нашу жизнь.

– Конституция определяет суверенитет каждой страны, развитие ее государственности, образ жизни граждан, их роль в обществе, – говорит заведующий кафедрой академии Шерзод Зулфикоров. – Разработанная под руководством Первого Президента Республики Узбекистан Ислама Каримова Конституция нашей страны выражает приверженность нашего народа правам человека и идеям государственного суверенитета, определяет надежный путь строительства демократического правового государства, основанного на принципах демократии, гуманизма и социальной справедливости, общепризнанных положениях международного права.

На мероприятии были заслушаны доклады, посвященные конституционным основам поддержки предпринимательской деятельности в условиях либерализации экономики, роли изменений и дополнений, внесенных в Конституцию, в процессе демократизации государственной власти и управления.


 

TO SECURE A BETTER FUTURE

The major outcomes and development prospects in the social sector in Uzbekistan are traditionally summed up on the eve of December 8 – the Constitution Day. Meanwhile, the country’s government has approved several normative acts that are suggestive of upcoming enormous positive transformation in the current year across many key sectors of the national economy. New projects and programs have already been launched, and citizens say they feel the dramatic changes.

Extensive construction

Over 12,000 individual and comfortable standard design houses have been commissioned in new rural settlements in the first nine months of the current year under the national program ‘The Year of Healthy Mother and Child’ and other government schemes to uplift the living standards of population. According to the Ministry of Economy and the State Statistics Committee, 10.1 million square meters of housing, including 7.6 million square meters in rural areas, have been commissioned throughout the republic since the beginning of the year.

453 kilometers of water supply networks, 256 km of gas pipelines, 323 km of electric networks, and 283 sets of transformer substations were installed in the newly built rural residential areas.

Meanwhile, the government approved a program to boost the building of affordable upgraded-design housing in rural areas for 2017-2021. The document has stipulated the prospects for improving the architectural appearance of rural communities, for bolstering the living standards of rural population through the construction of individual standard design housing, for accelerating the introduction of engineering and transport communications and social infrastructure in rural areas.

However, a study has revealed a need for fundamentally new approaches that would provide for higher effectiveness of the construction, taking into account the real needs and purchasing power of the population, as well as the national mentality and living conditions in the countryside.

The government resolution comes up with a new approach to the individual housing construction in rural areas, taking into account the lessons learned. It envisages the implementation of an ambitious program on building affordable residential houses in villages within a five-year period. The upd ated standard designs behind the program fully take into consideration the abovementioned requirements and needs of dwellers, as it was worked out with their views and wishes. In particular, the program envisions the construction of additional three types of individual housing in rural areas, optimal in price parameters and amenities.

The first type envisages the construction of two and three-storey apartment buildings with three or four entrances, with outbuildings and landscaped courtyards. The second type implies single-storey, two- and three-bedroom affordable houses in densely populated areas on two-are plots of land. The third type envisages the construction of two-storey four-room houses, integrated into a single unit of a total area of ​​115 square meters on a four-are plot of land.

Along with that, it is planned to build 415.3 km of water networks, 291.5 km of electricity, 316.9 km of gas networks, 260.3 km of roads, including access and internal roads, as well as 134 objects of social and market infrastructure in new residential areas solely at the expense of budget funds.

Citizens of Uzbekistan will have an opportunity to choose comfort to their liking, which is also getting more affordable. The program of construction of individual standard design housing in rural areas of 2009 envisaged the initial payment of 25%, while the new program envisages only 15% of initial payment for the first and second types of property. This measure will involve more rural people in the affordable housing program. The mortgage loan is granted for 15 years, with a three year grace period and an interest rate of 7% per annum for the first 5 years. In subsequent years, the interest rate of the loan will not exceed the refinancing rate of the Central Bank, which currently stands at 9% per annum.

The development of a draft program of construction of 945 apartment buildings in urban areas in 2017-2020 is currently underway. About 50,000 of 5-, 7- and 9-storey buildings with affordable apartments will be built for low-income families in the city of Tashkent, the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional centers and large cities. Given that the average family consists of four or five people, 75,000 villagers will receive new apartments and houses in 2017, and about 250,000 citizens – in the next four years.

The fact that apartments will be available at a mortgage loan with the half reduced initial fee is the obvious advantage of the housing construction program. The construction of high-rise buildings will be carried out with an eye to peculiarities of each area. For instance, it is envisaged to build seven-storey buildings in Termez, and five-storey buildings – in Gulistan.

A project on the construction of 500 houses in Sergeli district of Tashkent can be considered a kind of a follow-up to the program. Old wooden buildings and vacant lots will be replaced by new buildings.

New Institute to be Established

The family, motherhood and childhood protection system has been streamlined, and the authorities have been shoring up cooperation with civil society organizations in building strong and healthy families in the first nine months of the current year under the national program ‘The Year of Healthy Mother and Child’. The program is funded with more than 6.8 trillion soums and 150 million US dollars from all sources.

Since the beginning of the year, the abovementioned activities included active measures on medical examination of young couples who enter into marriage, vaccination of children against 12 preventable diseases, screening examinations of pregnant women and their provision with free multivitamins.

Meanwhile, the Cabinet of Ministers approved a Resolution ‘On further optimization of the structure of medical organizations and streamlining the remuneration system of healthcare workers of the Republic of Uzbekistan’, which aims to modernize the system of mother and child protection institutions.

In particular, it is planned to establish a research institute to streamline the healthcare system, make medical services more effective and quality, regularly monitor and analyze public health, and assess prospects of development of the healthcare sector. The Ministry of Health schedules to complete the relevant proposals and regulations in the second half of 2017. So far, it is known that the new research institute will be established at the Institute of Health and Medical Statistics of the Ministry of Health. The analysis of operation of the institute and development of specific proposals on how to improve its performance will be conducted in the process of preparations.

Large-scale works on the optimization of the branch network of the Republican Specialized Research Medical Center of Obstetrics and Gynecology are currently underway. Its branches in Nukus, Jizzakh, Namangan and Karshi are reorganized into regional perinatal centers. Thus, each region will have its own perinatal center to provide medical aid to women with pregnancy pathologies. Unification of titles of the institutions and streamlining of their operation will help to further improve their coordination and development.

It is planned to establish new family polyclinics in order to further improve medical care for families and children. According to the Ministry of Health, the project envisages the establishment of two types of clinics. For instance, it is planned to establish children’s dental clinics in all regions. New family polyclinics will be additionally built in the towns with population of over 30,000 citizens.

For Comprehensive Development

Strengthening of logistical capacity of social institutions has been continued under the national program ‘The Year of Healthy Mother and Child’. 919.5 billion soums of capital investments have been disbursed from the beginning of the year for the construction and reconstruction of educational and medical institutions and provision of equipment as part of the measures on further improvement of quality of educational process and health services.

236 secondary schools for a total of 86,300 student seats, two academic lyceums for 1,100 students, 21 vocational colleges for 2,300 students, four hostels for academic lyceums and vocational colleges for 550 beds, 24 medical institutions, 15 music and art schools, 232 children’s sports and other facilities have been commissioned since the beginning of the year.

201.3 billion soums of the extra-budget Fund for Development of Logistical Capacity of Higher Educational Institutions have been disbursed for the construction and reconstruction of higher education institutions. Children’s Sports Development Fund has invested a total of 285.5 billion soums in the construction and reconstruction of sports facilities. The two funds have built a platform for further improvement of performance of the key institutions in the education system. Looking ahead, it would be appropriate to mention the ongoing work on the development of two programs, which are deemed to se t the priorities for the sector for the next five years.

The Ministry of Public Education is currently working on a program on the development of preschool education. It promises to be much more effective than the current range of measures that are financed from the budgets of local administrations. The new program will be funded from the government budget, suggesting a successful implementation.

As commented by the Ministry of Public Education, the program envisages not just overhaul and reconstruction of existing nursery schools, but also the construction of new schools, and provision of modern appliances and toys. The program attaches importance to the increase of children attending nursery schools, as well as to support for the parents whose children do not attend nursery schools.

Another program is developed by the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education. It is going to be a follow up of the ongoing program on the development of higher education system. Covering more than 20 educational institutions, the program for 2011-2016 has paved the way for scaled strengthening of logistical capacity of universities, active introduction of ICT technologies, revision of staff training in conformity with labor market needs, modernization of retraining and advanced training system for university teachers.

A Responsible Step

Dilorom Faiziyeva,

Member of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis:

The institution of the family plays a very important role in the life of our nation, in the implementation of scaled reforms in all areas of life. It is also essential in upbringing. Inherent in family, intergenerational continuity contributes to the preservation and development of the best traditions, and strengthening of spiritual and moral foundations of society.

The Constitution specifies the family as the basic unit of society, which is entitled to the protection of the society and the state. This provision has been effectively implemented in practice. The Family Code stipulates the provisions that regulate family relations. It reflects such vital issues as the rights of children in the family and responsibilities on financial support of parents, protection of the rights and interests of children deprived of parental care.

Creation of a family is a crucial step that assigns young people to be fully prepared for a new social status, so they should know the law that regulates family relations. Nongovernmental organizations should support young families, since the legal culture of the youth is an asset for protecting their own interests and building a strong and healthy family.

For Healthy Children

Dilorom Ahmedova, Director of the Republican Specialized Research Medical Center of Pediatrics:

In recent years, Uzbekistan has ensured the dynamics raise of quality of pediatric care. Logistical capacity is being strengthened in almost all the institutions of our service. The scale of transformations in each of them is quite large. For instance, over the last five years, our center of therapeutic profile has grown into the largest medical facility that provides bоth therapeutic and surgical treatment. I would like to emphasize that our center provides all the conditions for the introduction of advanced technologies. The cochlear implant surgery is one of them. It enables hearing-impaired or deaf children to prevent disability and develop equally with their healthy coevals. We have modern buildings and medical equipment for that.

Housewarming Celebrations

Khalima Rahimova, resident of Sayram village in Turakurgan district, Namangan region:

My husband and I have long dreamed of our own home. Our dream came true a year and a half ago. Our plans were largely facilitated by the construction of a new residential area Akhsikent-2 in our village. A bank loan empowered us to buy a new comfortable house. Electricity and gas is supplied smoothly. Our residential area is constantly growing with new houses and social infrastructure objects. There is a convenience store, a sewing workshop, school. I believe that housing construction program should be expanded in the future.

Prepared for School

Gulasal Zaynobiddinova,

educator at nursery school №10, Gulistan district of Syrdarya region:

We are pleased to hear about the development of a national program on preschool education. A package of measures was launched a few years ago, so our nursery school was lucky be among the first for overhaul and supplies of new modern toys. Our work has changed dramatically: now children take great interest in classes. I believe that the new program will considerably accelerate the process of strengthening the logistical capacity at nursery schools, and we will get new educational multimedia technologies for educational process.

Home Based Nursing

Khalima Abdulhaeva, patronage nurse of family polyclinic №15, Olmazor district of Tashkent:

The attitude to the home-based nursing has changed with the development of family medicine or general practice. For instance, I know about the state of health of each resident in 50 houses on the area of my jurisdiction. I pay special attention to children and the elderly, making sure that they undergo medical examinations, receive preventive treatment, and vaccination in case of children, in time. In general, the work of patronage nurses is as difficult as the work of any health worker. Our polyclinic has the largest area of service in the capital, and one of the largest in the country. That is why our team is very optimistic about the initiative of the Ministry of Health on the establishment of additional clinics in densely populated areas. That would bring the primary healthcare closer to population, and improve service quality.


THE FOUNDATION OF OUR HAPPINESS

At the Namangan college of law, specialists are trained in such areas as jurisprudence, legal expert on social security, legal expert on economic activity and management.

At this educational establishment, meetings, intellectual contests and round-table conversations on the subject of “The Constitution is the foundation of our happiness” are being conducted on the occasion of the 24th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

During these events being arranged with the participation of scholars, specialists and law enforcement officers, students are further augmenting their knowledge about the Constitution and other laws of Uzbekistan.


ОСНОВНОЙ ЗАКОН – ПРОЧНЫЙ ПРАВОВОЙ ФУНДАМЕНТ НАШЕЙ НЕЗАВИСИМОСТИ

Корреспондент УзА побеседовала с министром юстиции Республики Узбекистан Музрафом Икрамовым о Конституции, законотворчестве и деятельности органов юстиции в этом направлении.

– После обретения нашей страной государственной независимости одной из первоочередных задач было создание законодательных основ, обеспечивающих гарантии прав и свобод граждан, их мирной и благополучной жизни, – говорит М.Икрамов. – Под руководством основателя нашей независимости и при непосредственном участии Первого Президента Ислама Каримова усилиями ученых и специалистов различных сфер на основе глубокого анализа зарубежного опыта была создана всесторонне продуманная, полностью отвечающая интересам нашего народа и международным стандартам Конституция Республики Узбекистан.

Основной Закон является уникальным документом огромного исторического значения, в нем закреплены важные основы формирования суверенного демократического правового государства и справедливого гражданского общества, принципы приверженности правам человека, обеспечения мирной жизни граждан и межнационального согласия. Самое важное, что его положения открыли широкий путь для поэтапных и последовательных социально-экономических, политико-правовых реформ в нашей стране.

Жизнеутверждающее значение нашей Конституции обусловлено тем, что ее нормы опираются на многовековые традиции и ценности, богатое историко-правовое наследие нашего народа. Наш Основной Закон также воплотил в себе лучший опыт демократических государств в области конституционного строительства, обеспечения и защиты прав, интересов и свобод человека, отраженные во Всеобщей декларации прав человека и других международных документах, принятых в данной сфере.

Прошедший период полностью подтвердил, что Конституция нашей страны является документом, полностью отвечающим общепризнанным демократическим ценностям, способным обеспечить всестороннюю защиту интересов народа и способствующим утверждению справедливости в обществе.

– Расскажите, пожалуйста, о значении принятых на основе Конституции законов, практике использования конституционных принципов в законотворческом процессе.

– В Конституции нашей страны определены национально-правовые нормы формирования основ нового политического и государственного устройства, прежде всего, законодательной системы нашего независимого государства. За минувший период в соответствии с нормами Конституции парламентом Узбекистана был создан целостный правовой механизм.

В этом процессе особое внимание уделяется законотворчеству, что служит обеспечению качества и эффективности принимаемых законодательных актов. Чем продуманнее, точнее и лаконичнее законы, тем легче их претворять в жизнь. Следует отметить, что в нашей стране проводится широкомасштабная работа по совершенствованию законотворческого процесса и законодательной техники, сформирована необходимая для этого правовая база. Такие законы, как “О порядке подготовки проектов законов и их внесения в Законодательную палату Олий Мажлиса Республики Узбекистан”, “О всенародном обсуждении проектов законов”, нацелены на то, что каждый разрабатываемый закон служит развитию нашей страны.

Актуальное значение имеет создание новых и более эффективных механизмов обеспечения законности в этой сфере, соответствия принимаемых нормативно-правовых актов действующему законодательству, а также потребностям экономических, социальных и политических реформ. Важным руководством к действию в этом направлении служит принятый 24 декабря 2012 года Закон Республики Узбекистан “О нормативно-правовых актах” в новой редакции.

В соответствии с требованиями этого закона разрабатываемые в нашей стране проекты законов проходят полную правовую, экономическую, финансовую, экологическую и иную экспертизу. В частности, в ходе правовой экспертизы проверяется соответствие проектов нормативно-правовых актов нормам Конституции. В ней закреплено, что ни один закон или иной нормативно-правовой акт не может противоречить нормам и принципам Конституции. Поэтому данный закон, принятый в новой редакции, способствует не только дальнейшему повышению качества нормативно-правовых актов, но и обеспечению их эффективного исполнения.

Министерством юстиции Республики Узбекистан проводится весомая работа по разработке и правовой экспертизе проектов нормативно-правовых актов. За последние три года министерство провело правовую экспертизу около 9,5 тысячи законов и подзаконных актов, направленных на регулирование различных сфер жизни общества, а по состоянию на 1 ноября текущего года – свыше 2 тысяч нормативно-правовых актов.

За последние три года Министерство юстиции зарегистрировало 967 приказов и решений министерств, государственных комитетов и ведомств.

- Какие сферы в основном затрагивают проекты законодательных актов, подготовка и экспертиза которых ведется при участии органов юстиции?

– Органы юстиции проводят правовую экспертизу всех видов нормативно-правовых актов, а также по распоряжению Президента Республики Узбекистан, Кабинета Министров Республики Узбекистан и по своей инициативе разрабатывают проекты законов и других нормативно-правовых актов.

Одним из принципов, закрепленных в Конституции Республики Узбекистан, является неприкосновенность частной собственности и ее защищенность государством. Как гласит статья 53 нашего Основного Закона, основу экономики Узбекистана, направленной на развитие рыночных отношений, составляет собственность в ее различных формах. Государство гарантирует свободу экономической деятельности, предпринимательства и труда с учетом приоритета прав потребителя, равноправие и правовую защиту всех форм собственности.

Эта конституционная норма стала основой для разработки множества законов. В последние годы благодаря динамичному развитию и расширению деятельности предпринимательства внимание к этой сфере еще больше усилилось. Соответственно, совершенствуется и правовая база сферы. Только в 2016 году было принято семь нормативно-правовых актов, еще больше упорядочивающих деятельность субъектов предпринимательства.

В эти дни наша страна стоит на пороге важного общественно-политического события – выборов Президента Республики Узбекистан. Во главе с Центральной избирательной комиссией проведена большая подготовка к их проведению в соответствии со всеми демократическими требованиями. Предстоящие 4 декабря текущего года выборы Президента проходят не только в новых общественно-политических условиях, но и в соответствии с новыми законодательными нормами.

Принятием Закона “О внесении изменений и дополнений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Узбекистан” от 29 декабря 2015 года достигнуто дальнейшее совершенствование законодательства о выборах. Этим законом введены новые нормы в Закон “О выборах Президента Республики Узбекистан”. В соответствии с ними определена возможность образования избирательных участков и в местах содержания под стражей.

Закон был дополнен новыми нормами для конкретного определения видов, форм и методов предвыборной агитации. В соответствии с дополнением, внесенным в законодательство, предвыборная агитация может проводиться в форме публичных дебатов, дискуссий, пресс-конференций, интервью, выступлений, собраний избирателей, размещения роликов о кандидате в Президенты Республики Узбекистан. В ходе избирательной кампании эти нормы полностью соблюдаются.

- Какие меры принимаются для доработки нормативно-правовых актов в соответствии с требованиями времени?

– Органы юстиции на системной основе изучают нормотворческую практику органов государственного управления и государственной власти на местах, постоянное внимание уделяют устранению выявленных недостатков. Работникам юридических служб органов государственной власти и управления на местах оказывается методическая и практическая помощь для устранения недостатков. В ходе изучения их нормотворческой деятельности широко налажена практика проведения выездных семинаров, что позволяет решать имеющиеся проблемы на месте.

Следует отметить, что органы государственной власти на местах являются активным субъектом нормотворчества, принимаемые ими решения нормативно-правового характера должны соответствовать законодательству и реалиям общества. Этим вопросам уделяется серьезное внимание. Органы юстиции оказывают всю необходимую помощь хокимиятам. В результате совместных мер налажен механизм регулярного представления проектов нормативно-правовых решений в органы юстиции для проведения правовой экспертизы.

В целом Конституция Республики Узбекистан и принимаемые на ее основе законодательные акты служат прочным правовым фундаментом для построения демократического правового государства и сильного гражданского общества, дальнейшего развития нашей Родины и повышения благополучия народа.


МОЛОДЕЖЬ ИЗУЧАЕТ КОНСТИТУЦИЮ

В академическом лицее №1 при Нукусском государственном педагогическом институте в современных условиях обучаются 1067 юношей и девушек. 

В образовательном учреждении уделяется особое внимание повышению правовой культуры учащихся, на занятиях молодежь подробно знакомится с сутью и зачением Конституции.


ПРАВОВАЯ ОСНОВА БЛАГОПОЛУЧИЯ НАРОДА

В образовательных учреждениях, махаллях, на предприятиях и в организациях Ферганской области проводятся духовно-просветительские мероприятия в связи с 24-летием Конституции Республики Узбекистан. 

В мероприятии в Куштепинском агропромышленном профессиональном колледже приняли участие члены республиканской пропагандистской группы – известные ученые, писатели и поэты, актеры театра и кино, деятели искусства из столицы.

В ходе встречи, прошедшей в духе открытого диалога, отмечалось, что Конституция служит главным правовым документом для обеспечения развития страны и благополучия народа, построения правового демократического государства и свободного гражданского общества. Принципы, закрепленные в нашем Основном Законе, являются правовой базой осуществляемых во всех сферах последовательных реформ, принимаемых законов и нормативно-правовых актов.

– Основной Закон является руководством к действию для дальнейшего укрепления защиты прав человека, гражданского мира и межнационального согласия, устойчивого развития национальной экономики, повышения благополучия населения, – говорит руководитель областного отделения Республиканского центра духовности Ф.Зохидов. – Ярким воплощением этого являются строящиеся современные образовательные учреждения, создаваемые условия для приобретения молодежью профессий, а также достигаемые молодым поколением огромные успехи в науке, культуре, искусстве и спорте.

На мероприятии прозвучали стихи и песни о Родине, мире и независимости. Гостям было рассказано об осуществляемой в районе созидательной и благоустроительной работе, успехах молодежи.


Барометр эффективной работы

“Каждый имеет право как отдельно, так и сообща с другими лицами, обращаться с заявлениями, предложениями и жалобами в компетентные государственные органы, учреждения или к народным представителям”.

Статья 35 Конституции Республики Узбекистан.

Под руководством Первого Президента Узбекистана Ислама Каримова в республике проделана огромная работа по строительству правового демократического общества, основанного на принципах приоритета интересов человека и верховенства справедливости. В рамках нее приняты законы “Об открытости деятельности органов государственной власти и управления” и “Об обращениях физических и юридических лиц”, в реализацию которых активно включилось и Министерство народного образования (МНО).

Эти важнейшие документы служат не только усилению прозрачности работы официальных структур, но и защите прав граждан. А последние все чаще заявляют о себе, о чем свидетельствует растущее число обращений педагогов, родителей и других лиц в МНО. Для взаимодействия с населением создана возможность задать вопрос напрямую его руководству через официальный сайт www.uzedu.uz. 16 января здесь организовали онлайн-встречу с министром, в ходе которой люди в режиме реального времени получили ответы более чем на сотню обращений. Также в регионах регулярно устраивают выездные приемные дни первых лиц МНО. А с 1 июля 2015-го запущен специальный “телефон доверия” с коротким номером 10-06, куда можно позвонить с предложениями, заявлениями и жалобами по всем аспектам. В территориальных органах управления народным образованием тоже появились подобные телефоны и ящики доверия, позволяющие отслеживать положение дел и мнение общественности.

Сфера эта – одна из самых значимых, она затрагивает миллионы детей, а также их семьи и педагогов. Неудивительно, что министерство входит в число лидеров по количеству обращений граждан. С начала года их сюда поступило около двух тысяч. Они рассматриваются в установленном законом порядке, а обозначенные в них проблемы находят свое решение.

Например, житель аульного схода граждан “Шарк юлдузи” Элликкалинского района Каракалпакстана Мухаммаджон Оллабергенов позвонил по “телефону доверия” МНО с жалобой на нарушение права его сына Ботира на обучение. Мальчик с ограниченными физическими возможностями должен получать индивидуальное надомное образование, однако из-за безответственности отдельных сотрудников уроки своевременно не проводились, из-за чего ребенок стал отставать от программы. Устав от волокиты, его отец обратился в министерство. В итоге директору школы N№ 35 И. Жуманиязовой, не сумевшей организовать учебу Ботира на должном уровне, объявлен строгий выговор. Мальчику созданы все условия для получения знаний наравне со сверстниками, ему доставлена нужная литература и принадлежности.

Фотима Джураева из Ташкента беспокоилась из-за устройства ее ребенка в дошкольное учреждение N№ 304 Юнусабадского района. Там тянули с оформлением документов, а после обращения все сделали в течение одной недели.

Знакома была эта история и Исторе Юсуповой из Чирчика. Для своего сына она получила в городском отделе методического обеспечения и организации деятельности учреждений народного образования направление в детсад N№ 31. Но заведующая дошкольным учреждением затягивала с приемом под разными предлогами. Женщина намаялась обивать пороги детсада и позвонила по “телефону доверия”. Проблему быстро решили в ее пользу.

А Зилола Рахимова просила открыть в Сергелийском районе столицы бесплатный кружок художественной гимнастики, куда она могла бы отдать дочку. Вскоре ребенка приняли в местную детско-юношескую спортивную школу, где как раз есть такое направление.

Большое внимание уделяется государством обеспечению школ учебной литературой. Но отдельные директора и библиотекари недостаточно серьезно относятся к этому вопросу, а потому неправильно и с задержкой формируют заявки на пополнение фонда. Из-за этого учебников может хватать не всем ребятам, что вызывает справедливые нарекания со стороны самих детей, их родителей и наставников. Подобную проблему поднял в своем обращении Нодирбек Жумаев из Мирзаабадского района Сырдарьинской области.

– Моя дочка Нозима – шестиклассница в государственной специализированной общеобразовательной школе-интернате N№ 6 с углубленным изучением английского языка, – рассказал он. – Из-за неправильно поданной школой заявки ей достались не все необходимые учебники, а наши неоднократные просьбы исправить ситуацию оставались неуслышанными директором. Дочка ходила расстроенная. Увидев по телевизору объявление о “телефоне доверия” Министерства народного образования, позвонил по нему. Это была наша последняя надежда, и она оправдалась! Вскоре Нозима получила полный комплект учебников, чему мы очень рады.

Стоит заметить, что многие вопросы можно было прояснить и на локальном уровне, однако этого не происходило. Причина в том, что некоторые ответственные работники и руководители учреждений нерадиво исполняли свои должностные обязанности, проявляли невнимание к юному поколению и его наставникам. С такой проблемой столкнулась учительница английского языка школы N№ 7 Шахриханского района Андижанской области Орзигул Ахмедова. Она подала в МНО жалобу, что не может добиться 30-процентной надбавки к окладу, установленной постановлением Первого Президента страны Ислама Каримова “О мерах по дальнейшему совершенствованию системы изучения иностранных языков” тем сельским наставникам, которые успешно прошли испытания в Государственном центре тестирования и которым выданы соответствующие сертификаты. Администрация школы представила необходимые документы, но получила отказ от экономиста районного финансового отдела. В результате проверки женщине выплачена вся сумма, причитавшаяся ей еще с марта.

Житель Яшнабадского района Ташкента Юсуф Ходжабоев позвонил с жалобой от имени своей супруги. Матлюба Хотамова, преподававшая математику в школе N№ 30, ушла в декрет, однако на протяжении трех месяцев ей не выплачивали положенных денег. После изучения вопроса выяснилось, что главный бухгалтер общеобразовательного учреждения по какой-то причине потеряла представленные ею документы. Проблему разрешили – в октябре М. Хотамовой выплатили полагавшиеся 2,343 млн сумов (курс ЦБ РУ на 28.11.2016, 1$= 3157.50 сум), а бухгалтеру вынесено дисциплинарное взыскание за халатность.

Похожая ситуация сложилась у Мавлуды Махмаражабовой из махалли “Мирзо Улугбек” Дехканабадского района Кашкадарьи. Сотрудница информационно-ресурсного центра школы N№ 71 взяла отпуск по беременности еще в мае, но и через два месяца не получила пособия. Девушка стала выяснять причину, и тут началась чехарда: директор отправлял ее к бухгалтеру, тот – в финотдел, а там – снова в школу. Когда терпению настал предел, 19 сентября она обратилась в МНО, а уже 23-го на ее банковскую карточку перечислили всю сумму.

Сложности возникли и у Охунжона Хужакулова, преподающего физическую культуру в самаркандской школе N№ 66. Зарплату по его письменному заявлению направляли на погашение контракта сына – студента Самаркандского государственного университета. Однако, хотя к маю вся сумма была уже выплачена, педагог так и не дождался своего оклада за этот месяц и август. Руководство школы на его вопросы не реагировало. Вызванная обращением наставника в МНО проверка выявила, что эти средства тоже перевели на расчетный счет вуза. Были приняты меры для их возвращения на счет школы и выплаты О. Хужакулову.

Таких примеров можно привести еще немало. Как отмечают в Министерстве народного образования, к сожалению, это говорит о том, что далеко не все руководители всей душой верны профессии, трудятся на совесть, чувствуют ответственность за судьбы вверенных им коллективов и воспитанников, способны создать здоровую обстановку и поддерживать дисциплину в своих учреждениях. Значит, работу в этом направлении необходимо продолжать совершенствовать. А лучшим барометром ее оценки послужат дальнейшая частота и тематика обращений соотечественников.

(Источник: газета «Правда Востока»)


Праздник на улице талантов

“Государство заботится о культурном, научном и техническом развитии общества”.

Из статьи 42 Конституции Республики Узбекистан.

В Кашкадарье завершилось строительство еще двух детских школ музыки и искусства на 150 ученических мест каждая. Объекты возведены в рамках реализации Государственной программы по дальнейшему совершенствованию деятельности детских школ музыки и искусства на 2016-2020 годы. В настоящее время продолжается их оснащение мебелью, учебным оборудованием и инвентарем, музыкальными инструментами, компьютерной и другой оргтехникой.

Обе школы воздвигнуты в сель­ской местности: одна – в селе Джейнов Миришкорского района, вторая – на территории массива Чармгар сельского схода граждан “Богбон” Китабского района.

Школа, где будут обучаться музыке и искусству дети из Джейнова и близлежащих кишлаков, построена на месте ранее пустовавших корпусов бывшего детского сада. Теперь здесь появился современный комплекс, состоящий из трех учебных блоков, просторного вестибюля и концертного зала на 200 мест.

– В капитальной реконструкции этого объекта участвовали 65 высококвалифицированных специалистов, имеющих опыт возведения детских школ музыки и искусства в Дехканабадском, Камашинском и Мубарекском районах, – говорит руководитель подрядной организации – частного предприятия “Карши хужалик хисобидаги таъмирлаш” Баходыр Холиков. – В рамках капитальной реконструкции, начавшейся в марте нынешнего года, помимо кардинальной перестройки и полного обновления трех корпусов бывшего детского сада, осуществлено строительство дополнительных зданий. Благодаря этому, сегодня объект представляет собой единый архитектурный ансамбль и отвечает всем требованиям, предъявляемым к ДШМИ.

В одном из трех учебных блоков новой детской школы музыки и искусства располагаются кабинеты администрации, классы для индивидуальных занятий, а также мастерская по пошиву золотошвейных изделий. Есть здесь мастерские живописи, зал для занятий хора и оркестра, кабинет духовности и просветительства, медпункт, буфет и душевые. В соседнем блоке расположились зал хореографии, мастерские для занятий резьбой по дереву и ганчу, читальный зал и книгохранилище, видеотека, класс компьютерной графики. Эти превосходные условия созданы для овладения учащимися секретами различных видов искусств и техникой игры на музыкальных инструментах, углубленного изучения творчества великих композиторов и художников, повышения музыкальной и общей культуры.

Точно такие же залы и мастерские есть и в другой детской школе музыки и искусства, построенной в нынешнем году в рамках реализации госпрограммы. Однако вторая школа, воздвигнутая на территории сельского массива современного жилья Чармгар в Китабском районе, в корне отличается от новостройки в Джейнов своим внешним видом. Она представляет собой одно величественное здание, в котором разместились и концертный зал на 200 мест, и кабинеты, и мастерские.

Возведение его за сравнительно короткий срок – всего восемь месяцев, стало возможным, благодаря опыту, накопленному областными специалистами в сфере строительства социальных объектов и современного жилья, а также наличию всех видов спецтехники и стройматериалов собственного производства.

Новая детская школа музыки и искусства на массиве Чармгар – второе подобное учреждение в Китаб­ском районе. Первое – ДШМИ N№ 10, расположенная в районном центре, капитально реконструирована и оснащена необходимыми инструментами, оборудованием и инвентарем в рамках Государственной программы укрепления материально-технической базы и дальнейшего улучшения деятельности детских школ музыки и искусства на 2009-2014 годы. Сейчас там работают 45 высококвалифицированных специалистов, которые обучают 243 учащихся по 13 направлениям.

– За последние пяти-шести лет количество девочек и мальчиков, обучающихся в нашей школе, выросло более чем в полтора раза, – подчеркивает директор школы Наргиза Шарипова. – Это в первую очередь связано с ростом уровня благосостояния населения и повышением у людей интереса к музыке и искусству, а также созданием в нашей стране благоприятных условий для более полного раскрытия творческого потенциала детей и дополнительных возможностей для занятий творчеством одаренных мальчиков и девочек из всех слоев населения. Немаловажную роль сыграли и многочисленные победы нашей молодежи на различных международных конкурсах. Завершение строительства в нашем районе еще одной ДШМИ, безусловно, приведет к дальнейшему росту в сельской местности количества детей, обучающихся музыке и искусству.

Согласно данным, предоставленным специалистами областного управления народного образования и областного филиала Фонда развития детского спорта, в рамках реализации Государственной программы укрепления материально-технической базы и дальнейшего улучшения деятельности детских школ музыки и искусства на 2009-2014 годы в Кашкадарье построено и капитально реконструировано 18 ДШМИ. Сейчас в них обучаются около 4300 детей.

В соответствии с утвержденной правительством страны адресной программой строительства и реконструкции детских школ музыки и искусства, финансируемых за счет средств Фонда развития дет­ского спорта при Министерстве народного образования Республики Узбекистан на 2015 год, завершена капитальная реконструкция ДШМИ N№ 20 на 150 мест в Шахрисабзе.

Всего в рамках реализации Государственной программы по дальнейшему совершенствованию деятельности детских школ музыки и искусства на 2016-2020 годы, в ближайшие пять лет в Кашкадарье предусмотрено построить и капитально реконструировать 13 детских школ музыки и искусства. Каждая ДШМИ будет обеспечена современными учебными оборудованием и инвентарем, литературой и методическими пособиями нового поколения, в том числе в мультимедийной форме, сборниками нот и клавирами произведений отечественных и зарубежных композиторов, а также качественными наглядными материалами.

(Источник: газета «Правда Востока»)


КОНСТИТУЦИЯ – ВОПЛОЩЕНИЕ ВЫСШЕЙ ВОЛИ НАРОДА

Научно-практическая конференция под таким названием прошла в Навои. Мероприятие посвящено 24-летию Конституции Республики Узбекистан. 

В конференции, организованной областным отделением Республиканского центра духовности и Навоийским государственным педагогическим институтом, приняли участие правоведы, профессора и преподаватели, заместители директоров общеобразовательных школ, академических лицеев и профессиональных колледжей города Навои и Карманинского района, молодежь.

Отмечалось, что Основной Закон нашей страны служит важной правовой основой для обеспечения прав и интересов человека, укрепления мира и спокойствия, межнациональной дружбы и согласия, повышения эффективности осуществляемых реформ по устойчивому развитию экономики и повышению благосостояния населения.

– Конституция является прежде всего гарантией нашей свободы и независимости, – говорит руководитель Навоийского областного отделения Республиканского центра духовности У.Сафаров. – В Основном Законе закреплено, что все граждане Узбекистана имеют одинаковые права и свободы без различия национальности, языка, религии и социального происхождения. Каждый имеет право на образование, квалифицированную медицинскую помощь. В преддверии 24-летия Конституции нашей страны на предприятиях, в организациях, махаллях и образовательных учреждениях проводятся различные мероприятия, в которых активно участвуют все слои населения, особенно молодежь.

На мероприятии заслушаны доклады об изучении и широкой пропаганде сути и значения Конституции Республики Узбекистан, ее роли в развитии нашей страны. Участники получили от специалистов подробные ответы на интересовавшие их вопросы.


КОНСТИТУЦИЯ ГЛАЗАМИ МОЛОДЕЖИ

В Законодательной палате Олий Мажлиса Республики Узбекистан состоялся «круглый стол» на тему «Конституция глазами молодежи», организованный Комитетом по демократическим институтам, негосударственным организациям и органам самоуправления граждан и посвященный 24-й годовщине принятия Основного закона страны. 

В центре внимания участников мероприятия были такие вопросы, как повышение уровня знаний молодежи о Конституции Республики Узбекистан и ее правовой культуры, формирование самостоятельного мышления и сознательного отношения к политическим процессам, широкое разъяснение сути и значения проводимых реформ, усиление чувства уважения к Конституции и законам — словом, формирование у молодежи активной гражданской позиции.

Отмечалось, что Основной закон страны является программным документом в осуществлении широкомасштабных реформ во всех сферах, обеспечении последовательного развития всех сфер и реализации благородных целей, воплощающих в себе общенациональные и общечеловеческие идеи.

Выступившие особо остановились на роли и значении Конституции в нашей жизни. Рассказывалось, что каждая ее статья служит интересам людей, созданию возможностей для получения образования и профессии, проявления своих способностей и таланта. В годы независимости забота о молодежи возведена в ранг государственной политики. С учетом того, что в настоящее время более 60 процентов населения страны составляют молодые граждане, предпринимаются широкомасштабные меры, направленные на гарантирование государством их жизненных интересов — таких, как трудо-устройство по полученной специальности, охрана здоровья, обеспечение жильем.

Сегодня в более чем 70 высших учебных заведениях, полутора тысячах профессиональных колледжей и академических лицеев, около 10 тысяч общеобразовательных школ и почти пяти тысячах дошкольных образовательных учреждений обучаются более семи миллионов представителей подрастающего поколения. Талантливые воспитанники детско-юношеских спортивных школ, колледжей олимпийского резерва и школ высшего спортивного мастерства прославляют Узбекистан в мировом масштабе.

В ходе «круглого стола» подчеркивалось, что нормы Конституции о молодежи нашли свое отражение в ряде законодательных актов. Так, принят ряд законов, касающихся вопросов детей и подростков, ратифицированы соответствующие международные документы.

Работа с молодежью, являясь приоритетным направлением государственной политики, находится в центре внимания парламента страны. В Законе Республики Узбекистан «О государственной молодежной политике», подписанном 14 сентября текущего года, раскрыты цели и принципы молодежной политики, вопросы правовой и социальной защиты юных граждан страны, осуществления государственной поддержки одаренной молодежи.

В мероприятии приняли участие депутаты нижней палаты парламента, профессорско-преподавательский состав и студенты Университета мировой экономики и дипломатии, активисты общественного движения молодежи «Камолот», представители средств массовой информации.


МОЛОДЕЖЬ В АВАНГАРДЕ ИСКУССТВА

“Каждому гарантируется свобода научного и технического творчества, право на пользование достижениями культуры. Государство заботится о культурном, научном и техническом развитии общества”.

Статья 42 Конституции Республики Узбекистан.

Аспекты художественного образования, основанные на богатом духовном и историческом наследии народа, приверженности национальным и общечеловеческим ценностям, с первых лет независимости являются приоритетными направлениями государственной политики Узбекистана. Именно эта область закладывает основы развития культуры страны в будущем, ее приоритетные направления, ценностные ориентиры для всего общества.

На основе Закона “Об образовании”, Национальной программы по подготовке кадров проведена большая работа по обеспечению сферы высококвалифицированными специалистами в области театрального, музыкального, изобразительного, прикладного, циркового искусств, кино и телевидения, способных обеспечить бережное сохранение и развитие традиций.

Важным шагом в развитии национального изобразительного искусства, многоступенчатой системы художественного образования стало создание Указом Первого Президента нашей страны Ислама Каримова Академии художеств Узбекистана. В нее вошли 13 лицеев изобразительного и декоративного искусства республики, три художественных колледжа и Национальный институт художеств и дизайна имени Камолиддина Бехзода. Причем в областных центрах художественные лицеи выступают не только как образовательные учреждения, но и своеобразные очаги культуры, в которых проходят творческие встречи с художниками и народными мастерами, проводятся выставки и мастер-классы. В Национальном институте художеств и дизайна студенты обучаются по таким направлениям, как дизайн костюма и художественное решение ткани, искусствоведение, музееведение, консервация и хранение художественных памятников, станковая, монументальная живопись, компьютерная графика, художественная фотография и другим. Многие выпускники института стали извест­ными и заслуженными мастерами искусств и культуры, преподавателями вузов и других специальных учебных заведений.

Опираясь на вековые традиции народа в годы независимости обрела новые грани и направления, расширила границы сотрудничества на международной арене музыкальная палитра Узбекистана. В стране создана великолепная база для обучения юных талантов. Во всех регионах построены детские школы музыки и искусства, оснащенные новыми музыкальными инструментами, дворцы культуры, колледжи и лицеи по направлениям искусства, в современном здании действует Государственная консерватория Узбеки­стана. В ней высокопрофессиональные педагоги обучают молодежь по направлениям вокальное искусство (академическое, традиционное, эстрадное), дирижирование, инструментальное исполнительство, музыкальная звукорежиссура, искусствоведение и другим. Огромным подспорьем в этом стали постановления Первого Президента Узбекистана Ислама Каримова “О Государственной программе укрепления материально-технической базы и дальнейшего улучшения деятельности дет­ских школ музыки и искусства на 2009-2014 годы” от 8 июля 2008 года и “О Государственной программе по дальнейшему совершенствованию деятельности детских школ музыки и искусства на 2016-2020 годы” от 20 ноября 2015 года.

Один из самых молодых и динамично развивающихся вузов, в деятельности которого сочетаются традиционные методы преподавания и инновационные подходы к обучению и воспитанию, – Государственный институт искусств и культуры Узбекистана. Он создан постановлением Первого Президента нашей страны Ислама Каримова от 4 июня 2012 года для дальнейшего совершенствования и кардинального повышения уровня и качества подготовки высококвалифицированных специалистов в области актерского мастерства, режиссуры, искусствоведения, театроведения, звукорежиссуры, операторского мастерства, народного творчества, управления учреждениями культуры и искусств в сфере театра, кино, телевидения, народного творчества. Это уникальное высшее учебное заведение, в котором органично сочетаются наука и искусство, творческая деятельность и прикладные технологии. После завершения работ по строительству новых и реконструкции ранее существовавших зданий, институт стал обладателем уникального учебного городка, на территории которого возведены учебный театр, творческие мастерские, информационно-ресурсный центр, студенческие общежития, спортивный комплекс.

В выявлении и реализации способностей талантливой молодежи Узбекистана огромную роль также играет Республиканский эстрадно-цирковой колледж – единственное подобное учебное заведение в регионе, где созданы все условия для получения глубоких профессиональных знаний в области циркового и театрального искусства. Готовить квалифицированных специалистов здесь позволяет эффективная учебная программа, разработанная с учетом передовых педагогических технологий.

Подтверждая достижения системы художественного образования, талантливая молодежь нашей страны принимает активное участие в различных международных фестивалях и конкурсах искусств, занимает призовые места, получает престижные премии. Благодаря этому с каждым годом Узбекистан все активнее заявляет о себе как государство с богатым и самобытным искусством, укрепляет свой статус одного из крупных культурных центров современного мира.


СОХРАНИТЬ ДЛЯ ГРЯДУЩИХ ПОКОЛЕНИЙ

Граждане обязаны оберегать историческое, духовное и культурное наследие народа Узбекистана. Памятники культуры охраняются государством.

Статья 49 Конституции Республики  Узбекистан

За годы независимости в стране реализованы масштабные меры по сохранению и возрождению бесценного исторического и культурного наследия. Создана прочная правовая база, направленная на обеспечение защиты объектов культурного наследия, являющихся общенациональным достоянием народа Узбекистана.

В их числе законы «О вывозе и ввозе культурных ценностей», «Об охране и использовании объектов культурного наследия», «Об охране и использовании объектов археологического наследия» и другие. Узбекистан ратифицировал Всемирную конвенцию о защите культурного и природного наследия, Международную конвенцию о защите нематериального культурного наследия.   На основе этих документов разработана система правовых, организационных, финансовых, информационных, материально-технических и иных мер.

На сегодняшний день свыше 7 340 объектов материального культурного наследия находятся под защитой государства. Из Государственного бюджета выделяются значительные средства на их ремонт и реставрацию. В 2014 году на эти цели было направлено 9,5 миллиарда сумов. В 2015 году этот показатель составил 11,5 миллиарда сумов, а в нынешнем — вырастет до 21 миллиарда сумов. В 2017 году на реконструкцию объектов материального культурного наследия будет направлено не менее 25 миллиардов сумов.

За прошедшие годы Главным научно-производственным управлением по защите и использованию объектов материального культурного наследия Министерства по делам культуры и спорта отреставрировано и благоустроено свыше тысячи архитектурных комплексов, археологических объектов, достопримечательных мест и памятников.  В их числе мавзолей Амира Темура, ансамбль Регистан и мечеть Биби-Ханум в Самарканде, исторические комплексы Дорут-Тиловат и Дорус-Саодат в Шахрисабзе.  На их капитальный ремонт, помимо бюджетных средств, были привлечены добровольные пожертвования спонсорских организаций и частных лиц.

К знаменательным датам отреставрированы сотни исторических достопримечательностей Бухары, Хивы, Шахрисабза, Самарканда, Карши, Ташкента и Маргилана. Самые значимые из них внесены в Список всемирного культурного наследия ЮНЕСКО. Это комплекс Ичан-кала в Хиве, Исторический центр Бухары, Исторический центр Шахрисабза, «Перекресток культур — Самарканд».

В Узбекистане регулярно проводятся международные семинары с участием зарубежных экспертов. Совместными усилиями подготовлена карта с указанием местностей, где проходил Великий шелковый путь, а также карта древнего Термеза.

В целях создания кадастра объектов материального культурного наследия планируется в ближайшей перспективе приобретение современных беспилотников, позволяющих делать снимки 3D. Это также даст возможность определить состояние древних памятников и соооружений.

Специалисты продолжают работу по нахождению, сохранению, популяризации и использованию памятников, мемориальных домов, мест захоронений, отдельных зданий, сооружений, произведений литературы, живописи, декоративно-прикладного и монументального искусства. В это дело активно подключаются органы самоуправления граждан, общественные объединения и волонтеры.


СИЛА ЯЗЫКА – В ЛЮДЯХ

“Государственным языком Республики Узбекистан является узбекский язык”.

Статья 4 Конституции Республики Узбекистан.

Когда узнаешь, что узбекский изучают во многих зарубежных университетах как второй язык, не можешь не гордиться тем, что он у нас есть и мы говорим на нем. Все слова в нашем языке мелодичные и душевные, как и люди, произносящие их. Недаром говорят: “Язык – это зеркало нации”.

Развитие родного языка в соответствии с Конституцией играет большую роль в культуре и традициях нашей страны, поэтому так важно поддерживать и распространять его. Узбекский преподается с первого класса начальной школы и далее на всех этапах общего и высшего образования. Изучается и национальная художественная литература, чтобы иметь возможность познать родную речь всесторонне, оценить ее глубину.

С каждым годом обновляются учебные планы, издаются пособия и книги, учитывающие веяния времени и передовые педагогические технологии. Изучается история формирования языка, его характерные черты и нынешнее состояние. Это, помимо преподавания, является главной задачей кафедры общего языкознания Узбекского государственного университета мировых языков. Наши педагоги уже на первых занятиях рассказывают студентам о том, как формировался и менялся узбекский язык, каков его статус на международном уровне, а также о людях, разговаривающих на нем, и нашей культуре. Ведь прежде чем начинать осваивать какой-либо язык, нужно узнать его корни.

Сотрудники кафедры проводят исследования развития лексики. Тема эта интересная, ведь у многих слов и названий в нашем языке пока нет аналогов, а потому встречаются заимствования. Какие-то из них входят в активную речь, другие, наоборот, исчезают. Таким образом, язык все время меняется, подстраиваясь под своих носителей. А потому еще одним из направлений научной работы наших лингвистов является нахождение связей между государственным и другими языками. Причем вопрос этот занимает и многих коллег из-за рубежа. При встречах на конференциях иностранные ученые часто просят поговорить с ними на узбекском, чтобы просто услышать его тональность, как он звучит.

Аналогии помогают не только больше узнать о разных языках, но и облегчить их восприятие и изучение. Так, например, узбекский имеет точки пересечения с японским и китай­ским. Схожая конструкция построения предложений, звуки и ритм произношения слов – можно найти еще много общего между ними, что поможет в освоении этих языков. Например, в университете работали специалисты из Китая, которые уже спустя год свободно владели узбекским. Сюда приезжают практиковаться и другие их соотечественники, желающие выучить язык Навои, чтобы потом вернуться домой и преподавать его. На вопрос “Почему именно узбек­ский?” они отвечают, что он лучше других поддается изучению благодаря своей структуре и большой схо­жести с родным языком. Другой ученый, прибывший из Японии за фактическим материалом, уже пишет докторскую диссертацию на эту тему. Для него это очень интересное направление, над которым работает с большим удовольствием, раскрывая все новые факты связи двух языков.

На кафедре также трудится извест­ный методист – профессор Хадича Мухиддинова, один из немногих в республике разработчиков учебников по узбекскому для академических лицеев и профессиональных колледжей. Сейчас на ее счету уже десять изданных пособий, и она продолжает готовить новые. Наставница сотрудничает и с иностранными университетами, помогая им в создании учебной литературы по родному языку.

Кстати, наши педагоги преподают узбекский и за рубежом – в качестве второго языка в Государственном институте русского языка имени А. С. Пушкина (Россия). Коллеги, работающие там, не только ведут занятия, но и издают учебные пособия для студентов. Осваивают его и в Китае, США.

Как видим, узбекский язык популярен на международном уровне. Тем важнее поддерживать этот интерес, обучать узбекскому и рассказывать о нем на научных форумах. Пока на нем общаемся, пишем, думаем – он будет жить, совершенствоваться и становиться сильнее.

Придание узбекскому языку статуса государственного ни в коей мере не ущемляет права других языков, что закреплено и в Конституции. Так, например, в нашем вузе обучение ведется и на русском, а также преподаются английский, немецкий, французский, испанский и китай­ский как в качестве специальных предметов, так и дополнительных. В течение года проводятся различные мероприятия, посвященные им. Помимо международного дня европейских языков, здесь отмечаются праздники того или иного народа, устраиваются концерты, а также интеллектуальные конкурсы. Университет вбирает в себя традиции всех народов, так же, как и делится обычаями узбекского.


МОЛОДОЕ ПОКОЛЕНИЕ И КОНСТИТУЦИЯ

В Законодательной палате Олий Мажлиса Республики Узбекистан прошел “круглый стол” на тему “Конституция – глазами молодежи”, посвященный двадцать четвертой годовщине Конституции Республики Узбекистан. 

В мероприятии, организованном по инициативе Комитета нижней палаты парламента по демократическим институтам, негосударственным организациям и органам самоуправления граждан, приняли участие депутаты, молодые ученые, преподаватели и студенты университета мировой экономики и дипломатии, активисты общественного движения молодежи “Камолот”, работники средств массовой информации.

Председатель Комитета Законодательной палаты Олий Мажлиса по демократическим институтам, негосударственным организациям и органам самоуправления граждан А.Саидов и другие отметили, что Основной Закон служит прочной основой для обретения нашей страной достойного места в международном сообществе, обеспечения благополучной жизни народа, счастливого детства и светлого будущего молодежи.

На мероприятии отмечалось, что молодежный вопрос наряду с другими сферами жизни общества возведен в ранг государственной политики, государством проводится широкомасштабная работа по созданию и гарантированию условий для того, чтобы молодежь получала образование, приобретала профессию, осуществляла трудовую деятельность в соответствии с полученной специальностью, получала жилье, пользовалась медицинской помощью.

– В годы независимости были приняты 22 закона, 27 указов и постановлений Президента Республики Узбекистан, 46 постановлений Кабинета Министров, 200 нормативно-правовых актов министерств, комитетов и других ведомств, касающиеся защиты интересов и прав детей и молодежи, – говорит депутат Законодательной палаты Олий Мажлиса Иброхим Хожиев. – Кроме того, парламент нашей страны ратифицировал около 10 международных документов по правам детей и молодежи. В Основном Законе предусмотрены необходимые правовые основы для гармоничного воспитания молодого поколения, утверждения здорового образа жизни, приобретения современных профессий, реализации своего таланта и потенциала, обеспечения его прав и свобод.

На мероприятии состоялся обмен мнениями по вопросам усиления социального партнерства образовательных учреждений и институтов гражданского общества для более широкого утверждения демократических принципов и общечеловеческих ценностей в нашей жизни, широкой пропаганды сути и значения Конституции среди молодежи.


YOUNG PEOPLE STUDYING THE COUNTRY’S CONSTITUTION

027de664ef3bc0b58d9b38af42d928e3

 

At Jizzakh’s pedagogical college, 1 thousand 474 students are studying in such areas as primary education, pre-school education, music education, physical training and children’s sports, school clubs and extracurricular activities as well as archives.

All the necessary conditions have been created at this educational establishment for young people to thoroughly acquire knowledge and to learn professions. Advanced teaching techniques are widely used in classes and practice sessions.

Young people are taking an active part in moral enlightenment events entitled “The constitution is the foundation of our happiness” being held at the college on the occasion of the 24th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan as well as in “Are you aware of the law?” intellectual contests.


 

Sergey Lebedev: “Basic Law of Uzbekistan clearly defined long-term course of development of the country”

economic_stability

In anticipation of the 23 th anniversary of the Constitution of Uzbekistan, Chairman of the Executive Committee, CIS Executive Secretary Sergei Lebedev gave an interview to the Jahon information agency and congratulated the Uzbek people on the holiday, to share their views on the current development of our country.

– Basic Law of Uzbekistan clearly defined long-term course of development of the country, on the basis of the higher interests of the state and the people, for the sake of peace, security and prosperity.

Notable in this process is that Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country opened a new stage in the development of Uzbekistan marked the logical continuation of the strategy of democratic reforms in the framework of the fundamental norms of the Constitution.

On the basis of legislative initiatives outlined in the Concept amended to ensure further development and implementation of the constitutional principle of separation of powers and responsibilities between its main actors – the president, parliament, government and courts. This has increased the role and importance of the Oliy Majlis in the government, and strengthened the possibility of the supreme legislative body of the country in the formation of domestic and foreign policy.

Introduced such important institutions as the nomination for the post of the Prime Minister’s political party, which received the largest number of seats in the Legislative Chamber. The Constitution enshrines the right of Parliament to declare a vote of no confidence in the government, and more, which should ensure equal rights and balance in all branches of government.

Cardinal reforms on liberalizing the judicial and legal system have ensured the independence of the judiciary. As part of the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution on the right to life of every human being from January 1, 2008 the country abolished the death penalty.

Consistent implementation of provisions of the Constitution has a positive impact on the economic development of the country. It is remarkable that already in 2001, Uzbekistan was the first among the CIS countries exceeded the level of gross domestic product in 1991. Even in a crisis of 2008-2009, the GDP growth rate reached 8.9 percent.

Information about events in Uzbekistan, about the achievements of the republic can not but rejoice. Uzbekistan is making a major contribution to the development of the Commonwealth of Independent States. As head of the CIS observation mission at the elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan this year, I have seen with my own eyes the positive changes in the country, once again convinced that the elections are conducted in full compliance with the electoral law.

The same conclusions arrived members of the CIS Observation Mission on the results of the last year before the parliamentary elections in Uzbekistan. Elections to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis held on a multiparty basis. The right to nominate candidates for deputies were political parties.

CIS mission has also noted that the election was competitive, transparent, open and ensure the free expression of the will of citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as provided by the Constitution, the anniversary of which today celebrates Republic.

Taking this opportunity to sincerely congratulate the leadership of the republic, all the people of Uzbekistan on the national holiday – Constitution Day!

www.jahonnews.uz


 

Greetings from Singapore

economic_stability

On the eve of the 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the country director of Indorama Corporation Prakash Kejrival sent his congratulations to the Uzbek people:

– Basic Law of Uzbekistan is the main legal document determining the path of development, priorities of its policy. The Constitution enshrines the principles of governance and guarantees for the protection of rights, freedoms and interests.

However, the Constitution of Uzbekistan is an important basis for building a strong civil society, because it enshrines the fundamental rights and duties of the citizen and the state, indicated by the mechanisms of their interaction. In addition, in accordance with the provisions contained therein in the country has established a regulatory framework for the economic activities of small business and private entrepreneurship, aimed at ensuring a guaranteed state protection and inviolability of private property.

On the occasion of the remarkable date of the anniversary of the Constitution, with great pleasure that I congratulate the people of Uzbekistan! I wish the new heights in building a prosperous democratic state and strong civil society.

www.jahonnews.uz

 


Barcelona discussed the role of the Constitution of Uzbekistan in the process of democratic state building

barcelona

The Spanish city of Barcelona hosted a seminar on the 23 anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It was organized by the Embassy of our country in Spain in collaboration with the Institute for Cultural Relations with Asia countries (Casa Asia) and the Ramon Llull University (Barcelona).

The seminar was attended by representatives of the Spanish expert and analytical circles, Ramon Llull University students and teachers.

Participants were provided with detailed information about the historical background of the adoption of our country’s Main Law and its role in the implementation of key reforms in political, economic and social spheres. It was noted that the Constitution of Uzbekistan, which is the basic document of national development, contains the universally recognized principles such as separation of powers, rule of law, commitment to respect and protect human rights and others.

During the discussion, there has been an exchange of views on the role of the Constitution in the modernization of political and economic life in independence years, peace, social stability, inter-ethnic harmony, and full integration of our country into the international community. Workshop participants were interested in the peculiarities of the formation of a multiparty system and democratic elections institution, NGO activities, basic principles of Uzbekistan’s foreign policy. Some of them shared their views in an interview with “Jahon” IA.

– Today, we have learned more about role and importance of the Constitution of Uzbekistan in country’s modern development – said the professor at the University Ramon Llull, Josep Carbonell. – The provisions of the Main Law directed to the process of democratization, as shown by the experience of many countries. I believe that the benchmark for the fundamental principles of the Constitution and democratic values will allow Uzbekistan and its people to overcome the difficult challenges of the transition period, and lay the foundations to develop the rule of law.

In turn, the program director of Casa Asia Institute, Rafael Bueno congratulated the Uzbek people on the landmark date, the 23 anniversary of the Constitution. Spanish expert stressed that the fundamental legal instrument is a guarantee of consistent development, ensuring social, political and economic stability in the country.

– During the seminar, we have also discussed the peculiarities of Uzbekistan at the present stage, which certainly arise from implementation of the key principles enshrined in the Main Law along with the role of the Constitution in building a new state, – summed R.Bueno.

www.jahonnews.uz


 

Posted on November 26, 2015 

“Political and economic stability is an important guarantee for success and prosperity of Uzbekistan”

economic_stability

On the eve of the 23 anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, professor and head of the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the Goethe University of Frankfurt,  Luciano Rezzolla shared his views and assessments in an interview with “Jahon” IA on political, legal and socio-economic reforms carried out in Uzbekistan, as well as the role of Main Law in their implementation.

– The Constitution defines the foundation for state structures’ functioning. This is the legal basis for building a civil society and a guide to achieve the goal of joining the Republic in the number of highly developed countries of the world, stated by the country’s author.

I have been familiar with Uzbekistan for a long time. I am always pleased to visit your beautiful country, where you can witness constant progress and development. It is interesting to observe the processes, taking place in the country, which are changing society and Uzbeks, appearance of towns and villages. More industrial facilities and infrastructure are created.

Speaking about the importance of the Constitution in the implementation of Parliament’s functions, I would like to note that the legislative branch plays an important role in the state’s development and a modern civil society’s formation.

I appreciate measures, taken by Uzbekistan to reform the political and legal sphere, which in particular, provides the transfer of President’s powers to legislative and executive branches. It is a positive step towards the empowerment of the Parliament in the realization of people’s will and desires.

We know that stability in the society can not be provided without freedom of speech, conscience and choice. Needless to say, the achievement of results in this direction can not be immediate; it requires a long time, and the full support of the state. And we see that this approach yields positive results in Uzbekistan.

I would like to say about the great scientific and technical potential of the Republic in the face of youth, who thirst for knowledge and purposeful. Your country will achieve great successes by investing in the younger generation. Political and economic stability, elaborate educational system, wise internal and external policy of the Republic are an important guarantee for success and prosperity of Uzbekistan.

I take this opportunity to congratulate all Uzbek people with the upcoming anniversary of the adoption of the independent state’s Constitution.

www.jahonnews.uz


 

Posted on November 26, 2015 

MPs of UzLiDeP faction meet with voters

mp_uzbek

MPs of UzLiDeP faction in the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis are meeting with voters in their voting district to inform voters on their activities, explain the essence and meaning of adopted laws and about wide-scale reforms conducted in Uzbekistan.Member of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, Head of UzLiDeP faction S. Turdiev met with voters of Shakhrikhan district in Andijan region. The event focused on the ongoing activities devoted to celebrate 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and explain the essence and meaning of decree of the President “On Measures of ensuring reliable protection of private property, small business and private entrepreneurship, removal of barriers for their rapid development” and adopted on its basis law “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan, aimed at further strengthening the reliable protection of private ownership, businesses subjects, removal of barriers to their rapid development” as well as law “On investment and mutual funds” was explained to voters.

It was noted that during the years of independence, the country has carried out systematic work on liberalization of the economy, introduction of market principles and mechanisms of governance, creation of a favorable business climate, eliminating unnecessary bureaucratic barriers and obstacles to the development of private property and private entrepreneurship.

A solid legal framework serves to an effective development of the sphere, which is caused by the need to improve the dynamic development of the market economy, changing of trends in domestic and foreign markets.

At the end of the meeting participants indicated the need for further strengthen the work of party activists and MPs of faction in this direction.

www.uzdaily.com

 


Posted on November 25, 2015 

UzLiDeP: Constitutional guarantees of private ownership and property relations

constitutional_gauranteeExecutive Committee of the Political Council of UzLiDeP and its faction in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis held a round table dedicated to celebrate 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the theme «Constitutional guarantees of private ownership and property relations» on 24 November 2015.

The Constitution is a key factor and provides a solid legal basis for the welfare of the people, all of our achieved success and stable development of the country. Put forward by the head of state the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country become a logical continuation of the ongoing democratic reforms and modernization.

The participants noted that based on the norms of Constitution created a system of State support for small business and private entrepreneurship and over 15 laws and other normative acts to protect the rights of proprietors and entrepreneurs were created in the last years.

As a result, the share of small business and private entrepreneurship in GDP grew from 31 percent in 2000 to 56 percent today. Currently, this sector employs more than 77 percent of the employed population. In the process of large-scale reforms formed the middle class of owners which makes a great contribution to the development of the national economy and creates thousands of new jobs. Adopted decrees and resolutions raised this work to a new level.

For its part, UzLiDeP implements about 10 party projects to improve abovementioned indicators in this direction. Through its projects party helps to create and develop own businesses and create new jobs. In the future, UzLiDeP will continue to support entrepreneurs and business people, and will improve the legislative base for their development.

During the event the participants developed recommendations to strengthen and improve of UzLiDeP work in this direction.

www.uzdaily.com

 


Posted on November 25, 2015 

Learning the Constitution

learning_constitution

Learning the Constitution At the state specialized secondary school №5 in Chartak district of Namangan region special attention is given to increasing legal literacy the youth explaining the nature and significance of the Constitution of our country.

Pupils of this school learn in depth history, the Uzbek language and literature, mathematics and English, as well as successfully participate in competitions of knowledge and Olympiads.

In connection with the 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, competitions and discussions on national legislation held in schools.

www.uza.uz


Posted on November 21, 2015 

UzLiDeP: Constitution and national parliamentarism

parliamentarism

Executive Committee of the Political Council of UzLiDeP and its faction in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis held a round table on the theme “Constitution and National parliamentarism” on 20 November 2015.

The event was attended by MPs of the Legislative Chamber and local councils, representatives of civil society institution, public authorities and management, party electorates, youth, experts, scientists, lawyers, and journalists.

Participants discussed the results achieved in legislation and place of UzLiDeP and its deputies in these processes. It was emphasized that large scale democratic reforms implemented in Uzbekistan are coherent and interrelated. The most important principles are the rule of law, separation of powers and delimitation of their authorities and enhancing the role of civil institutes in the system of governance.

Since the establishment of a bicameral parliament, the legislative power in the Republic of Uzbekistan has risen to a new level in its development, the highest legislative body of the country became a professional, national and representative institution with broad functions and powers. The transition to a new parliamentary model has enhanced the quality of laws, but the legislative process becomes much more complicated.

The subject of the constructive discussions at the round table is the issues of development of parliamentarism in terms of development democratic reforms, and further improves the efficiency of UzLiDeP deputies. It was noted that adopted law «On Amendments to certain articles of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan (articles 78, 80, 93, 96 and 98)» has become a new stage of political modernization, reform and democratization of the country through a balanced distribution of powers among the three subjects of the government – the President, the legislature and the executive.

Within the Concept of further deepening of democratic reforms and formation of civil society in the country UzLiDeP together with the faction and the number of organizations conducts more than 10 projects to implement its program goals and objectives.

At the round table participants have exchanged views about abovementioned discussed issues to improve the party work in this direction.

www.uzdaily.com

 


 

Posted on November 19, 2015 

Constitution – guarantee of huge opportunities for young people

constitution_gaurentee

The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan was adopted on December 8, 1992. The Basic Law of our country plays an important role in ensuring the independence and territorial integrity of our country. These days, UzLiDeP is conducting roundtables, meetings and discussions dedicated to 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

One of such events was organized by the Tashkent City Council of UzLiDeP on the theme “Constitution is the legal basis for the development of our country” with participation of UzLiDeP members and its faction, scientists, legislators, professors and teachers and young people.

They noted that our Constitution provides free general education for young people to get modern knowledge and profession, as well as grow up healthy under state supervision.

– During the years of independence Uzbekistan has adopted about a hundred laws concerning young people – says, student of the Tashkent professional college K. Musayev. – I am proud to note that the government pays great attention to create a solid legal framework for our bright future. Therefore, participants discussed further enhancing respect of youth to our Constitution and the formation of the system of receiving proposals from young people on a draft law.

At the end of the event, the practical proposals for widespread dissemination of ideas and rules of the basic law among the population were taken.

www.uzdaily.com


Posted on November 13, 2015 

Constitution protects property rights and meets the interests of UzLiDeP electorate

protect_property

The regular meeting of the Executive Committee of the Political Council of UzLiDeP was held to discuss the priority tasks of the party arising from the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov on measures for the celebration of 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.It was attended by members of UzLiDeP and its faction in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, MPs of local councils of people’s deputies, representatives of partner organizations and activists of the party.

It was noted at the meeting that the major provisions, principles and goals of the Main Law constitute the foundation for an effective and refined legislative and legal base in the country, of the well-thought-out longer-term program for reforms, democratization and liberalization of the society renowned around the world as the Uzbek Model of Development, and of the cardinal transformation and modernization of the country.

– The constitution is a key factor of the development a strong state and the welfare of the population, – says the Chairman of the Executive Committee of Political Council UzLiDeP S. Turdiyev. – Developed by the President of the country «The Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society» opens a fundamentally new stage of development of the state, representing the strategy of a logical continuation of democratic reforms and modernization in the framework of the Constitution.

The Constitution stipulates that “the economy of Uzbekistan evolving towards market relations is based on various forms of ownership. The state shall guarantee freedom of economic activity, entrepreneurship and labor with due regard for the priority of consumer’s rights, as well as equality and legal protection of all forms of ownership”.

According to the opinions of activists this and other norms of Constitution laid the foundation of mixed market economy, development of small business and private entrepreneurship, formation in the society the middle class – class of owners in our country.

At the event participants underlined that UzLiDeP as a political force expresses the interests and protects the rights of farmers, entrepreneurs and business people has planned to carry out various activities, discussions, scientific and practical conference to explain the ideas and norms of the Constitution among the people across the country and conduct explanatory – propaganda work via its website and publication – “XXI asr”.

At the end of the event relevant decisions on all discussed issues were taken.

www.uzdaily.com


Posted on November 12, 2015 

UzLiDeP: National parliamentarism – in the eyes of youth

national_youthExecutive Committee of the Political Council of UzLiDeP and its faction on November 12 of this year held a practical conversation on the topic “National parliamentarism – in the eyes of youth” within the framework of the party project “My place in parliament” dedicated to celebrate 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

It was noted at the event that during the years of independence in Uzbekistan has made about a hundred laws concerning young people and the cornerstone of rights and guarantees for young people in our country is the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

At the event noted that in the pre-election program of UzLiDeP the issues of improvement of social activeness of youth, provision of professional and creative opportunities, and assistance in the establishment of entrepreneurial activities were identified as foreground objectives of the Party. Therefore, the party has been conducting systematic events on the further enhancement of the knowledge and skills of young people providing them practical help in finding a worthy place in the society.

In particular, UzLiDeP conducted more than 10 party projects in the period 2010-2014, where about 910,000 boys and girls have improved their socio-political, economic and legal knowledge.

One of the brightest party project is “My place in parliament”, which helps to identify new young talent, forming a prospective reserve of young cadres for the party system. As it is known, in 2014 elections to the Legislative Chamber from UzLiDeP elected 52 deputies and 13 of whom are activists of “Youth wing” of the party. In addition, from 2013 party deputies elected to the regional district (municipal) councils of people’s deputies 290 of them are activists of the “Youth wing”.

Within this project party conducted about 300 events with participation over 6 thousand youth in the period 2010-2014 where they prepared about 130 proposals for further improving the legal framework of the country and sent them to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis.

At the event, deputies and youth considered the essence and significance of adopted laws and legal acts in our country, the participants received detailed answers to their questions from experts.

 

www.uzdaily.com


Posted on November 12, 2015 

“Milliy Tiklanish” holds contest among youth

contest_youthCentral Council of Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “Milliy Tiklanish” organized a republican stage of the intellectual contest “Social-economic and political processes in Uzbekistan – in the eyes of youth” among the members of the club “Young political experts” in Tashkent.

The main goal of the contest is to familiarize youth with social-economic and political reforms in Uzbekistan, promote ideas of the party and form their civil position.

Parliament from Bukhara region, Sarbon of Khorezm region, Status of Jizzakh region, Nurli Kelajak from Namangan region ad Poytaht from Tashkent city participated in the republican stage of the contest.

The teams competed in three directions. They showed their legal and political knowledge. They should also demonstrated their knowledge of Constitution, laws, pre-election platform, charter and programme of Milliy Tiklanish.

Parliament of Bukhara region won the first place, while Poytaht of Tashkent city was second. Sarbon of Khorezm region took the third place. The winners received presents from the Central Council of the party.

www.uzdaily.com


 

azerbajian_media1

Posted on November 11, 2015 

Azerbaijani media: “Uzbekistan has a democratic system of state power”

The articles on effective mechanisms to protect human rights and freedoms in our country were published in the information-analytical sites of Azerbaijan.

In particular, the report of Trend portal noted that from the early days of independence, the country has selected path of creating a democratic state of law, and this principle has been implemented for the past years.

“The process secured the foundations of civil society, in which the highest value are people, their rights and freedoms. The important program of actions is Uzbek model of development, recognized worldwide”, – noted the website.

In turn, the Internet resource Turkish Forum announced that Uzbekistan has established a system of democratic state power.

“The Constitution enshrined the important principle of separation of powers into legislative, executive and judicial. Carried out reforms in this sphere are the consistent implementation of this constitutional principle, the establishment of an effective system of checks and balances among branches, strengthening the role of authority and supervisory functions of representative branch in the center and on the regions, implementation of the measures on the judicial system’s liberalization of, ensuring its independence”, – noted article.

Particular attention was paid in the article of information-analytical site “Etnoglobus” to the role of the Constitutional Court of Uzbekistan in consistent ensuring of above-mentioned principle, the protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms.

“In Republic, the legal system created as a fully elaborate system institute, embodies the best experience of international practice. The Constitutional Court by considering the cases on the conformity of acts of legislative and executive authorities also assesses the performance of each branch. All this contributes to the implementation of the rule of law, which is an important condition for constitutional state”, – noted the article.

The source informed that all three branches of government fulfill their tasks and interact in the interests of citizens, which creates the basis for stability and prosperity in the country.

www.jahonnews.uz


Posted on November 06, 2015 

Milliy Tiklanish holds event “History – great teacher”

milly_historyState Museum of History of Uzbekistan hosted a spiritual-educational event “History – great teacher”, which was organized by the Tashkent regional Council of the Democratic Party of Uzbekistan “Milliy Tiklanish”.

It was noted that Uzbekistan carries out huge work to study rich history of the country, preserve cultural monuments and spiritual heritage to present them to new generation.

Milliy Tiklanish also realizes several projects on explaining meaning of independence to youth and promote national sovereignty. Youth Wing of the party implements such projects as “History – great teacher”, “Youth and tourism”, “Future of the Motherland in your hands” and “Constitution – 23 years”.

In connection with 24th anniversary of Uzbekistan’s Independence, the party in cooperation with the State Museum of History of Uzbekistan organized an exhibition “Independent Uzbekistan: free and developed Motherland”.

The exhibition showed achievements of people, reforms in social-economic and spiritual-educational spheres in Uzbekistan during independence years.

The participants familiarized with the work of museum and its rich exhibits.

www.uzdaily.com


Posted on November 05, 2015 

Kazakh media: “Judicial-legal system of Uzbekistan is comprehensively thought-out systemic institute”

kazakh_media

Political magazine of Kazakhstan “Mysl” (Idea) reports on the International Conference “The Role of the Constitutional Court in the implementation of the principle of separation of powers and protection of human rights: the experience of Uzbekistan and foreign countries”, which was held at the end of October this year in Tashkent.

As reported by the source, the event was dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan and became a platform for discussion and an intensive exchange of views between experts from different countries.

“From the first days of independence Uzbekistan chosen the path of building a democratic legal state, and the principles laid in its foundation have been consistently implemented over the years. As a result, civil society is strengthened, in which the ultimate value is the human being, his rights and freedoms. These important program actions include deideologization of republic’s economy and its priority over politics, and imposing the role of a main reformer on the state.”

The article notes that during the conference, the importance of the role of the judiciary in the formation of a well-functioning state system and to ensure equal rights for every citizen has been repeatedly stressed. Constitutional Justice is the highest form of control with special requirements and necessary institute of a modern democratic state.

In addition, the publication provides a number of views of foreign experts, who appreciated carried out reforms in our country in this area. “The legal system created as a fully thought-out systemic institution, embodies the best practice of international practice in Uzbekistan, – quotes the judge of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation Mikhail Kleandrova. – Quality and effective consideration of cases promotes specialization of general jurisdiction courts, arbitration courts form a network. The Constitutional Court by considering the cases on the constitutionality of legislative and executive authorities also assesses the performance of each branch of the power exercised within its powers in compliance with their acts of human rights and freedoms. All this contributes to the implementation of the rule of law. ”

As a conclusion the magazine emphasizes that the Constitutional Court plays a special role in the ongoing modernization of the country’s legal system, and the further improvement of its activities should be directed to upgrade the judicial process, to ensure openness and transparency of the constitutional justice, the strengthening of effective and timely guarantee of human rights and freedoms.

www.jahonnews.uz


Posted on November 04, 2015 

private_propertyThe private property is inviolable and is protected by the state

Soon we will celebrate 23rd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Our basic law embodies the principles of democracy and the universally recognized norms of international law, it is the main political and legal document of Uzbekistan. Constitution represents the state, and through it world learns the state and the nation. Those words proved to be true in practice, indicating that today Constitution provides a solid legal framework for the implementation of multifaceted reforms and achieve goals.

Article 53 of the Basic Law stipulates that the private property is inviolable and is protected by the state. The owner can be deprived of the property only in cases and the procedure, provided by the law. That is why in our country are dynamically developing small business and private entrepreneurship, farmers’ movement, which are the engine of social development.

It should be noted that in the period 2012-2015 have adopted many laws and legislative acts under the initiative of the President to support for small business and private entrepreneurship, granting them more freedom, eliminating bureaucratic barriers and obstacles to the development of private property and private enterprise.

Along with this, UzLiDeP on the basis of its program objectives, through its deputy associations in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis and representative local authorities implements concrete measures in this direction to reach the main strategic goal of Uzbekistan to join the ranks of developed democratic states and take its rightful place in the world community.

I would like to highlight that the recently adopted law “On measures to ensure reliable protection of private property, small business and private entrepreneurship, the removal of barriers to their rapid development” has made a number of changes and additions to the Criminal Code, the Tax Code and the Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan on administrative responsibility for the protection of rights and legal interests of business entities, in accordance with which all illegal interference and other offenses against the rights and legitimate interests of business entities will be responsible before the law.

In general, the Constitution is the legislative document to protect the rights and freedoms and the rule of law in all spheres of society. Thanks to this, today Uzbekistan is successfully developing democratic state that respects and protects its cultural heritage.

Nargiz Khalilova,

Member of UzLiDeP faction

at the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan

www.uzdaily.com


President’s New Years Congratulatory Address to the People of Uzbekistan

Dear compatriots!

uzbek_pres2I have a tremendous privilege at these unforgettable and exciting moments to cordially congratulate you all on the upcoming New Year 2014 and express my sincere respect and the kindest wishes to you.

By mentally hugging you, all who have gathered around the festive table, from the bottom of my heart I wish you, my dear ones, peace and harmony, a sound health and happiness, abundance and prosperity to your homes, and wish that the innermost dreams of yours come true.

Summing up the outcomes of the year we are seeing off, with enormous delight do we mark our nation’s confident strides toward the achievement of ends we have set out to further, namely, to join the ranks of advanced democratic nations, step up the standards and quality of life in our society, and cement Uzbekistan’s mounting eminence at the international arena.

The outgoing year has proved genuinely prolific and successful in terms of the steadfast development of the country, the consolidation of its potential, the provision for a sustainable and consistent economic growth, and elevation in the wellbeing of the population.

In spite of the grave impact still exerted by the continuing global financial and economic crisis, the growth rates of Uzbekistan’s gross domestic product in recent years have amounted to more than 8 percent, and what needs stressing in this respect is that very few nations in the world can boast such indicators.

The volumes of investments, including foreign ones, flowing into our economy have been rising, resulting thus in the erection of hundreds of modern enterprises to produce goods competitive in the global markets, in the creation of new transport communications, the construction of hundreds of thousands of square meters of housing, hospitals, schools, state-of-the-art colleges, lyceums and infrastructure facilities. These endeavors have also been spearheading the cardinal transformation in the appearance of our urban and rural areas, the growth in the social welfare of people, and the reinforcement of the reliable foundation of the future of our nation.

In the departing year, the real incomes of the population have grown by 15.7 percent, while salaries, retiree pensions, scholarship stipends and social allowances increased by 20.8 percent. The inflation rate has not exceeded 6 percent. We cannot but rejoice by the mounting diversity and abundance of goods in stores and markets as much as the prices enduring within the frames of reasonability.

I am convinced that the growth rates of wages, retiree pensions, scholarship stipends, and in the end the incomes of the population, will in the new year be not inferior to those in the year passing by.

Dear friends!

The New Year 2014 is joining our lives.

Our common wish is that it be a prosperous and productive for all of us and the entire country, and that it bring satisfaction from observing our boldest goals and objectives met and furthered.

I believe you will agree with me that for this end to be achieved, we should not give ourselves up to euphoria and complacency and lose touch with the reality, but by critically assessing our accomplishments confidently wend our way through life and prospects.

We ought to keep safeguarding our invaluable wealth as the apple of the eye, namely, the peace and stability, the atmosphere of kindness, humanism and mutual understanding, interethnic and civic harmony. We should also consolidate the friendly relations with neighboring nations, ensure the security of the country as well as the inviolability of its borders, and hence bolster the capabilities of our armed forces, realizing that all this is an imperative requirement of the contemporary volatile times we live in.

In the upcoming year, the enhancement and elevation in the effectiveness of the expansively well thought-out cardinal reforms that have fully justified themselves and dedicated to democratization and liberalization of all walks of life of the society should become the principal end of all our programs and everyday efforts.

It is critically essential that we continue with the structural reforms undertaken in the economy by manufacturing, first and foremost, quality goods in demand in the world market, by creating a business-friendly environment and even greater opportunities for the promotion of small business and private entrepreneurship and farmer movement. It is important also to boost the healthcare and education systems and the social sphere in general, up to a qualitatively new level, and secure the efficiency of our creative endeavors.

I would like to note in particular that the announcement of the year 2014 as one of the Health of the Child in Uzbekistan has been met by the population of the country with enthusiasm, which primarily reflects the harmony of the adopted decision with the hopes and vital aspirations of our people.

Indeed, to see one’s children healthy and comprehensively advanced and witness their happy and prosperous lives is the most cherished dream of every parent and every family.

In the meanwhile, all of us are well aware of the fact that fostering a physically sound and spiritually mature new generation that wields modern knowledge, independent thinking and sophisticated intellect, that is capable of taking the responsibility for the fate and future of the native land – is turning into a key, I daresay a decisive factor today in building an comfortable life and a prosperous democratic state and civil society.

Profoundly realizing this important truth, we will keep making our every effort to make sure that issues related to nurturing a completely advanced younger generation be constantly placed in the core of attention of the state and society as well as every one of us in the year 2014 and in the longer-run, as well.

My dear compatriots!

At these magic moments, a handful of minutes away from the coming New Year, all of us ask the Almighty from the bottom of our souls for our innermost dreams come true.

May the new year bring kindness and abundance, happiness and lots of joy to every family!

May peace and harmony and the clear sky reign in our land!

I wish a robust health, every success and the best of luck in the New Year!

Happy New Year, dear friends!

Islam Karimov,

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

 


 

Address by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan H.E. Mr. Islam Karimov at the Grand Ceremony Dedicated to the 21st Anniversary of Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Dear friends!

It gives me an enormous satisfaction to welcome You in this beautiful and unique hall, express to all of You my sincere respect and congratulate on the 21st anniversary of adoption of the Constitution of the country which has stands as a solid foundation of building a new state and new society.

Today we have all grounds to state that the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted on December 8, 1992 became a major legal and legislative basis in building the independent democratic state with socially oriented market economy, establishing a civil society in the country where the human interests, rights and freedoms are becoming the principal values, and the rule of law is ensured.

We have also all grounds to assert that the principles and provisions, long-term objectives and tasks stipulated in the Constitution, as well as the rightly chosen and deeply thought-out Strategy of achieving the set goals have become a reliable and decisive factor which determined the radical changes and implementation of the vital socio-political, social, economic and humanitarian reforms, and ensured reaching by our country the horizons which we can be rightfully proud of.

Our life itself gives us all reasons to state about the rightness of the chosen model of reforms and modernization of the country which is widely known and recognized in the world as the «Uzbek model» which fully proceeds from the provisions stipulated in our Constitution.

The essence of this model, as it is well known, is focused in the five principles – deideologization of economy, ensuring rule of law, recognition of regulating role of state as a major reformer, implementation of a strong social policy taking into account the specific peculiarities of the country, as well as the step-by-step nature of the political and economic reforms.

I think today there is no a special need to prove to someone that implementation of the large-scale democratic, socio-economic, political and judicial-legal reforms can be successful only on the basis of consistency, gradual approach, continuity and evolutionary development.

The life itself proves time and again the unacceptability of artificial forcing the democratic processes. The path of revolutionary overturns and violent methods of asserting power, as we see, as a rule, well leads to counterproductive results.

The high frontiers which we have achieved in liberalization and democratization of society, ensuring sustainable and steady development of economy, growth of well-being and standards of life of the population and commendable position for the country on the international arena, first of all, are a result of the deeply thought-out reforms which correspond to the modern democratic requirements in terms of establishing the national statehood and political system based on the principles of checks and balances of separation of functions and power among legislative, executive and judicial branches of power, as well as providing priority of human interests, rights and freedoms, and generally recognized norms of international law.

It was of a principle significance the radical democratic and market transformations in the economy, creation of an unprecedented favorable conditions, benefits and preferences to develop small business and entrepreneurship and farming as a decisive form of the economy in the rural area, adoption of a considerable package of legislative acts to protect private ownership and proprietor rights, creation of exclusively reliable conditions and most favoring regime for foreign investors, constant improvement of the legal and legislative basis and necessary conditions for doing business.

I would like to underscore that in creating exclusively favorable and priority conditions for small business and private entrepreneurship, progressive development of private ownership we see not only the most important source for growth of economy, incomes and employment, but also in establishment of a middle class which now becomes a major buttress and driving force of democratic reforms.

Summarizing the aforesaid, I would like to once again reiterate the very important truth, i.e. the process of reforms, democratization and renewal of society is not a one-time and snap process but a persistently continuous one. This is a process which in the long run pursues the clearly understandable objectives supported by the population.

I am convinced that this is very factor in which we must see the most important conditions and guarantees to ensure success of deep reforms and democratic renewal and modernization of the country.

It is an open secret that proceeding from this understanding of the objectives and tasks of reforms in our society such mottoes as the «reform is not for the sake of reform but for a man» and «don’t destroy the old house until you build a new one» have enjoyed a broad popularity and support among our people.

Along with this, we fully comprehend that progressive movement of Uzbekistan on the path of implementation of the constitutional principles, the large-scale reforms and democratic transformations in terms of state building and socio-political, socio-economic and humanitarian spheres, and first of all, the radical review and renewal of the education system, dynamic growth of people’s living standards have dramatically changed the mentality of people and the image of our country, its place in the world community.

Some indicators of economic development for over the past 22 years of our independent development give us the most obvious evidence and concrete illustration of unprecedented changes taking place in the country.

During this period the economy of Uzbekistan has grown 4,1 times and per capita not less than 3 times. At the same time, we should keep in mind that during this period the population of Uzbekistan has grown to almost 9,7 million people and now makes up about 30,5 million people.

Despite the serious impact by the ongoing global financial and economic crisis, the annual GDP growth from 2008 to 2013 exceeded 8 percent. In 2014 the GDP growth is envisaged at the level of 8,1 percent. One can see such economic growth rates in few countries in the world.

During the years of independence the real gross incomes per capita have grown 8,2 times.

Uzbekistan ensures the balanced macroeconomic indicators and the surplus of annual state budget.

The external public debt of the country does not exceed 16 percent of the GDP. There is a zero-level of domestic debt. The exports and official reserves are on the rise.

During the years of independent development in the economy of the country we have drawn more than 162 billion of capital investments in dollar equivalent, and 56 billion dollars of them are the foreign investments.

In 2013 the volume of capital investments shall make up about 14 billion dollars in equivalent, or 23 percent of the GDP.

What do these facts speak about?

First of all, these are hundreds and thousands of new modern enterprises which manufacture products competitive in the world market. These are hundreds and thousands of kilometers of rail and motorways and infrastructure facilities. These are hundreds and thousands of square meters of housing, and finally, these are a radically changing image of our cities and villages, as well as the growth of well-being and living standards of our population.

These facts speak for the growing trust of the international community in the processes of reforms and modernization of the country. This is the belief in the future of Uzbekistan.

Today we can state with full confidence that during historically short period of time Uzbekistan has turned from a republic with one-sided economy based on raw with a destructive monopoly of cotton production to a dynamically developing country with rapidly growing modern industry.

The fact that the share of industry in the country’s GDP now makes up 24,3 percent against 14,2 percent in 1990 stands as a concrete confirmation of the above-said. At the same time, the share of agriculture in the GDP has decreased from 34 percent to 17 percent in 2013.

In the years of independence we have established such new branches as motor industry, consumer electronics industry, oil, gas and chemical industry, and pharmaceuticals. We have also completely modernized and reoriented the food and light industry, chemical and construction materials industries to manufacture the competitive high value added products, etc.

When we speak about such grandiose structural reforms in the economy and changes in our lives we cannot but say about extremely important and decisive changes taking place in mentality and way of thinking of people, their perception of life and results of their labor.

We see how man is changing, how his civil and political consciousness is enhancing, how his legal awareness is growing. We are getting rid of communist ideology and psychology of dependency, belief in leaders who think for us.

The new generation of cadres is confidently entering our life and taking the leading positions. This is an independently thinking young generation with modern knowledge and progressive vision, the youth free of prejudices and stereotypes of the past, and capable to take on a responsibility for the future of the country.

Without exaggeration I see in this factor the colossal opportunities and reserves which any country can be proud of.

What do these facts speak for?

First, these facts testify primarily about a confident move forward and development of modern democratic society in the country, reforms and steady growth of economy which provides the high growth rates of living standards of population and growing profile on the international arena.

The efficiency and effectiveness of the reforms underway now give us all grounds to say that Uzbekistan has all chances in the historically shortest period of time to join the ranks of the developed democratic states.

Second, the past period of our independent development fully confirms the rightness of evolutionary phased and gradual advancement towards strategic objectives and tasks stipulated in the Constitution with due consideration of historical and national peculiarities and mentality of our people.

Third, we also do realize that there could be modern Constitution and perfect Strategy of achieving the objectives set in the Constitution, but tell me, my dear friends, possessing all of this could we reach the results that we now have without our nation standing behind us.

It is only its courage and patience, persistency and steadfastness, only the heroic labor of our people that have allowed us to get to the horizons which all of us can rightfully be proud of.

From this high rostrum allow me to bow low to all of You and in your person to our entire nation.

Dear friends!

Summarizing the results of what was accomplished during the past period, it is extremely important, first of all, to avoid euphoria and self-complacency. We should not lose touch with reality. We ought to assess our place in the current world in a sober and self-critical way, and keep up with continuously growing requirements of the time and see our perspective.

The «Concept of further strengthening reforms and establishing civil society» adopted in November 2010 by the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan stood as a natural and logical continuation of democratic renewal and modernization underway in the country.

As a matter of fact, this is a long-term Program of the interrelated political and economic reforms, democratization and liberalization of the state system of power and governance, ensuring independence of judicial power, freedom of speech and information, freedom of choice and development of electoral system, establishing civil society in the conditions of globalization and rapidly changing modern world.

In the past period rather profound work has been accomplished on each of these priorities of deepening reforms. One can judge about this by discussions in the press and television, and laws adopted by our parliament.

In this respect, it is greatly important to further enhance the role of legislative power in the state and political system, expand its supervising functions and strengthen the judicial-legal system.

A number of amendments was introduced to the Main Law to further improve the activity of the parliament. The role of deputy associations and fractions of political parties was upgraded at all stages of scrutinizing and passing laws and normative acts.

Today not a single legislative act is passed without consideration of opinions and proposals of fractions (deputy groups).

In accordance with the Concept, we have carried out a consistent work to further reform the judicial-legal system, strengthen independence of courts as the most important component of establishing and democratizing society, ensuring rule of law, reliable protection of human rights and freedoms.

First of all, we have fully abolished the supervisory functions of prosecutor bodies over judicial power. Now the prosecutor bodies no longer have a right to suspend the execution of court decisions.

We implement the legislative acts aimed at expanding the use of the Habeas corpus institution to strengthen the judicial control in criminal process, improve the system and mechanisms of ensuring competition between defense and prosecution.

From criminal-procedural legislation we have excluded the powers of court to instigate a criminal case and announce indictments on it. We have also enhanced the judicial control over investigation at the stage of pretrial proceedings. The application of such measures of procedural compulsion as removing from a post and placement of a person in medical institution has been relegated to courts.

The adopted legislative acts provide the clear grounds to carry out the operational search activities. There are real legal guarantees of observing law, ensuring the human rights and freedoms and preventing administrative arbitrariness.

The adoption of the decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on radical improvement of social protection of judicial system employees and on organizational measures on improvement and raising efficiency of district and city courts of general jurisdiction was important in strengthening authority of judicial power and establishing an effective system of selection and placement of judicial cadres that meet modern democratic requirements.

The Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on measures to further improve the system of training judicial cadres adopted in June 2013 is aimed at enhancing the efficacy of the system of training and retraining of judicial cadres. According to it, the Tashkent State Institute of Law was reorganized to the Tashkent State University of Law and this laid the foundations for radical reforms and streamlining the judicial education system.

We need to specially emphasize the implementation of the large-scale programs on development of civil society institutions: non-state, non-profit organizations, free and independent mass media.

Today the NGOs are becoming an important factor in protecting democratic values, rights, freedoms and lawful interests of people, realizing by citizens of their potential, raising their social and economic activeness and legal awareness, and facilitate maintaining balance of interests in society.

At present, the number of NGOs functioning in Uzbekistan has exceeded 6 thousand. The volume of grants allocated by the Public fund to support NGOs and other civil society institutions at the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan has grown twofold for over the last three years.

Nowadays the NGOs are widely involved in implementation of the programs on tackling the urgent problems in the spheres of healthcare, environmental protection, employment and social support of vulnerable strata of population, as well as engaged in lawmaking process. There are public discussions of draft laws elaborated in the framework of the Concept and other legislative acts which are of a great social importance.

Thanks to the measures carried out in the framework of the Concept the domestic mass media are becoming more and more active participants of the reforms underway in the country.

The active participation of civil society institutions and the mass media in the legal experiment on approbation of the draft Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan «On transparency of activity of bodies of state power and governance» which is underway for over a year in Bukhara and Samarkand regions stands as a striking evidence of the aforesaid.

Summarizing the said, I would like to especially emphasize that at the modern stage it is important to establish an integral system of ensuring parliamentary and public control over the executive branch of power, strengthening its normative and legal basis and speeding up of adoption of appropriate legislative acts.

In this context, it is necessary to provide the soonest adoption of such draft laws being scrutinized today as «On social partnership» and «On public control in the Republic of Uzbekistan».

For these purposes it is also of a great importance the soonest adoption of the draft laws «On economic foundations of mass media» and «On guarantees of state support of mass media», and others.

Taking this opportunity, I consider it necessary to dwell on yet another issue.

Further deepening reforms based on the experience of the countries with developed democracy and the logics of political and constitutional development of Uzbekistan dictate the need to raise the role and importance of representative deputy bodies, and in short, reinforce their real capabilities in the life of our society.

In this respect, it is on the top of the agenda to further expand the role of the Legislative Chamber and Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the system of bodies of state governance and enhance their supervising functions over the activity of the Cabinet of Ministers and executive bodies, as well as their rights and authorities in implementing the strategic goals of domestic and foreign policies with introduction of relevant amendments and additions to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Along with this, our life also puts on the agenda the issues of increasing responsibility of the Cabinet of Ministers, and in the first instance, the local khokimiyats and systematic hearing of their reports before local Kengashes (councils).

These alterations and amendments in the long run pursue our most important goal to further democratize the system of power and governance in the country and provide step-by-step implementation of the principle «from a strong state to a strong civil society».

Dear compatriots!

The radical enhancement of the role of political parties in defining the concrete priorities of socio-political and economic development and their participation in tackling the strategic tasks of reforms and modernization of the country must become the most important factor of progressive democratic changes.

The experience of developed democracies in the modern world proves that in the first instance strengthening the multiparty system and competition among political parties stands as one of the crucial conditions on which the parliamentary traditions are built, when as a result of free and fair elections the major political forces and social layers of a country’s population are represented in parliament.

I think there is no need to say that we mean the political parties which have their charter and action plan built on their own vision of addressing the problems of society.

In other words, firstly we refer to a political party that has its electorate and which gained authority among voters with its clear-cut and firm position on the key issues of state and social construction, domestic and foreign policies of the country and ability to strongly defense the interests of those who vote in favor of this party at elections.

These issues are acquiring a special urgency in the context of general elections to the Oliy Majlis and local representative bodies of power envisaged in December 2014.

Summarizing the said, I think today it is appropriate to once again refer to the preamble of our Constitution «The people of Uzbekistan, solemnly declaring their adherence to human rights and principles of state sovereignty, being aware of their ultimate responsibility to the present and the future generations, affirming their commitment to the ideals of democracy and social justice, aspiring to a worthy life for the citizens of the republic, setting forth the task of creating a humane and democratic law-governed state adopt in the person of their plenipotentiary representatives the present Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan».

Addressing to all of You present today in this hall and in Your person to entire our nation I would like to say the following: everything accomplished during the last years and everything we are planning to accomplish in the future give us all grounds to state that – we will not step back from the chosen road and everything envisaged in our Constitution will be unconditionally put in practice.

Dear compatriots!

With a view of elevating our efforts to a new and higher level in terms of ensuring comprehensive progress and prosperity of our Homeland we announced the year 2013 in our country as the “Year of Prosperous Life”, which was welcomed by our nation with profound pleasure.

Throughout the year all strengths and capabilities of our state and society have been channeled to that purpose. The enormous work was accomplished in our country, and we can say that it has contributed much to resolving many issues and problems.

This year we have consistently continued our work on addressing the issues, which do serve as a major condition of a prosperous life, as increasing the real incomes of population, further developing small business, private entrepreneurship and farming, as well as creating new jobs and resolving social issues.

I think you are well aware that each year while adopting our state budget we pay a special attention to developing the social sphere.

In 2013 60 percent of total expenditures of our budget were channeled to this sphere. This accounts for 1 trillion soums more in comparison with the year 2012.

Today, when we speak about how the living standards of our people are increasing, I want to draw your attention to some very obvious indicators.

At the moment every third family in our country owns an automobile. On average every 100 family in Uzbekistan owns 80 refrigerators and 146 television sets.

And this testifies that some families own two or three television sets. Along with this, the level of people’s access to washing machines, vacuum cleaners, microwave ovens, personal computers and other necessary appliances is on the rise.

The number of mobile phone users in our country makes up 19 million people. This means that each family owns on average 3 mobile phones. Besides, the number of Internet subscribers in Uzbekistan has grown by 18,3 percent in comparison with last year and now makes up 7 million 100 thousand people.

Certainly, these figures testify to the fact that in the last years not only the living standards of our population, but, first of all, the quality of our life has steadily been increasing.

We should underscore that in 2013 alone the consumer credits of almost 68 billion soums were allocated to the rural population to procure the home appliances; more than 346 billion soums of mortgage credits were given to young families to construct their own housing and cover other related needs. This means we have allocated 10 percent more mortgage credits to them in comparison with last year.

This year more than 970 thousand new jobs have been created which we consider extremely important for us in terms of ensuring employment, and 60 percent of them have been created in the rural area. Most importantly, we have employed more than 500 thousand of young graduates of vocational colleges, and this is one of our profound achievements.

I want to dwell upon yet another priority issue, i.e. the activity in the sphere of public health, improving and raising efficiency of the healthcare system and enhancing the prophylaxis works.

Seven million fertile age women and 7 million 300 thousand children have gone through medical examination, 195 thousand lone elderly, disabled people and pensioners received a professional medical care.

During this year 146 modern medical facilities have been commissioned in our country at the expense of budget funds totaling 311 billion soums.

In particular, the new treatment block, diagnostics unit and children’s disease sanatorium were built at the Andijan regional multi-field medical center. The medical association in Chirakchi district of Kashkadarya region, the multi-field medical center for children and adults in Surkhandarya region, medical associations in Uzbekistan and Koshtepa districts of Ferghana region and tens of other hospitals were completely reconstructed.

Along with this, the new surgery units have been commissioned at the Tashkent city Pediatric Medical Institute Clinic and Republican Pediatric Specialized Scientific-Practical Medical Center.

In 2013 alone, more than 4 thousand patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases were treated at the cardiosurgery unit of the Republican Specialized Surgery Center and other similar hospitals.

In Namangan and Urgench cities such new methods of treatment as replacing the heart valves, congenital and acquired heart diseases surgery, implantation of electric heart pacemaker and echocardiography have been introduced. In the cities of Nukus, Karshi, Ferghana, Samarkand, Bukhara and Jizzakh the practice of continuous monitoring of heart’s functioning is broadly applied.

Also, in Urgench, Nukus, Andijan, Samarkand cities the work is carried out on diagnosing and treating various eye diseases on the basis of computer technologies using laser and ultrasound.

Taking this opportunity, I consider it both my duty and obligation on behalf of all of us to express gratitude to our doctors who are applying in practice the newest methods of diagnostics and treatment, and introducing the cutting-edge technologies and techniques, as well as demonstrating high skills and selflessness in treating our people.

A lot of efforts have been made to raise education and training system to a new level.

In 2013 756 educational institutions, musical and arts schools, as well as children’s sports facilities have been built, reconstructed and overhauled in our country. Modern computer classes, school laboratories, workshops were established and provided with necessary tools and equipment.

It is a well-known fact that starting from this year, within the program on further enhancing the system of foreign language teaching, an in-depth studying of foreign languages in our country has been introduced from the 1st grade of secondary schools. This, certainly, is especially important since it opens new opportunities to our children to master the achievements of global science and culture, grow up as comprehensively developed and highly skilled cadres.

This year nearly 300 thousand children, in particular, 4 thousand 500 schoolchildren from the Aral Sea region, as well as 75 thousand children from low-income families were taken to summer resorts on a privileged basis where their health was improved.

We can see the natural result and outcome of such practical work, which is progressing year to year, in the accomplishments achieved by our compatriots, above all, by our beloved children in various spheres.

If we dwell upon some examples in this regard, all of us are happy with the fact that our schoolchildren took the first place at the 47th International Mendeleyev Olympiad in Tashkent.

We can take the example of an 8 year-old Nodirbek Abdusattarov who became a world champion at chess – a competition of wit and intellect, or a 5 year-old, pay attention, a 5 year-old our wonder kid Islombek Sindorov who became an Asian champion. My dear friends, we cannot help but be proud of such successes, can we?

And recently at the world championship in Poland our yet another proficient sportsman Ruslan Nuriddinov secured a victory in fierce competition at the hardest type of sports – the weightlifting. You are aware that this mighty young man was awarded a high title of «O’zbekiston iftikhori» («Pride of Uzbekistan»).

Our children who glorify the Homeland around the world and whose number is continuously increasing, certainly, deserve our comprehensive support and esteem.

Building new housings secures a special place in our extensive work carried out in the year named as the «Year of Prosperous Life».

Speaking of this, we should note that 10 thousand standard design new housings were built in 147 districts, as well as long-term and soft loans in the amount of 1 trillion 400 billion soums were allocated for that purpose to population.

These our works draw a keen interest not only in neighboring areas, but in the world community as well.  You are certainly well aware that the representatives of the world’s leading countries and high-profile organizations, who participated in the international forums on this very topic in April, as well as on the use of solar energy in November this year in Tashkent visited such housing and infrastructure facilities and highly praised these works.

Taking this opportunity, it would be very expedient to express much gratitude on behalf of our nation to our builders, who are constructing these beautiful and cozy houses, and such international financial institutions as the Asian Development Bank and Islamic Development Bank who have been supporting us in this endeavor.

Dear friends!

At the moment, our Uzbekistan, literally speaking, has turned into a vast construction site. In particular, with the purpose of developing the centers of regions in accordance with the master plan the large projects are being implemented.

For example, we should note that in 2013 alone the construction and improvement works worth 344 billion soums have been carried out in the city of Urgench. Such large-scale works are also being continued in the cities of Karshi, Ferghana, Namangan, Nukus, Jizzakh, Shakhrisabz, Gulistan and all other regions and districts of our country.

There is yet another major priority – providing the population with potable water through centralized water pipelines. This year 1 thousand 850 kilometers of water pipelines were laid at the expense of 213 billion soums allowing to better the water supply to 1 million 370 thousand people.

Along with this, 8 large investment projects worth 96 million dollars are being implemented with these purposes in Andijan, Bukhara, Navoi, Surkhandarya and Ferghana regions, and the cities of Samarkand, Bukhara, Termez and Kokand. This allows to improve the potable water supply to 365 thousand people and enhance the water sewage system.

Throughout the year the enormous works were carried out to build and reconstruct the motorways and develop the transport infrastructure.

At a 530 kilometer-long section of the Uzbek National Motor Highway the construction and reconstruction works were undertaken. Apart from this, the domestic motorways of more than 890 kilometers which connect the rural destinations with one another and roads of cities and townships of more than 200 kilometers were reconstructed.

At present, along with constructing the broad and smooth roads in our country much work is being accomplished to improve transport services for passengers.

Along with the locally made and eye-pleasing buses and automobiles, the modern Mercedes buses are running along our dear capital city of Tashkent and other towns. It won’t be a mistake to say that any person cannot but be impressed seeing this picture which completely changes the look of our streets and squares.

In this respect, I want to especially draw your attention to the following figure. The fact that we have channeled the funds of more than 3 billion dollars of the World Bank, Asian Development Bank and Islamic Development Bank along with domestic investments to implement the aforementioned tasks speaks about a lot.

In the framework of the Program proceeding from the task of improving makhalla (neighborhood community area), which is the main component of our society, we have enhanced the self-governance system and paid a profound attention to strengthening the socio-economic role and influence of makhalla in our life.

First of all, with such an objective the two important laws were adopted. In particular, the new edition of the Law «On self-governance bodies of citizens» broadens authorities and tasks in terms of improving the organizational foundations of the activity of this structure and social protection of the population.

You are well aware that at the moment the nationwide elections of the chairperson of citizens’ congregation (aksakal) and his advisers. It is especially worth noting that these elections are conducted based on this law adopted in its new edition.

This year the large-scale works have been accomplished to establish the new guzars (the neighborhood congregational venues), vending and public service stations, children’s and sports grounds in makhalla areas as well as reconstruct the inner roads and pavements, and better the multi-storied building vicinities.

Dear compatriots!

All of us are well aware that prosperous life cannot be imagined without an active participation in family and society of our esteemed women who are our care, comfort and angels.

Usually, we speak a lot about recognizing a profound contribution made by our sisters to the development of various spheres, raising their place and role in our life, enhancing both their political and social prestige and alleviating their burden. However, I want to pay attention yet to another side of this issue.

When a family will be happy? When a woman is happy.

When a woman will be happy?  Above all, she will be happy if her children, family members and her husband are safe and sound.

When a woman will be pleased with life? When her family is tranquil, when her household is prosperous and when she is confident in tomorrow.

There are at first sight unnoticeable but important daily household chores – laundry or cooking, upbringing children or keeping house clean and tidy. And it is only a woman who can deal well with all of the aforementioned.

All of us do know that life is not an easy journey. However, a woman will be pleased with life if there are less problems and troubles.

As our economy gets stronger and our capabilities are expanding, we are paying greater attention to alleviating the burden of our women. In particular, this year we have accomplished a lot along this way.

The following fact stands as an example to the aforesaid: the local enterprises manufactured about 310 thousand kitchen and home appliances and those items worth of 130 million soums were delivered for free to the needy families.

At the same time, the new public service stations, bakeries, confectionary workshops, small markets, shops, children’s playing grounds, family recreation facilities and beauty salons were established in the makhallas and residential areas.

We will certainly continue such activities aimed at creating comfortable conditions to our women and for this purpose we will find both the funds and opportunities.

As an obvious confirmation of the aforesaid we should note that in 2013 the commercial banks have allocated 117 billion soums of credit funds to actively involve women to and support them in entrepreneurship. We should especially note that in its turn this allows many women to launch their own business and in this way benefit both their families and our nation, and find their due place in life.

Dear friends!

Certainly, we can speak a lot about the work that we have accomplished in the «Year of Prosperous Life». In this respect I deem it necessary to draw your attention only to the following figure.

The fact that at the expense of all sources more than 6 trillion 930 billion soums and 471 million dollars have been spent in the framework of this program vividly testifies about enormous scale and large scope of the accomplished work.

Taking this opportunity, on behalf of myself and our nation, I express a sincere gratitude to the state and non-state organizations, farming and entrepreneurship entities of our country who have contributed to such a noble cause, to foreign and international structures, ambassadors of foreign countries and representatives of diplomatic missions present in this hall who have helped us, as well as all those who have diligently labored in this virtuous path.

Dear participants of the meeting!

Now we should discuss and exchange opinions with you on how to name the upcoming new year of 2014.

From the ancient times each and every parent aspires their child to be healthy and harmoniously developed, smart, intelligent and happy.  It would be very true to say that it is the greatest and most sacred dream of parents to bring up such a child and ensure a due place for him in life.

When we say healthy we understand not only a physically but also a spiritually sound child.

You are well aware that starting from the early years of our independence the issue of ‘healthy mother – healthy child’ was put on the top of agenda of state policy and our profound activities accomplished in the framework of the large-scale nationwide programs have been well recognized in the world.

Along with this today’s vibrant time and the life itself puts forward the new, very important and urgent tasks in terms of upbringing the younger generation.

Taking into consideration the aforementioned, with a goal of consistently continuing and enhancing our work on upbringing comprehensively healthy generation, I propose to announce the new year of 2014 as “The Year of a Healthy Child” in our country.

Dear compatriots!

All of us well understand that birth of a healthy child and his strong and sound growth depend on many requirements and factors. However, there are very important and decisive criteria among them that I consider necessary to especially dwell upon.

First, a healthy child is, above all, a product of a healthy and harmonious family. We accept a family as a nurturing place which provides a continuity of life and is capable to yield a strong influence on the fate of future generations. Such noble qualities as respecting the elderly and honoring the young, humaneness, mercy and kindness, loyalty to Homeland and the nation are established in a family climate.

It is natural that birth of a healthy child, firstly, depends on the health of a mother. The mother-to-be for over a span of nine months cares and nurtures her beloved one given by God and delivers it to the world. Along this process the experience of a woman and her spiritual state, certainly, influences her foetus.

It is a duty of a man and our entire society to honor a woman, release her from hard work and safeguard from various diseases. In order to avoid this truth to turn into an empty word all of us ought to feel responsibility and put it into our practice.

While drafting the State program «The Year of a Healthy Child» we should put in the focus of our attention, first of all, such issues as protecting motherhood and childhood, promoting a healthy atmosphere in families and reinforcing their economic and moral foundations.

Second, all of us are well aware that there is a profound role, influence and responsibility of the healthcare system in upbringing a healthy child.

The program must envisage enhancement of our works in terms of strengthening the logistical basis of mother and child care medical facilities: screening and prenatal centers, maternity welfare centers and maternity hospitals, gynecology and patronage services, rural medical stations, and supplying them with the latest equipment and providing the with skilled cadres.

Taking into account the recommendations of the World Health Organization, we should further raise the efficiency of our efforts aimed at ensuring timely and quality nutrition of pregnant women and infants, manufacturing special polyvitamins and products enriched with necessary microelements, constant medical examination of children and protecting them from various diseases.

All of us well understand that the medical awareness of population and, especially, the parents is very important in nurturing a healthy child. Therefore, in drafting the program it will be expedient to pay a special attention to the large-scale propaganda to raise the medical awareness.

It is well-known that the practice of pre-marriage medical examination of the newlyweds was introduced in Uzbekistan with a main goal to establish a healthy family and deliver a healthy child.

However, unfortunately we must be concerned of irresponsible practices related to the life of a human being and fate of an expected child, issuing false and superficial findings, and buying off the medical reports. I think that it is a high time to raise a responsibility and accountability of medical personnel in these matters, i.e. for the birth of healthy and flawless children.

Third, the role and impact of education and sports should be further promoted in upbringing a healthy child.

In the program a special attention should be paid to expanding the system of pre-school educational institutions, supplying them with contemporary equipment, high-skilled pedagogues and enhancing the quality of pre-school training of children.

The period of elementary school is a core period in physical and psychological development of a child. All of us well know that, unfortunately, during the Soviet regime this issue lacked a sufficient attention. It was the teachers with mainly a secondary special education who were involved in teaching at elementary classes.

Taking into consideration the role and significance of elementary education in the life of young generation, we have abolished such an unacceptable system and today this task is entrusted to pedagogue cadres with a higher education and high professional skills.

The program must envisage such issues as increasing the quality of elementary education, improving the educational standards, curricula and textbooks, and broadly introducing advanced teaching, information and communication technologies.

Proceeding from the goals and objectives of «The Year of a Healthy Child», we ought to implement the clear-cut measures in terms of nurturing in our children, especially girls, a love in physical culture and sports, and propagating among them a healthy lifestyle.

Fourth, all of us are well aware that upbringing our children and the new generation in a healthy and harmonious way, no doubt, must remain in the focus of attention of our state and society and turn  into a priority direction of our policy.

For this purpose, there is a profound role of the state to develop all the spheres and processes related to this task and upgrade them to a modern level.

Taking this into account, certainly, it is obvious that in the framework of the program «The Year of a Healthy Child» we need to further strengthen our attention to the following issues: drafting the annual plans; distributing the funds to tackle problems in various spheres and branches, especially, in the social sphere; and creating the appropriate modern conditions.

Along with this, it is especially important to learn the best practices of the developed states of the world in this issue and put them into practice in our country.

Fifth, I think it is no need to overly speak about a profound role and influence of makhalla and social structures in upbringing a healthy child. Certainly, there is a deep meaning in the proverb of our people: «It takes seven makhallas to bring up a child».

From this point of view, the responsibility of makhalla aksakals, advisers on religion, enlightenment and spiritual upbringing, and makhalla posbons (neighborhood safety watchmen) will ever increase in consolidating the atmosphere of peace and tranquility, mutual respect and accord, vigilance and awareness in the life of our society.

Especially, we lean upon the experienced makhalla activists in tackling such issues as upbringing girls, helping them to master contemporary knowledge and skills, preventing early marriages and family conflicts, holding the traditional ceremonies in a modest and organized manner.

We ought to promote the activity of makhalla and relegate them the new authorities and opportunities in terms of involving our children in various education circles, rendering material and spiritual relief to the low-income families, developing the local entrepreneurship and other issues.

It goes without saying that implementation of these priority tasks requires further improvement of the current normative and legal basis.

Dear compatriots!

Speaking about the main goals and objectives of «The Year of a Healthy Child», I think it is worthwhile to once again recall the following wisdom widely known among our nation which goes as follows: «The country with healthy children will be strong, and the children of a strong country will be healthy».

If I am asked about the major factors in our new history of twenty-two years of independence that allowed us to build our national statehood and our future, protect our country from various evils and vices, join the ranks of developed democratic states and find a high prestige on the world arena, I would say the following: without denying other factors the most important factor along this way is our comprehensively developed, both physically and spiritually healthy generation inferior to no one, the generation which is proud and capable to take on a responsibility for the fate and future of our Homeland, and build a great state with a future aspired by our nation.

Our people deeply comprehend this truth.  They broadly support this truth feeling it with their hearts and souls, and today this gives its outcome and results. And the entire world is recognizing this and looking at us with admiration.

We consider our belief and respect towards our children, who are our support and buttress, pride and honor as a reflection of confidence in our future and respect to our nation and people.

I believe that all our today’s plans and tasks in the framework of the program of «The Year of a Healthy Child» will serve these very noble purposes.

My dear compatriots, I once again congratulate you on the Constitution Day and wish all of you a sound health, all blessings and plenty to your homes.

 


Uzbekistan announces 2014 as the Year of Healthy Children

 Uzbekistan announced 2014 as the Year of Healthy Children. This was announced at the solemn ceremony dedicated to the 21th anniversary of the Constitution of Uzbekistan, which is marked on 8 December. The event was held at Uzbekistan International Forums Palace.

Speaking at the ceremony, the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov offered to name 2014 as the Year of Healthy Children, which was supported by the participants.

As reported earlier, 2013 was announced as the Year of Prosperity and Well-being in Uzbekistan and the Government approved special programme. Uzbekistan plans to direct 6.655 trillion soums or US$919.2 million to implementation of the programme.

Earlier, Uzbekistan announced 2012 as the Year of Family, 2011 as the Year of small business and entrepreneurship, 2010 as the Year of Harmonically Developed Generation, 2009 – the Year of Development and Accomplishment of Rural Area, 2008 – the Year of Youth, 2007 – the Year of Social Support, 2006 – the Year of Charity and Medical Workers and 2005 – the Year of Health.

The country observed the Year of Goodness and Charity in 2004, the Year of Mahalla in 2003, the Year of Protection interests of Elder people in 2002, the Year of Mother and Children in 2001, the Year of Healthy Generation in 2000, and the Year of Women in 1999, the Year of Family in 1998 and the Year of Human Interests in 1997.

 


Growth of Parliamentarianism: Expertise of Uzbekistan and America

 Both houses of the Oliy Majlis jointly with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan have organized an international academic and practical conference “Progress of Parliamentarianism: Expertise of Uzbekistan and the United States” in Samarkand.

Representatives of the US Congress, members of the Senate and Legislative Chamber of Uzbekistan’s Oliy Majlis, of the US Embassy in Uzbekistan, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Democratic Institute of the United States (NDI), as well as scholars and specialists from educational and research institutions and those of civil society took part in the conference.

The event participants exchanged expertise in the advancement of parliamentarianism in Uzbekistan and the United States, including in the establishment and exercise of parliamentary oversight of the execution of legislative acts by bodies of the executive branch of power, in parliament’s interaction with civil society institutions and mass media. They discussed prospects of the evolution of mutually advantageous bilateral inter-parliamentary ties.

The progress of parliamentarianism is instrumental in the formation and consolidation of democracy and constitutional state. An effectively working multiparty parliamentary system creates opportunities and conditions for citizens to take part in government and public governance and in addressing key challenges of socio-economic development.

In this regard, the conference contributors noted in particular that the wide-ranging democratic socio-political and socio-economic reforms being undertaken in Uzbekistan under the leadership of President Islam Karimov are consistent and interdependent in nature. The rule of law, the separation of power into branches and the limitation of their powers, the elevation of the role of civic institutions in the system of government have become the most vital principles of building a democratic constitutional state and a robust civil society in the country. For the independence years, a sustainable and dynamically evolving political system has been created along with a professional parliament, essential organizational-normative and economic-technical conditions for a free and active participation of citizens and political parties in tackling critical tasks in the socio-economic development and social construction.

It was stressed that the Concept of Intensification of Democratic Reforms and Formation of Civil Society in the Country has opened a new page in the development of Uzbekistan.

According to American Congressmen and experts, despite the rather brief historical period of independent development, Uzbekistan has garnered a remarkable experience of effective parliamentarianism facilitating the enhancement of democratic processes, securing human rights and freedoms, the smoothness of the work of the entire government mechanism. The outcomes of reforms marshaled in Uzbekistan on this front could serve as a good reference point for many other nations.

“We are well aware of the transformations underway in Uzbekistan to engender a democratic constitutional state and civil society,” Eni Faleomavaega, member of the House of Representatives of the US Congress, said. “That the leadership and people of Uzbekistan opted for such a democratic system that meets the conditions and challenges of its development is an appropriate path. President Islam Karimov’s initiative to reinforce the parliamentary oversight of the government deserves comprehensive support. Such a system does also exist in the United States. Uzbekistan is a country that has an important role not only in the Central Asian region, but also in the world in general. Thus, the international community should be more extensively informed on the stance of Uzbekistan as well as the steadfast reforms in progress across the country, including in the advancement of parliamentarianism.”

In their reports, senators and deputies of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan as well as the US Congressmen pointed out in particular that a constructive interaction between the parliaments of our two nations has been established and expanding. The growing intensity of inter-parliamentary contacts generates a good opportunity for the exchange of expertise in the parliamentary activity.

“The immense constructive efforts across all the areas are indicative of the peace and wellbeing in Uzbekistan,” said James Moran, member of the House of Representatives of the US Congress. “I believe it would be useful for the lawmakers of our two countries to study each others’ experiences. Notably, we attach a considerable significance in the Congress to the cooperation with civil society institutions.”

During deliberations, the conference participants noted that uplifting the role of legislatures in both countries is a crucial priority in nation building. At the same time, the rise in the political activity of the population is one of the most critical factors in the public development.

In the evolution of parliamentarianism in Uzbekistan, as the event contributors suggested, it is important to study and use the experience of foreign nations with advanced democratic institutions.

The reports of American Congressmen and specialists on the United States expertise in parliamentarianism, legislative activities and parliamentary control, the cooperation of the US Congress with civil society institutions in issues pertaining to environmental protection, drew a remarkable interest of the forum participants. Fruitful has been the exchange of experience in the elevation of the role of political parties in the democratic renewal of government and modernization of the country, the importance of mass media in ensuring a due public scrutiny over the execution of laws and the activities of government bodies.

Proceeding from the expertise of the two nations, the conference participants formulated principal dimensions of inter-parliamentary interaction. The expansion of mutual study of experience in lawmaking and legislature activities, exchange of analytical materials and information, the conduct of joint training seminars and panel discussions aimed at uplifting the effectiveness of parliamentary activity also were acknowledged necessary.

 

www.uza.uz


CHILDREN STUDY THE CONSTITUTION

 Everyone is entitled to education.

The state guarantees the attainment of free universal education.

Article 41 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan

 In the process of wide-ranging reforms being undertaken under the leadership of President Islam Karimov in the education and upbringing system of our country, a particular emphasis is placed on the consolidation of juridical knowledge among the younger generation and the further perfection of law education. The resolution of the head of our state “On the Arrangement of Study of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan” signed 4 January 2001 serves as a crucial factor in securing the effectiveness in these efforts.

The principal goal sought from that resolution is the profound study of Uzbekistan’s Constitution, its role in the society, in the formation and elevation of legal consciousness, of thinking mode and culture of the younger generation, in the extensive propaganda of the essence and significance of the Basic Law. In accordance with the resolution, the principles and concepts stipulated in the Basic Law have currently been studied in all education institutions, including pre-school education institutions.

This can be seen also in the case of the pre-school education institution no.589 in the Sergeli district of Tashkent. Here, lessons are run in senior and preparatory groups to learn the Constitution with the application of effective methodologies.

… It is a usual day in the kindergarten with sounds of joyous voices and cheerful laughs of kids. The pupils of junior and senior groups, by laying their hands on their breasts, sing the State Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The chief song of our nation, performed with the sincerity characteristic of children, overfills the hearts with a sense of special pride with its deep meaning. Afterwards, the kindergarten teacher of the preparatory group Manzura Nurmatova tells the children about the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, independence of our country, its state symbols, language, currency unit, as well as the rights and freedoms of citizens in a language accessible to kids and with the help of simple and understandable means: various pictures, booklets and banners. Then, she addresses the children with a question:

“Well, which one of you can tell what holiday our country is going to celebrate soon?”

The kids lift their arms in unison:

“Let me say! I know what it is!”

“Sevara, go ahead and tell us”

Sevara Murtazoeva answers clearly and in uplifted tone:

“It is the Day of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.”

“And when was our Constitution adopted?”

“On the 8th of December 1992.”

“What a clever girl! And who can name the state symbols of the Republic of Uzbekistan?”

The kids lift their arms all at once.

The kindergarten teacher suggests, “Let Ulugbek say it!”

“Uzbekistan has its own flag, emblem and anthem.”

“That’s correct, well done!” the instructor praises him…

To teach our kids from their early childhood to be aware of their rights and duties and be conscious of their responsibility before the state and society is one of the important objectives the kindergarten and school teachers are tasked with. Therefore, the Constitution classes conducted in this education institution serves to deliver the children with initial knowledge on the state with a rule of law, to have them realize their rights and duties, to bring them up in the spirit of love and devotion to the Motherland and ideas of independence. After all, in the age of globalization, only the younger generation that realizes its own rights, a generation dedicated to its duty, with an independent thinking and high spiritual and ethic qualities is capable of becoming a decisive force of our future days.

Our Basic Law not only guarantees the rights and freedoms of every person, but it also defines their duty and commitments before the state and society. Our country’s Constitution serves as a principal document in the process of providing our children with knowledge from their early childhood, for them to acquire a profession, to form as qualified specialists and, as the President of the country notes, and to raise them as robust, educated, mature and happy people in all respects.

Some 500 children are nurtured at the pre-school education institution no.589. All the conveniences are created here for their development as healthy and comprehensively advanced individuals.

Hobby clubs in foreign languages, artistic gymnastics, dance and checkers are organized at the kindergarten, along with classes in music and physical culture. Interesting games and competitions are held to facilitate their development as physically sound, clever, spiritually mature people, while a diversity of review contests, sporting competitions and concert shows serve for the formation and realization of their talents and abilities.

www.uza.uz


December 8 – the Constitution Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan

In this year the Republic of Uzbekistan is celebrating the 21st anniversary of the Constitution. This document laid a legal basis for the further formation of a democratic state, free market economy and formation of civil society where the citizen, his interests, rights and freedoms is the supreme value.

December 8 has been celebrated since 1992 as the day of adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. This national holiday gives us an opportunity to analyze the essence and content of each article described in the basic law.

The Constitution is first of all a legal document, that specifies key directions of sociopolitical and socioeconomic development of the state. It stipulates that human being, his life, freedom, honor, dignity and other inalienable rights are the supreme value laying the basis for legal regulation of relationships between the citizen, society and state. Every line of the Constitution focuses on ensuring bright hopes of every citizen of Uzbekistan.

 


CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

·         ·PREAMBLE

·         PART ONE. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

o    Chapter 1. State Sovereignty

o    Chapter 2. Democracy

o    Chapter 3. Supremacy of the Constitution and the Law

o    Chapter 4. Foreign Policy

·         PART TWO. BASIC HUMAN AND CIVIL RIGHTS, FREEDOMS AND DUTIES

o    Chapter 5. General Provisions

o    Chapter 6. Citizenship

o    Chapter 7. Personal Rights and Freedoms

o    Chapter 8. Political Rights

o    Chapter 9. Economic and Social Rights

o    Chapter 10. Guarantees of Human Rights and Freedoms

o    Chapter 11. Duties of Citizens

·         PART THREE. SOCIETY AND THE INDIVIDUAL

o    Chapter 12. The Economic Foundation of Society

o    Chapter 13. Public Associations

o    Chapter 14. Family

o    Chapter 15. Mass Media

·         PART FOUR. ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE AND STATE SYSTEM

o    Chapter 16. Administrative and Territorial Structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan

o    Chapter 17. Republic of Karakalpakstan

·         PART FIVE. ORGANIZATION OF STATE AUTHORITY

o    Chapter 18. Oily Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan

o    Chapter 19. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

o    Chapter 20. Cabinet of Ministers

o    Chapter 21. Fundamental Principles of Local Bodies of State Authority

o    Chapter 22. Judicial Authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

o    Chapter 23. Electoral System

o    Chapter 24. Procurator’s Office

o    Chapter 25. Finance and Crediting

o    Chapter 26. Defence and Security

·         PART SIX. PROCEDURE FOR AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION

Preamble

The people of Uzbekistan,
solemnly declaring their adherence to human rights and principles of state sovereignty, aware of their ultimate responsibility to the present and the future generations, relying on historical experience in the development of Uzbek statehood, affirming their commitment to the ideals of democracy and social justice, recognizing priority of the generally accepted norms of the international law, aspiring to a worthy life for the citizens of the Republic, setting forth the task of creating a humane and democratic rule of law, aiming to ensure civil peace and national accord, represented by their plenipotentiary deputies adopt the present Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Part one. Fundamental principles

Chapter 1. State Sovereignty

Article 1. Uzbekistan is a sovereign democratic republic. Both names of the state – the Republic of Uzbekistan and Uzbekistan – shall be equivalent.

Article 2. The state shall express the will of the people and serve their interests. State bodies and officials shall be accountable to the society and the citizens.

Article 3. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall determine its national-state and administrative-territorial structure, its structure of state authority and administration, and shall pursue independent home and foreign policies.

The state frontier and the territory of Uzbekistan shall be inviolable and indivisible.

Article 4. The state language of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be Uzbek. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall ensure a respectful attitude toward the languages, customs and traditions of all nationalities and ethnic groups living on its territory, and create the conditions necessary for their development.

Article 5. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall have its state symbols – the flag, the emblem, and the anthem-sanctioned by the law.

Article 6. The capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be the city of Tashkent.

Chapter 2. Democracy

Article 7. The people are the sole source of state power. State power in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be exercised in the interests of the people and solely by the bodies empowered therefore by the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the laws passed on its basis. Any seizure of powers belonging to state authority, suspension or termination of activity of the bodies of state authority contrary to the procedure prescribed by the Constitution, as well as the formation of any new or parallel bodies of state authority shall be regarded as unconstitutional and punishable by law.

Article 8. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regardless of their nationality, constitute the people of Uzbekistan.

Article 9. Major matters of public and state life shall be submitted for a nation-wide discussion and put to a direct vote of the people (a referendum). The procedure for holding referendums shall be specified by law.

Article 10. The Oily Majlis (Supreme Assembly) and President of the Republic, elected by the people, shall have the exclusive right to act on behalf of the people. No section of society, political party, public association, movement or individual shall have the right to act on behalf of the people of Uzbekistan.

Article 11. The principle of the separation of power between the legislative, executive and judicial authorities shall underlie the system of state authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 12. In the Republic of Uzbekistan, public life shall develop on the basis of a diversity of political institutions, ideologies and opinions. No ideology shall be granted the status of state ideology.

The principle of the separation of power between the legislative, executive and judicial authorities shall underlie the system of state authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 13. Democracy in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall rest on the principles common to all mankind, according to which the ultimate value is the human being, his life, freedom, honour, dignity and other inalienable rights. Democratic rights and freedoms shall be protected by the Constitution and the laws.

Article 14. The state shall function on the principles of social justice and legality in the interests of the people and society.

Chapter 3. Supremacy of the Constitution and the Law

Article 15. The Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have absolute supremacy in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The state, its bodies, officials, public associations and citizens shall act in accordance with the Constitution and the laws.

Article 16. None of the provisions of the present Constitution shall be interpreted in a way detrimental to the rights and interests of the Republic of Uzbekistan. None of the laws or normative legal acts shall run counter to the norms and principles established by the Constitution.

Chapter 4. Foreign Policy

Article 17. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall have full rights in international relations. Its foreign policy shall be based on the principles of sovereign equality of the states, non-use of force or threat of its use, inviolability of frontiers, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-interference in the internal affairs of other states, and other universally recognized norms of international law.
The Republic may form alliances, join or withdraw from unions and other inter-state organizations proceeding from the ultimate interests of the state and the people, their well-being and security.

Part two. Basic human and civil rights, freedoms and duties


Chapter 5. General Provisions

Article 18. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have equal rights and freedoms, and shall be equal before the law, without discrimination by sex, race, nationality, language, religion, social origin, convictions, individual and social status.

Any privileges may be granted solely by the law and shall conform to the principles of social justice.

Article 19. Both citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the state shall be bound by mutual rights and mutual responsibility. Citizens’ rights and freedoms, established by the Constitution and the laws, shall be inalienable. No one shall have the power to deny a citizen his rights and freedoms, or to infringe on them except by the sentence of a court.

Article 20. The exercise of rights and freedoms by a citizen shall not encroach on the lawful interests, rights and freedoms of other citizens, the state or society.

Chapter 6. Citizenship

Article 21. In the Republic of Uzbekistan, uniform citizenship shall be established throughout its territory.

Citizenship in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be equal for all regardless of the grounds of its acquisition.

Every citizen of the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be a citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The grounds and procedure for acquiring and forfeiting citizenship shall be defined by law.

Article 22. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall guarantee legal protection to all its citizens both on the territory of the republic and abroad.

Article 23. Foreign citizens and stateless persons, during their stay on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan, shall be guaranteed the rights and freedoms in accordance with the norms of international law.

They shall perform the duties established by the Constitution, laws, and international agreements signed by the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Chapter 7. Personal Rights and Freedoms

Article 24. The right to exist is the inalienable right of every human being. Attempts on anyone’s life shall be regarded as the gravest crime.

Article 25. Everyone shall have the right to freedom and inviolability of the person.
No one may be arrested or taken into custody except on lawful grounds.

Article 26. No one may be adjudged guilty of a crime except by the sentence of a court and in conformity with the law. Such a person shall be guaranteed the right to legal defence during open court proceedings.

No one may be subject to torture, violence or any other cruel or humiliating treatment.

No one may be subject to any medical or scientific experiments without his consent.

Article 27. Everyone shall be entitled to protection against encroachments on his honour, dignity, and interference in his private life, and shall be guaranteed inviolability of the home.

No one may enter a home, carry out a search or an examination, or violate the privacy of correspondence and telephone conversations, except on lawful grounds and in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.

Article 28. Any citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to freedom of movement on the territory of the Republic, as well as a free entry to and exit from it, except in the events specified by law.

Article 29. Everyone shall be guaranteed freedom of thought, speech and convictions. Everyone shall have the right to seek, obtain and disseminate any information, except that which is directed against the existing constitutional system and in some other instances specified by law.
Freedom of opinion and its expression may be restricted by law if any state or other secret is involved.

Article 30. All state bodies, public associations and officials in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall allow any citizen access to documents, resolutions and other materials, relating to their rights and interests.

Article 31. Freedom of conscience is guaranteed to all. Everyone shall have the right to profess or not to profess any religion. Any compulsory imposition of religion shall be impermissible.

Chapter 8. Political Rights

Article 32. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to participate in the management and administration of public and state affairs, both directly and through representation. They may exercise this right by way of self-government, referendums and democratic formation of state bodies.

Article 33. All citizens shall have the right to engage in public life by holding rallies, meetings and demonstrations in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The bodies of authority shall have the right to suspend or ban such undertakings exclusively on the grounds of security.

Article 34. All citizens of the republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to form trade unions, political parties and any other public associations, and to participate in mass movements.

Article 35. Everyone shall have the right, both individually and collectively, to submit applications and proposals, and to lodge complaints with competent state bodies, institutions and public representatives.
Such applications, proposals and complaints shall be considered in accordance with the procedure and within the time-limit specified by law.

Chapter 9. Economic and Social Rights

Article 36. Everyone shall have the right to own property.

The privacy of bank deposits and the right to inheritance shall be guaranteed by law.

Article 37. Everyone shall have the right to work, including the right to choose their occupation. Every citizen shall be entitled to fair conditions of labour and protection against unemployment in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.

Any forced labour shall be prohibited, except as punishment under the sentence of a court, or in some other Instances specified by law.

Article 38. Citizens working on hire shall be entitled to a paid rest. The number of working hours and the duration of paid leave shall be specified by law.

Article 39. Everyone shall have the right to social security in old age, in the event of disability and loss of the bread-winner as well as in some other cases specified by law.
Pensions, allowances and other kinds of welfare may not be lower than the officially fixed minimum subsistence wage.

Article 40. Everyone shall have the right to receive skilled medical care.

Article 41. Everyone shall have the right to education. The state shall guarantee free secondary education. Schooling shall be under state supervision.

Article 42. Everyone shall be guaranteed the freedom of scientific research and engineering work, as well as the right to enjoy cultural benefits. The state shall promote the cultural, scientific and technical development of society.

Chapter 10. Guarantees of Human Rights and Freedoms

Article 43. The state shall safeguard the rights and freedoms of citizens proclaimed by the Constitution and laws.

Article 44. Everyone shall be entitled to legally defend his rights and freedoms, and shall have the right to appeal any unlawful action of state bodies, officials and public associations.

Article 45. The rights of minors, the disabled, and the elderly shall be protected by the state.

Article 46. Women and men shall have equal rights.

Chapter 11. Duties of Citizens

Article 47. All citizens shall perform the duties established by the Constitution.

Article 48. All citizens shall be obliged to observe the Constitution and laws, and to respect the rights, freedoms, honour and dignity of others.

Article 49. It is the duty of every citizen to protect the historical, spiritual and cultural heritage of the people of Uzbekistan.

Cultural monuments shall have protection *y the state.

Article 50. All citizens shall protect the environment. Article 51. All citizens shall be obliged to pay taxes and local fees established by law.

Article 52. Defence of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the duty of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Citizens will be obliged to perform military or alternative service in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.

Part three. Society and the individual

Chapter 12. The Economic Foundation of Society

Article 53. The economy of Uzbekistan, evolving towards market relations, is based on various forms of ownership. The state shall guarantee freedom of economic activity, entrepreneurship and labour with due regard for the priority of consumers’ rights, as well as equality and legal protection of all forms of ownership.

Private property, along with the other types of property, shall be inviolable and protected by the state. An owner may be deprived of his property solely in the cases and in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.

Article 54. An owner shall possess, use and dispose of his property. The use of any property must not be harmful to the ecological environment, nor shall it infringe on the rights and legally protected interests of citizens, juridical entities or the state.

Article 55. The land, its minerals, fauna and flora, as well as other natural resources shall constitute the national wealth, and shall be rationally used and protected by the state.

Chapter 13. Public Associations

Article 56. Trade unions, political parties, and scientific societies, as well as women’s, veterans’ and youth leagues, professional associations, mass movements and other organizations registered in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law, shall have the status of public associations in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 57. The formation and functioning of political parties and public associations aiming to do the following shall be prohibited: changing the existing constitutional system by force; coming out against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of the Republic, as well as the constitutional rights and freedoms of its citizens; advocating war and social, national, racial and religious hostility, and encroaching on the health and morality of the people, as well as of any armed associations and political parties based on the national or religious principles.
All secret societies and associations shall be banned.

Article 58. The state shall safeguard the rights and lawful interests of public associations and provide them with equal legal possibilities for participating in public life.
Interference by state bodies and officials in the activity of public associations, as well as interference by public associations in the activity of state bodies and officials is impermissible.

Article 59. Trade unions shall express and protect the socio-economic rights and interests of the working people. Membership in trade unions is optional.

Article 60. Political parties shall express the political will of various sections and groups of the population, and through their democratically elected representatives shall participate in the formation of state authority. Political parties shall submit public reports on their financial sources to the Oily Majlis or their plenipotentiary body in a prescribed manner.

Article 61. Religious organizations and associations shall be separated from the state and equal before law. The state shall not interfere with the activity of religious associations.

Article 62. Public associations may be dissolved or banned, or subject to restricted activity solely by the sentence of a court.

Chapter 14. Family

Article 63. The family is the primary unit of society and shall have the right to state and societal protection.
Marriage shall be based on the willing consent and equality of both parties.

Article 64. Parents shall be obliged to support and care for their children until the latter are of age.
The state and society shall support, care for and educate orphaned children, as well as children deprived of parental guardianship, and encourage charity in their favour.

Article 65. All children shall be equal before the law regardless of their origin and the civic status of their parents.
Motherhood and childhood shall be protected by the state.

Article 66. Able-bodied children who are of age shall be obliged to care for their parents.

Chapter 15. Mass Media

Article 67. The mass media shall be free and act in accordance with the law. It shall bear responsibility for trustworthiness of information in a prescribed manner. Censorship is impermissible.

Part four. Administrative and territorial structure and State system

Chapter 16. Administrative and Territorial Structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 68. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall consist of regions, districts, cities, towns, settlements, kishlaks and auls (villages) in Uzbekistan and the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

Article 69. Any alteration of the boundaries of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions, the city of Tashkent, as well as the formation and annulment of regions, cities, towns and districts shall be sanctioned by the Oily Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Chapter 17. Republic of Karakalpakstan

Article 70. The sovereign Republic of Karakalpakstan is part of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The sovereignty of the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be protected by the republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 71. The republic of Karakalpakstan shall have its own Constitution.
The Constitution of the Republic of Karakalpakstan must be in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 72. The laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be binding on the territory of the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

Article 73. The territory and boundaries of the Republic of Karakalpakstan may not be altered without the consent of Karakalpakstan. The republic of Karakalpakstan shall be independent in determining its administrative and territorial structure.

Article 74. The Republic of Karakalpakstan shall have the right to secede from the Republic of Uzbekistan on the basis of a nation-wide referendum held by the people of Karakalpakstan.

Article 75. Relationship between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Karakalpakstan, within the framework of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, shall be regulated by treaties and agreements concluded by the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

Any disputes between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be settled by the way of reconciliation.

Part five. Organization of State Authority

Chapter 18. Oily Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 76. The supreme state representative body shall be the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan that exercises legislative power.

The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall consist of two chambers – the Legislative Chamber (the lower chamber) and the Senate (the upper chamber).

The term of powers of the Legislative chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan—five years.

Article 77. The Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall consist of one hundred twenty deputies elected by territorial constituencies on a multiparty basis.

The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be the chamber of territorial representation and consist of members of the Senate (senators).

Members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be elected in equal quantity — in six persons — from the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regions and the city of Tashkent by secret ballot at relevant joint sessions of deputies of Zhokarghy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, representative bodies of state authority of regions, districts, cities and towns from among these deputies. Sixteen members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be appointed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan from among the most authoritative citizens with large practical experience and special merits in the sphere of science, art, literature, manufacture and other spheres of state and public activity.

A deputy of the Legislative Сhamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as a member of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, may be a citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan who has reached on the date of the elections twenty five years of age and permanently residing on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan not less than five years. Requirements for candidates to be a deputy shall be determined by law.

One and the same person may not be simultaneously a deputy of the Legislative Chamber and a member of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 78. The joint conducting of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall include:

1. adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, introducing amendments;

2. adoption of the Constitutional laws and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, introducing amendments;

3. adoption of decision on holding a referendum of the Republic of Uzbekistan and designation the date of its holding;

4. determination of the guidelines of home and foreign policies of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and adoption of strategic state programmes;

5. determination of the structure and powers of the bodies of the legislative, executive and judicial authorities of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

6. admission of new state formations into the Republic of Uzbekistan and approval of decisions to secede from the Republic of Uzbekistan;

7. legislative regulation of customs, currency and credit systems;

8. approval of the state budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan submitted by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan and control over its execution;

9. determination of taxes and other compulsory payments;

10. legislative regulation of the administrative and territorial structure, and alteration of the boundaries of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

11. formation, annulment and renaming of districts, towns, cities and regions, and alteration of their boundaries;

12. institution of state awards and titles;

13. ratification of decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the formation and abolition of ministries, state committees and other bodies of state administration;

14. formation of the Central Election Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

15. consideration and approval, upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, of a nominee of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

16. election of an authorized person of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for human rights and his deputy;

17. consideration of report of the Accounting Chamber of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

18. ratification of decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on announcement of condition of war in case of attack on the Republic of Uzbekistan or necessity of implementation of contractual obligations on mutual defense from aggression;

19. ratification of decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on announcement of general and partial mobilization, introducing, prolon¬gation and discontinuance of the state of emergency;

20. ratification and denouncement of international treaties;

21. exercising of other powers specifed by the present Constitution.

The matters on joint conducting by the chambers shall be considered, as a rule, first by the Legislative Chamber and then by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 79. The exclusive powers of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall include:

1. election of the Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies, chairmen of committees and their deputies;

2. ruling of matters on deprivation of immunity a deputy of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan submitted by the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

3. adoption of decisions on matters relating to the organization of its activity and the internal schedule of the chamber;

4. adoption of resolutions on those or other matters in the sphere of political, social and economic life, as well as matters of home and foreign policies of the state.

Article 80. The exclusive powers of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall include:

1. election of the Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies, chairmen of committees and their deputies;

2. election, upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

3. election, upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

4. election, upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, of the Higher Economic Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

5. appointment and relief of the Chairman of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Protection of Nature of his post upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

6. ratification of decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on appointment and relief of the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies of their posts;

7. ratification of decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on appointment and relief of the Chairman of the National Security Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan of his post;

8. appointment and relief of diplomatic and other representatives of the Republic of Uzbekistan to foreign states of their posts upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

9. appointment and relief of the Chairman of the Board of the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan of his post upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

10. upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan adoption of acts of amnesty;

11. upon the nomination of the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan ruling of matters on deprivation of immunity a member of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

12. hearing reports of the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Chairman of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Protection of Nature, the Chairman of the Board of the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

13. adoption of decisions on matters relating to the organization of its activity and the internal schedule of the chamber;

14. adoption of resolutions on those or other matters in the sphere of political, social and economic life, as well as matters of home and foreign policies of the state.

Article 81. The Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, after expiry of their terms of powers, shall continue their activity until the beginning of the work accordingly of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of new convocation.

The first sittings of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be convoked by the Central Election Committee accordingly not later than in two months after the elections to the Legislative Chamber and not later than in one month after the formation of the Senate.

Sittings of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be convoked during sessions. Sessions shall be convoked, as a rule, since the first working day of September till the last working day of June of the next year.

Sittings of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be convoked as required, but not less often than three times a year.

Sittings of the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be empowered if not less than half of the total number of all deputies, senators paticipiate in their work.

At adoption of the constitutional laws, presence of not less than two thirds of the total number of all deputies, senators shall be obligatory.

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Prime Minister, members of the Cabinet of Ministers, the Chairmen of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and the Higher Economic Court, the Procurator-General of the Republic, the Chairman of the Board of the Central Bank shall have the right to attend sittings of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as sittings of their bodies. The Chairman of the Senate shall have the right to attend sittings of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its bodies, the Speaker of the Legislative Chamber—sittings of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its bodies.

The Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall convoke separately.

The joint sittings of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be convoked upon taking the oath by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, making speeches by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on major matters of social and economic life, home and foreign policies of the country, making speeches by heads of foreign states. As agreed by the chambers the joint sittings of the chambers may be convoked on other matters.

Article 82. The Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, on matterss relating to their conducting, shall adopt resolutions.

Resolutions of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be adopted by a majority of votes of the total number of deputies of the Legislative Chamber or members of the Senate except for cases stipulated by the present Constitution.

Article 83. The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall pass laws, decisions and other acts. Any law shall be adopted when it is passed by a majority of the total voting power of the deputies of the Oliy Majlis.

Promulgation of the laws and other normative acts shall be a compulsory condition for their enforcement.

Article 84. The law shall come into effect when it is adopted by the Legislative Chamber, approved by the Senate, signed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and issued in the official publications in specified by law procedure.

The law, adopted by the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, not later than ten days from the date of adoption, shall be addressed to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The law, approved by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, within ten days, shall be addressed to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for signing and promulgation.

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, within thirty days, shall sign the law and promulgate it.

The law, rejected by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, shall be returned to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

In case of the second consideration of the rejected by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan law and approval the law anew by the Legislative Chamber, by a majority in two thirds of votes of the total number of deputies, it shall be considered to be adopted by the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and addressed by the Legislative Chamber to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for signing and promulgation.

On the rejected by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan law the Legislative Chamber and the Senate, on a par with, may form from among deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate a conciliatory commission for overcoming the occured disagreements. At adoption by the chambers proposals of the conciliatory commission the law shall be subject to consideration in ordinary procedure.

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to return the law with his objections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

In case of approval of the law in the earlier adopted edition by a majority not less than two thirds of votes of the total number accordingly of deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the law shall be subject to signing by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan within fourteen days and promulgation.

Publication of laws and other normative-legal acts shall be an obligatory condition for their application.

Article 85. The Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall elect from its composition the Speaker of the Legislative Chamber and his deputies.

The Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies shall be elected by a majority of votes of the total number of deputies by secret ballot for the term of powers of the Legislative Chamber.

The Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan may be recalled before the appointed time by decision of the Legislative Chamber adopted by more than two thirds of votes of the total number of deputies of the Legislative Chamber by secret ballot.

The Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall:

1. convoke sittings of the Legislative Chamber, preside at them;

2. exercise the general direction over a preliminary review of matters to be submitted for consideration by the Legislative Chamber;

3. coordinate the work of the committees and commissions of the Legislative Chamber;

4. organize the control over the implementation of laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan and resolutions of the Legislative Chamber;

5. direct the work on interparliamentary relations and the activity of the groups of the Legislative Chamber connected with the work of international parliamentary organizations;

6. represent the Legislative Chamber in interrelation with the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, other state bodies, foreign states, international and other organizations;

7. sign resolutions of the Legislative Chamber;

8. exercise other powers stipulated by the present Constitution and legislation.

The Speaker of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall issue ordinances.

Article 86. The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall elect from among its composition the Chairman of the Senate and his deputies. The Chairman of the Senate shall be elected upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

One of the Deputies Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be a representative from the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

The Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his Deputies shall be elected by a majority of votes of the total number of senators by secret ballot for the term of powers of the Senate.

The Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan may be recalled before the appointed time by decision of the Senate adopted by more than two thirds of votes of the total number of senators by secret ballot.

The Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall:

1. convoke sittings of the Senate, preside at them;

2. exercise the general direction over a preliminary review of matters to be submitted for consideration by the Senate;

3. coordinate the work of the committees, commissions of the Senate;

4. organize the control over the implementation of laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan and resolutions of the Senate;

5. direct the work on interparliamentary relations and the activity of the groups of the Senate connected with the work of international parlia¬mentary organizations;

6. represent the Senate in interrelation with the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, other state bodies, foreign states, international and other organizations;

7. sign resolutions of the Senate;

8. exercise other powers stipulated by the present Constitution and legislation.

The Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall issue ordinances.

Article 87. The Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the term of its powers shall elect from among deputies of the Legislative Chamber the committees for draftig laws, preliminary consideration and preparation of matters to be submitted to the Legislative Chamber, control over the implementation of laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan and decisions to be adopted by the Legislative Chamber.

The Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the term of its powers shall elect from among senators the committees for preliminary consideration and preparation of matters to be submitted to the Senate, control over the implementation of laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan and decisions to be adopted by the Senate.

The Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in case of necessity for the implementation of concrete tasks, shall organize commissions from among deputies, senators.

Article 88. To deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan expences, connected with deputy or senator activities, shall be compensated in the established procedure.

Deputies of the Legislative Chamber and members of the Senate, working in the Senate on a permanent basis for the period of their powers, may not be engaged in other paid activity except for research and pedagogical.

A deputy of the Legislative Chamber and a member of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right of immunity. They may not be brought to criminal responsibility, arrested or subject to measures of administrative penalty imposed in the judicial order, without the consent accordingly of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate.

Chapter 19. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Article 89. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the Head of the State and executive authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 90. A citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan not younger thirty five, being in full command of the state language and permanently residing on the territory of Uzbekistan for at least 10 years, immediately preceding the elections, may be elected the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. One and the same person may not be the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for more than two consecutive terms.

A citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan not younger thirty five, being in full command of the state language and permanently residing on the territory of Uzbekistan for at least 10 years, immediately preceding the elections, may be elected the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. One and the same person may not be the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for more than two consecutive terms.

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be elected by citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the basis of the universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot for the term of seven years. The procedure for electing the President shall be defined by law of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 91. The President, during his term of office, may not hold any other paid post, serve as deputy of representative body, engage in commercial activity.
The President shall enjoy personal immunity and protection under law.

Article 92. The President shall be regarded as having assumed office upon taking an oath of the following content at sitting of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan:

“I do solemnly swear to faithfully serve the people of Uzbekistan, to strictly follow the Constitution and laws of the Republic, to guarantee the rights and freedoms of its citizens, and to conscientiously perform the duties vested on the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.”
Article 93. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall:

1) guarantee observance of rights and freedoms of citizens, the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

2) take necessary measures on the protection of sovereignty, security and territorial integrity of the Republic of Uzbekistan, implementation of decisions regarding its national-state structure;

3) represent the Republic of Uzbekistan within the country and in international relations;

4) conduct negotiations and sign treaties and agreements of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ensure the observance of the negotiated by the Republic treaties, agreements and the assumed by it obligations;

5) receive letters of credence and recall from diplomatic and other representatives accredited to him;

6) present to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan nominees for appointment of diplomatic and other representatives of the Republic of Uzbekistan to foreign states;

7) present to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan annual reports on major matters of social and economic life, home and foreign policies of the country;

8) form the office of executive authority and direct it; ensure interaction of the supreme bodies of authority and administration of the Republic; form and abolish ministries, state committees and other bodies of state administration with subsequent submission of decrees on these matters for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

9) represent to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan a nominee for the election on the post of the Chairman of the Senate;

10) represent for consideration and approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan a nominee of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan and relieve him of his post;

11) approve, upon the nomination of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, members of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan and relieve them of their posts;

12) appoint and relieve the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan and his deputies of their posts with their subsequent approval by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

13) represent to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan nominees on the posts of the Chairman and judges of the Constitutional Court, the Chairman and judges of the Supreme Court, the Chairman and judges of the Higher Economic Court, the Chairman of the Board of the Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Chairman of the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Protection of Nature;

14) appoint and relieve judges of regional, interdistrict, district, city, martial and economic courts of their posts;

15) appoint and relieve khokims of regions and the city of Tashkent of their posts with their subsequent approval by relevant Kenghashes of people’s deputies. The President shall have the right to relieve, by his decision, khokims of districts and cities of their posts, should they violate the Constitution, laws or perform acts discrediting the honour and dignity of a khokim;

16) suspend and repeal acts passed by bodies of state administration, as well as khokims;

17) sign and promulgate laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan; shall have the right to return a law, with his objections, to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the second discussion and vote;

18) announce condition of war in case of attack on the Republic of Uzbekistan or in case of necessity of the implementation of contractual obligations on mutual defense from aggression and within seventy two hours submit the adopted decision for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

19) in exceptional cases (real outside threat, mass disturbances, major catastrophes, natural calamities, epidemics) in the interests of ensuring citizens’ security introduce the state of emergency on the entire territory or in the particular localities of the Republic of Uzbekistan and within seventy two hours submit the adopted decision for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Conditions and the procedure for introducing the state of emergency shall be regulated by law;

20) serve as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan, appoint and relieve the supreme command of the Armed Forces of the post and confer the highest millitary ranks;

21) award orders, medals and certificates of honour of the Republic of Uzbekistan, confer qualification and honorary titles of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

22) rule on matters of citizenship of the Republic of Uzbekistan and granting political asylum;

23) put to the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan submission on adoption of acts of amnesty and effectuate pardoning of persons condemned by courts of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

24) form the National Security Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan, nominate and relieve the Chairman of the National Security Service of his post with the subsequent submission of decrees on these matters for approval by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

25) exercise other powers stipulated by the present Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The President shall not have the right to transfer exercising of his powers to state bodies or officials.

Article 94. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall issue decrees, resolutions and ordinances binding on the entire territory of the Republic on the basis of and for enforcement of the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 95. The Legislative Chamber, the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan may be dissolved, by the decision of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted as agreed with the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in case of insuperable disagreements within the Legislative Chamber or the Senate putting under threat their normal functioning or numerous adoption by them decisions contradicting the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as insuperable disagreements between the Legislative Chamber and the Senate putting under threat the normal functioning of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

In case of dissolution of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the new elections shall be held within three months.

The Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan may not be dissolved during the state of emergency.

Article 96. Should the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan fail to perform his duties due to poor health confirmed by a certificate of a State Medical Commission formed by joint decision of the chambers, an extraordinary joint sitting of the chambers of the Oliy Majlis shall be held within ten days. This sitting shall elect an acting President of the Republic of Uzbekistan from among its deputies, senators for the term up to three months. In this case the general elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be held within three months.

Article 97. The President, upon completion of his term of office, shall be a lifetime member of the Senate.

Chapter 20. Cabinet of Ministers

Article 98. The executive authority shall be exercised by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be composed of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan, his deputies, ministers, chairmen of state committees.The Head of the government of the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be a member of the Cabinet of Ministers.

The composition of the Cabinet of Ministers shall be formed by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The nominee of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be considered and approved by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Members of the Cabinet of Ministers shall be approved by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan upon the nomination of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Cabinet of Ministers shall provide the direction of the effective functioning for the economic, social and spiritual spheres, the implemen¬tation of laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, decisions of the Oliy Majlis, decrees, resolutions and ordinances of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Cabinet of Ministers in accordance with the current legislation shall issue resolutions and ordinances binding on all bodies, enterprises, institutions, organizations, officials and citizens on the entire territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall organize and direct the activity of the Cabinet of Ministers being responsible for efficiency of his work, preside at sittings of the Cabinet of Ministers, sign its decisions, upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan represent the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan in international relations, exercise other functions stipulated by laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, decrees, resolutions and ordinances of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to preside at sittings of the Cabinet of Ministers, adopt decisions on matters relating to the competence of the Cabinet of Ministers, as well as to abolish resolutions and ordinances of the Cabinet of Ministers, ordinances of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan proceeding from article 89 and article 93 of the present Constitution.

The Cabinet of Ministers, in its work, shall be responsible before the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The Cabinet of Ministers shall tender its resignation to the newly-elected Oliy Majlis.
The procedure for the organization of the work and competence of the Cabinet of Ministers shall be defined by law.

Chapter 21. Fundamental Principles of Local Bodies of State Authority

Article 99. The Kenghashes of people’s deputies, led by khokims, are the representative bodies of authority in regions, districts, cities and towns (except towns subordinate to district centres, as well as city districts). They shall act upon matters within their competence in accordance with the interests of the state and citizens.

Article 100. The joint conducting of the local bodies of authority shall include:
• ensurance of legality, legal order and security of citizens;
• matters of economic, social and cultural development within their territories;
• formation and implementation of the local budget, determination of the local taxes and fees, formation of non-budget funds;
• direction of the municipal economy;
• protection of the environment;
• ensurance of the registration of civil status acts;
• adoption of normative acts and exercising of other powers which are not contrary to the Constitution and legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 101. The local bodies of authority shall enforce laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, decrees of the President, decisions of the higner bodies of state authority, participate in the discussion of matters of national and local significance.

The decisions of the higner bodies, adopted within their competence, shall be binding on the subordinate bodies.

The term of office of the Kenghashes of people’s deputies and khokims is five years.

Article 102. The khokim of region, district, city and town shall serve as the head of the representative and executive authorities of his relevant territory.

The khokim of region and the city of Tashkent shall be appointed and relieved of his post by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and approved by the relevant Kenghash of people’s deputies.

The khokims of districts, cities and towns shall be appointed and relieved of their posts by the khokim of the relevant region and approved by the relevant Kenghash of people’s deputies.
The khokims of city districts shall be appointed and relieved of their posts by the khokim of the relevant city and approved by the city Kenghash of people’s deputies.

The khokims of towns subordinate to district centres shall be appointed and relieved of their posts by the khokim of the district and appropved by the district Kenghash of people’s deputies.

Article 103. The khokim of region, district, city and town shall exercise his powers in accordance with the principle of one-man management and shall bear personal responsibility for decisions and actions of bodies directed by him.

The organization of the work and powers of khokims and local Kenghashes of people’s deputies, as well as the procedure for the elections to the local Kenghashes of people’s deputies, shall be regulated by law.

Article 104. The khokim within his vested powers shall adopt decisions which are binding on all enterprises, institutions, organizations, associations, as well as officials and citizens on the relevant territory.

Article 105. Self-governing bodies in settlements, kishlaks and auls, as well as in makhallas of cities, towns, settlements, kishlaks and auls, shall be assemblies of citizens electing Chairman (aksakal) and his advisers for the term of two and a half years.

The procedure for the elections, organization of the work and powers of self-governing bodies shall be regulated by law.

Chapter 22. Judicial Authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 106. The judicial authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall function independently from the legislative and executive authorities, political parties, other public associations.

Article 107. The judicial system in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall consist of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Higher Economic Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the supreme courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan on civil and criminal cases, the Economic Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan elected for the term of five years, regional and Tashkent city courts on civil and criminal cases, interdistrict, district and city courts on civil and criminal cases, martial and economic courts for the same term.

The organization and procedure for the operation of courts shall be specified by law.
The formation of extraordinary courts shall be inadmissible.

Article 108. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall hear cases relating to the constitutionality of acts of the legislative and executive authorities.

The Constitutional Court shall be elected from political and legal scholars and shall consist of the Chairman, Deputy Chairman and judges of the Constitutional Court including a representative from the Republic of Karakalpakstan.

No member of the Constitutional Court, including the Chairman, shall have the right to simultaneously serve as a deputy.

The Chairman and members of the Constitutional Court may not be members of political parties and movements nor hold any other paid posts.

The judges of the Constitutional Court shall have the right of immunity.

The judges of the Constitutional Court shall be independent in their work and subordinate solely to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 109. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall:

1. define the compliance of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan and resolutions of the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, enactments of the government and local bodies of state authority, interstate treaties and other obligations of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

2. conform the compliance of the Constitution of the Republic of Karakalpakstan to the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, laws of the Republic of Karakalpakstan — to laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

3. interpret the norms of the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

4. hear other cases relating to its competence in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan;

The judgements of the Constitutional Court shall take effect upon publication. They shall be final and not subject to appeal.

The organization and procedure for the work of the Constitutional Court shall be specified by law.

Article 110. The Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be the supreme judicial body of civil, criminal and administration proceedings.

The adopted by it acts shall be final and binding on the entire territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to supervise the administration of justice of the supreme courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional, city, interdistrict, district and martial courts.

Article 111. Any economic and management disputes, that may arise between enterprises, institutions and organizations based on different forms of ownership, as well as between entrepreneurs, shall be settled by the Higher Economic Court and economic courts within their competence.

Article 112. Judges shall be independent and subject solely to law. Any interference in the work of judges in administering law shall be inadmissible and punishable by law.

The immunity of judges shall be guaranteed by law.
Judges may not be senators, deputies of the representative bodies of state authority.

Judges may not be members of political parties, participate in political movements, as well as be engaged in any other paid activity except for research and pedagogical.

Before the completion of his term of office, a judge may be relieved of his post only on grounds specified by law.

Article 113. Examination of cases in all courts shall be open to the public. Hearings in camera shall be allowed only in cases prescribed by law.

Article 114. Court verdicts shall be binding on all state bodies, public associations, enterprises, institutions, organizations, officials and citizens.

Article 115. Legal proceedings in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be conducted in Uzbek, Karakalpak or in a language spoken by the majority of the population in the locality. Persons participating in court proceedings, who do not know the language in which it is being conducted, shall have the right to be fully acquainted with the materials of the case, participate through an interpreter in proceedings and address the court in their native language.

Article 116. An accused shall be ensured the right to defence.
The right to legal assistance shall be guaranteed at any stage of investigation and legal proceedings. Legal assistance to citizens, enterprises, institutions and organizations shall be given by the College of Barristers. The organization and procedure for the work of the College of Barristers shall be specified by law.

Chapter 23. Electoral System

Article 117. Citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to elect and be elected to the representative bodies of state authority. Every elector shall have one vote. The right to vote, equality and freedom of expression of will shall be guaranteed by law.

The elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Jokarghy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, to the representative bodies of state authority in regions, districts, cities and towns shall be held accordingly on the year of expiration of the constitutional term of their powers— on the first Sunday of the third decade of December. The elections shall be held on the basis of the general, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. The right to elect have the citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan who have reached eighteen years of age.

Members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be elected by secret ballot at relevant joint sittings of deputies of Jokarghy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the representative bodies of state authority in regions, districts, cities and towns from among these deputies not later a monthly term after their election.

Citizens, who have been legally certified as insane, as well as persons in prisons, may neither elect nor be elected. Any other direct or indirect infringement on citizens’ voting rights shall be inadmissible.

A citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan may not simultaneously be a deputy in more than two representative bodies of state authority.

The procedure for the elections shall be specified by law.

Chapter 24. Procurator’s Office

Article 118. The Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the procurators subordinate to him shall supervise the strict and uniform observance of laws on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 119. The Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall direct the centralized system of bodies of the procurator’s office.

The Procurator of the Republic of Karakalpakstan shall be appointed by the supreme representative body of the Republic of Karakalpakstan as agreed with the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The procurators of regions, districts, cities and towns shall be appointed by the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The term of office shall be five years for the Procurator-General of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Procurator of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the procurators of regions, districts, cities and towns.

Article 120. Bodies of the Procurator’s Office of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall exercise their powers independently of any state bodies, public associations and officials, and shall be subject solely to law.

Procurators for the term of their powers shall suspend their membership in political parties and other public associations pursuing political goals.

The organization, powers and procedure for the work of bodies of the Procu-rator’s Office shall be specified by law.

Article 121. On the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be prohibited establishment and functioning of private, cooperative organizations, public associations and their branches independently conducting any operational work, investigations, inquiries and other functions connected with combatting crime.

Public associations and citizens may render assistance to the law-enforcement bodies to safeguard legality and order, rights and freedoms of citizens.

Chapter 25. Finance and Crediting

Article 122. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall have independent financial, monetary and credit systems.

The state budget of Uzbekistan shall consist of the national budget, the budget of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and local budgets.

Article 123. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall have a single taxation system. The right to determine taxes shall belong to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 124. The banking system of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be directed by the Central Bank of the Republic.

Chapter 26. Defence and Security

Article 125. The Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be formed to defend the state sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Uzbekistan, peaceful life and security of its population.

The structure and organization of the Armed Forces shall be specified by law.

Article 126. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall maintain the Armed Forces to ensure its security at a level of reasonable sufficiency.

Part six. Procedure for amending the Constitution

Article 127. The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be altered by law adopted by a majority, not less than two thirds of the total number accordingly of deputies of the Legislature Chamber and members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, or by referendum of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 128. The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan may adopt law on alterations and amendments to the Constitution within six months after submission of a relevant proposal, with regard for its broad discussion. Should the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan reject a proposal on alteration of the Constitution, it may be renewed not earlier than in a year.

© 2014 uzbekembassy