The Uzbek-Indian relations
It is pleasant to note that India is one of the first states to recognize sovereignty of Uzbekistan. The protocol on establishment of diplomatic relations was signed in Tashkent on March 18, 1992.
The Uzbek-Indian relations distinguish with its high level of bilateral cooperation based on centuries-old history of comprehensive friendly roots between Uzbek people.
India is well-known in Uzbekistan for a long time as the country with rich history and unique culture, the country with which Uzbek people are connected with centuries-old cultural and trade and economic relations, and, above all – with bonds of sincere friendship.
On the results of the state visit the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan in India in May 2011, the Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership signed, expands the opportunities for boosting the cooperation across a broad spectrum of dimensions, including all aspects of political, economic, cultural-humanitarian spheres, which the two sides consider mutually advantageous. Showing commitment to centuries-old traditions of friendly relations, today Uzbekistan and India show mutual interest to bring interstate partnership on the level of qualitatively new boundaries.
The results of the visit to Uzbekistan of the Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi which took place on July 6-7, 2015 also witnessed to it. The Summit showed commitment of both countries to further developing and strengthening of the bilateral relations in all spheres.
Regularly held political consultations between foreign ministries of two countries are also one of the important mechanisms promoting advance of the Uzbek-Indian comprehensive partnership. There is also success in dialogue within the international and regional organizations.
The 15-th anniversary Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization under the chairmanship of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Tashkent on June 23-24, 2016 had become an important event in the history of the Uzbek-Indian relations. In the framework of SCO Summit Prime-minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi also held a bilateral meeting with the President of Uzbekistan Mr. Islam Karimov. Following the results of the Tashkent meeting of the Organization India had signed the Memorandum of obligations for obtaining the status of the member state of SCO. Participation of India in activity of this Organization will also promote strengthening of the atmosphere of trust, peace and stability in South Asia.
Uzbekistan regularly conducted high-level meetings and political dialogue with representatives from India. Particularly, on October 30-November 1, 2016, the Minister of State of External Affairs of India Mr. M.Akbar visited Uzbekistan and met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Mr. A.Kamilov.
Along with this, 1-7 December to observe the elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, December 4, 2016, 4 observers and 2 journalists participated from India.
Another important direction of the Uzbek-Indian communications is further expansion of trade and economic cooperation. Nowadays, both nations benefit of favored treatment in mutual trade between the two countries. The commodity turnover between Uzbekistan and India only for the first half of the year 2016 made about 160 million dollars. 97 enterprises with Indian capital and representation of 17 Indian companies are doing successful business in Uzbekistan. Representatives of Indian business are particularly interested in the opportunities provided by the transcontinental intermodal hub at the airport of the city of Navoi. Currently, this international hub operates regular flights to major transit points of the world, including such industrial centers of India like New Delhi and Mumbai.
The partnership in the healthcare sector has been dynamic, too. Medical workers of Uzbekistan and India exchange within programs of retraining and attending specialized courses in the clinics of the two countries.
An important direction of cooperation is the further expansion of the mutually advantageous interaction in the field of air transport. National Air Company “Uzbekistan Airways” conducts regular flights from Tashkent to New Delhi and Amritsar.
It is essential to note the increase the number if Indian tourists to Uzbekistan. Majestic architectural monuments of Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva and Shakhrizyabs which entered the list of cultural heritage of UNESCO, magnificent nature and climate, and also traditional hospitality of the Uzbek people are an integral part of interest of Indian to modern day of Independent Uzbekistan. Sharp increase of quantity of the Indian tourists to Uzbekistan is evident by the following number – only for the first half of 2016 the quantity of 7720 people visited Uzbekistan for the tourist purpose. Currently, the higher education institutions of Uzbekistan cooperate with more than 10 Indian universities and research institutions and centers. Dynamic has been the partnership in science; a number of research institutions of Uzbekistan’s Academy of Sciences interact and conduct joint research projects with academic centers in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune.
Undoubtedly, cooperation between Uzbekistan and India has a huge unused potential and high opportunities based on the strong and firm basis – century communications of friendship, trust and mutual understanding between Uzbek and Indian peoples.