Dispatch News Desk: «Uzbekistan has transmuted into a stable developing country”
Uzbekistan supports Sustainable Development Goals
Uzbekistan supports the new agenda for the future of humanity put forward by the United Nations Secretary- General – the Sustainable Development Goals aimed at 2016-2030, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov said at the UN Summit on Sustainable Development in New York on 25 September.
“First, I would like to underscore that the Republic of Uzbekistan supports the new agenda for the future of humanity put forward by the United Nations Secretary- General – the Sustainable Development Goals aimed at 2016-2030, which must become a logical and appropriate continuation of the Program for Millennium Development Goals for 2000-2015 coming to an end,” he said.
“We have already used this high rostrum of the United Nations in 2010 to inform the UN General Assembly about the concrete steps made by Uzbekistan along the path of achieving the goals stipulated in Millennium Declaration,” Uzbek minister said.
“Assessing the work accomplished for over the past years, today we have all grounds to state that Uzbekistan despite enormous challenges and trials, – once one of the most backward republics on its potential and poverty with a lop-sided economy has turned into a steadily and stably developing country with a modem diversified economy, which ensures a radical growth of well-being and living standards of population, as well as confident advancement along the path of democratic renewal and modernization,” the Uzbek official noted.
“According to the international financial and economic structures, at present the Republic of Uzbekistan occupies a fifth place in the world among the states with rapidly developing economy, and during the last 10 years in spite of ongoing global economic crisis the average GDP growth rates made up more than 8 percent,” he underlined.
“For over the years of independent development, i.e. during 24 years, Uzbekistan’s economy has grown more than 5,5 times, the population’s real incomes have grown 9 times. The average life expectancy of people grew from 67 years to 73 years, and of women – up to 75 years,” Kamilov said.
About 60 percent of state budget is being channeled to social development of the population, including to education – 10-12 percent of the GDP and the share of item of expenses in the state budget expenditures makes up 35 percent, he noted.
This is especially important if to take into account that over 60 percent of the country’s population makes up the youth at the age of up to 30 years, he said.
“The large-scale reforms in the sphere of health allowed yet in 2009 to achieve, as envisaged in the Millennium Development Goals, the decrease of the mortality rate of children of up to 5 years by third. And the decrease of maternal mortality by one third was achieved in 2013,” Abdulaziz Kamilov said.
“From 2009 the reduction of the level of spreading of HIV/AIDS was ensured. The indicators of tuberculosis sickness rate decreased as compared to the peak level of 2002 to 1.6 times. Starting from 2013 not a single case of malaria was registered in the country,” the Uzbek minister stated.
The measures undertaken in the country in the sphere of raising the ecological sustainability allowed to reduce the volume of pollution emissions per capita from 95 kilograms in 2000 to 61 kilograms in 2015. For over the last 15 years it was able to reduce the GDP energy intensity more than 2 times, he said.
The state of affairs with regard to gender equality has tangibly changed. About 50 percent of total number of engaged in the economy make up women, the Uzbek official said.
“We should say that in Uzbekistan we well comprehend how rapidly is changing our surrounding world of globalization and Internet; the financial and economic crisis and unpredictability of global markets are continuing; the confrontations and conflict situations, the scale and severity of competition are growing, which in their turn, put forward yet new extremely responsible goals and tasks before each and every state”, Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan noted.
“Adding to the aforementioned there are more large-scale natural cataclysms and climate change, which lead to unpredictable and sometimes tragic consequences. There is no need to speak that the experience accumulated by us for over the past period will serve as a good basis to achieve the program objectives of the Sustainable Development Goals which will be adopted at today’s United Nations Summit,” he said.
“I would like to especially underscore that the Program of deepening reforms, structural changes and modernization of economy, expanding the scale of private ownership and entrepreneurship aimed at 2016-2020 and adopted in Uzbekistan early this year will be a wonderful basis for this,” Kamilov stated.
“Our main target goal, as has already been spoken about, to ensure Uzbekistan’s joining the ranks of democratically developed countries with a steadily developing diversified economy and high level of living standards of population,” he said.
“A major guideline for us will be Uzbekistan’s joining by 2030 the ranks of states with an income level of over average world indicator. A special attention is being paid to creating the decent living conditions for a rural population, eradicating the dividing line between town and village in terms of access to housing and municipal services, to the services of social and market infrastructure. We will continue the realization of a unique comprehensive program on construction of comfortable individual rural housing. The construction of such housing, apart from quality improvement of housing conditions, renders an enormous influence on radical change of lifestyle, worldview of the rural population and narrowing the gap between the urban and rural way of life,” Kamilov said.
“Today the problems of ecology and climate change of a global nature – unprecedented both on their scale and destructiveness – are continuing to remain on the focus of attention of the international community. The largest in the newest world history ecological catastrophe of a planetary scale – the tragedy of Aral Sea, which for over a span of lifetime of one generation turned out to be on the verge of full disappearance, takes a special place in this row on its scales and consequences,” he noted.
“The dramatic climate change felt not only in Central Asia, but also in other regions became as a direct consequence of drying up of sea. The new saline desert with an area of 5.5 million hectares of land has emerged on the exposed part of Aral. For more than 90 days a year the sandstorms are raging there carrying to atmosphere annually over 100 million tons of dust and poisonous salts to many thousands of kilometers,” he said.
“The threatening impact of the Aral catastrophe is now observed throughout the world. According to international experts, the poisonous salts originating from the Aral region are discovered on the Antarctic coast, Greenland glaciers, Norway forests and many other parts of the Earth,” Uzbek minister noted.
“The Aral tragedy rendered the most serious impact on the living conditions and gene pool of 65 million people residing in Central Asia. The extreme adverse ecological environment, lack and decrease in quality of potable water, the growth of dangerous diseases – this is just a short list of consequences of the Aral tragedy far from being full,” he said.
“Uzbekistan hopes that the catastrophe of the Aral Sea region will be surely taken into consideration in implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. We understand that the climate change and everything related to many problems, which are today being discussed over the course of this summit, have an immediate relation to this issue that requires in line with the words pronounced by Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon during his trip to Aral in 2013 “a collective responsibility of the entire world and not only of the countries of Central Asia,” Uzbek Foreign Minister said.
He recalled that in 2013 the 68th Session of the United Nations General Assembly has already approved “The Program of Measures on Eliminating the Consequences of Drying up of Aral and Averting the Catastrophe of the Ecological Systems in the Aral Sea Region” as an official document proposed by Uzbekistan.
Taking into account the universal nature of the Aral catastrophe, it is necessary to expand the concerted actions and form purposeful financial mechanisms in this direction, he added.
He said that in this regard, it is expedient to establish under the UN auspices a special Trust Fund on the Aral Sea and Aral Sea Region, the main task of which will be the coordination of efforts and implementation of purposeful programs and projects in the following key directions:
– protecting health and preserving population’s gene pool, elaborating the system of effective stimuli for a social and economic development of the Aral Sea region and creating the necessary conditions to ensure decent living conditions for population residing in this region;
– preserving the ecological balance of the Aral Sea region, adopting the consistent measures to fight desertification and introducing the reasonable water consumption;
– recovering and preserving the unique biodiversity of flora and fauna which now remains on the brink of extinction;
– using the limited water resources of the region, firstly, the transboundary water arteries – Amudarya and Syrdarya in the interests of all countries of the region and in strict compliance with the norms of international law.
“We cannot allow so that, as a result of realization of plans of construction of gigantic dams and large hydropower stations on the tributaries of Amudarya and Syrdarya on the basins of which the oases of life support of millions of people are concentrated, the natural flow of these rivers is disturbed and the situation with water supply in the lower reaches is more worsened, which would lead to radical breach of the water and ecological balance, aggravation of the problem of Aral and undermining of ecological safety of the vast region,” Kamilov concluded.
Made in Uzbekistan: revival of the ancient craft
Over the years, UNDP, with the government support, have been taking various initiatives both on the regional and the republican level integrating local and foreign specialists for conducting master classes, trainings and workshops for rural population in different regions of Uzbekistan in order to revive craftsmanship traditions, to create new jobs, especially ensuring employment of rural population, and, ultimately, – improving the welfare in the regions of Uzbekistan and strengthening the economic stability in the republic.
One of such initiatives – establishing of the Hand Carpet Weaving Studio – was made possible as a result of joint efforts of the Samarkand region and Pastargom district khokimiyats and the UNDP Project “Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Efficiency Plan for Zarafshan River Basin” within the pilot project “Building rural communities resiliency in Uzbekistan: economic prosperity and healthy environment”.
Implementation of this pilot project was financially supported by the Global Program of UNDP and the Coca-Cola Company “New World: Inclusive Sustainable Human Development Initiatives” through allocating US$75,000 for this particular purpose. Parties involved have faced two key tasks. The first – setting up a Hand carpet weaving Studio in a rural area, the second was related to improving the access of rural population to drinking water, raising population awareness and potential of the sanitation and hygiene issues.
Total expenditures of the joint project made US$51,000 and have been spent for purchase of carpet looms, machines, furniture and equipment for a full-fledged production process in the Studio, hiring specialists and consultants. The issue of recruitment for manufacturing of goods under the “Made in Uzbekistan” brand was also solved on site. According to the project plan, a two month practical course was arranged for selected female residents of the Sayram and Kanal-Yoqa villages of the Pastargom district on the basis of the Joint Venture “Samarkand Bukhoro ipak gilami”. This course included the carpet weaving techniques from natural silk, design and marketing. During the course, attendees were made aware of the history of this craft form, the technology of making extremely complex decorative patterns, painting silk fibers and the design, secrets of which were inherited from mothers to daughters consistent with the traditional “ustoz-shogird” (master/apprentice) system. Hand carpet weaving is a very complex and meticulous work requiring special skills, diligence, patience, agility and attentiveness; therefore, this craft was mainly mastered by the guardians of the hearth. As of today, more than 30 women got the opportunity to plunge into the colorful world of this ancient art handicraft and to learn its history and theory.
It will be possible to observe the work of craftswomen in the workshop immediately after the official opening ceremony within the fact-finding tour. After that, the specialists will arrange a meeting in a workshop format. The project initiators will provide information about its objectives, targets and achievements, efficiency of the carpeting manufacturing and sale business, and will also present the first developed and published in Uzbekistan “Silk Carpet Weaving Manual”. This manual gives a detailed description, in a simple and intelligible form, of the stages of carpet making, their design, methods of fiber painting and storage of finished products. This publication is intended for those who plan to start working at a factory or at home. On the very same day, the course graduates will receive the certificates confirming their status of “Carpet Technique, Design and Marketing Master”.
In addition to ensuring employment of population in regions and increasing their prosperity, which are the primary targets of the implementation of this initiative, the key objective of the UNDP Project is to develop the Integrated Water Resources Management and Water Use Efficiency Plan for the Zarafshan River Basin, to strengthen the legal and regulatory framework for the water sector, and to support the integration of water management issues into relevant inter-sectorial policies. In this manner, by way of diversification of the labor of rural population, it is planned to reduce the burden of consumption of natural resources and to ensure environmental sustainability in line with the Millennium Development Goals in Uzbekistan.
Food security is an important direction of UzLiDeP activities
Our country is on the eve of the dearest holiday – Independence Day. In these days carried out work to bring to the countrymen and the international community the essence and significance of passed way of Uzbekistan during the years of Independence, understanding of “What we were yesterday, and who we have become today”. In this regard, one of the important themes for the UzLiDeP electorate and farmers is to ensure national food security as an important direction of the party work.
In a short period of independent development in Uzbekistan has undergone profound reforms that have allowed almost completely diversifying agriculture, to provide our population major food crops, establish large volumes of their exports. Since the country’s independence, agriculture in our country shows stable growth rates, including the past 10 years- at least 6-7% a year.
UzLiDeP and its activists and electorate make their worthy contribution to the food security of the country. In the program documents of UzLiDeP special attention are paid on increasing crop yields, livestock productivity, accelerate the development of processing industries in rural areas. In this regard, UzLiDeP is working to create the conditions for the development of agriculture in the country.
To this work is also actively involved the deputy corps of the party. UzLiDeP with the participation of deputies and representatives of other organizations are conducting public discussions to improve the current legal framework. Namely analyzes enforce such laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan as “On quality and safety of food products”, “On technical regulation”, “On Seed”, “On Protection of Consumers’ Rights”, “On veterinary medicine”, “On state sanitary control” and other as well as make recommendations to the faction of the party in the Legislative Chamber for further its improvement.
UzLiDeP in cooperation with the Council of Farmers of Uzbekistan are realizing the projects “Modernization agrarian sector of economy”, “Well-founded family”, “Women farmers”, “Development of cooperation in the agricultural sector”, “Young farmers”, etc. which are aimed at further deepening the reforms in agriculture, the development of farmer’s movement, increasing production, processing and export of food products.
UzLiDeP is the party of concrete actions. In particular in 2015 year the party implements 1300 projects, of which up to now have been completed about 500 projects to open new modern and modernize existing enterprises in the food industry in the regions. As a result, it was invested 66 billion soums of own funds project initiators, about 73 billion sums of funds commercial banks and foreign investments in the amount of 686 thousand US dollars where more than 4.2 thousand new jobs were created.
Control the implementation of regional investment projects carry out more than 2.1 thousand UzLiDep deputies. In particular, during the first half of 2015 organized 48 control and analytical work, heard reports of 198 heads of local administrations and commercial banks and directed more than 640 deputies’ inquiries to officials of the regional enterprises and organizations on the implementation of these projects.
UzLiDeP also developed a comprehensive program of action for 2015-2019, which provides phased development of agriculture as well as increase food production until 2020 in 2.2 times under deputy control over their implementation.
In general, it should be noted that the efforts of Uzbekistan in ensuring food security receive international recognition. As a result, Uzbekistan received an award for achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) in June of the current year and outstanding progress towards the elimination of hunger in Rome, this once again confirms the correctness of reforms carried out in agricultural sector of Uzbekistan.
The main fact is that Uzbekistan has created all necessary conditions for dynamic development the agricultural sector, which has a huge potential. UzLiDeP and its electorate will make every effort to move on the chosen path of Motherland.
MDG8: Achieving sustainable economic growth and integration into the global market
Lessons from Millennium Development Goals ‘springboard’ for future UN agenda
The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) galvanized the world to produce the most successful anti-poverty movement in history, helped lift more than one billion people out of extreme poverty, made inroads against hunger and enabled more girls to attend school than ever before. However, despite remarkable gains, it will take more to ensure the poorest and most vulnerable people are not left behind.
This is according to the final assessment of the MDGs, which range from halving extreme poverty rates to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015, the UN News Center reported.
“The report confirms that the global efforts to achieve the Goals have saved millions of lives and improved conditions for millions more around the world,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said at the launch of the report in Oslo, Norway.
“These successes should be celebrated throughout our global community. At the same time, we are keenly aware of where we have come up short,” he added.
Data and analysis prove that even the poorest countries can make dramatic and unprecedented progress with targeted interventions, sound strategies, adequate resources and political will, says the report, which reflects the global and regional progress of the eight MDGs over the past 15 years that has been monitored and analyzed annually by data compiled by more than 28 UN and international agencies.
“The MDGs worked at all levels – global, national and local, rallying not just diplomats and technocrats in conference buildings but communities gathering in village squares,” said Mr. Ban, who was joined at the launch by MDG Advocates Erna Solberg, Prime Minister of Norway, and Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda.
“The MDGs measured what mattered to people. As we look ahead, we must do more to reach those who are most vulnerable, are not counted and have not shared the improvements of the past 15 years.”
The report – whose launch coincides with the opening in New York of the high-level segment of the 2015 session of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and the three-day Ministerial Meeting of the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development – found that the 15-year effort to achieve the Goals was largely successful across the globe, while acknowledging shortfalls that remain.
“Enormous progress has been made towards achieving the MDGs. Global poverty continues to decline,” the report said. “More children than ever are attending primary school. Child deaths have dropped dramatically. Access to safe drinking water has been greatly expanded. Targeted investments in fighting malaria, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis have saved millions.”
“The MDGs,” it added, “prove that goal setting can lift millions of people out of poverty, empower women and girls, improve health and well-being, and provide vast new opportunities for better lives.”
The report drew attention to climate change and environmental degradation that undermine progress achieved, and noted that conflicts remain the biggest threat to human development and the greatest obstacle to progress in achieving the MDGs.
The emerging post-2015 development agenda, including the set of sustainable development goals that will be adopted at a summit at UN Headquarters in September, strives to reflect these lessons, build on the successes and put all countries, together, firmly on track towards a more prosperous, sustainable and equitable world.
“As we reflect on the MDGs and set our sights on the next 15 years, I am confident that we can deliver on our shared responsibility to end poverty, leave no one behind and create a world of dignity for all,” Mr. Ban said at the launch.
Breaking down the progress made on each of the eight MDGs, the report found that:
On Goal 1 – eradicate extreme poverty and hunger – the world has seen the most successful anti-poverty movement in global history, which has contributed to a reduction in the absolute number of people living in extreme poverty by more than half in 2015 since 1990;
On Goal 2 – to achieve universal primary education – in sub-Saharan Africa, the implementation of the MDGs has helped increase the primary school net enrolment rate by 20 percentage points since 2000, compared to only 8 percentage points between 1990 and 2000, and the MDGs achieved ground-breaking success in the number of out-of-school children of primary school age, from 100 million in 2000, to 57 million in 2015;
On Goal 3 – which sought to promote gender equality and empower women – women are now having significantly stronger representation both in parliaments around the world and as a workforce outside of the agricultural sector and substantial achievements have been made in gender equality in education. For instance in southern Asia, there are now even more girls than boys enrolled in primary school, as compared with 74 girls for every 100 boys in 1990;
On Goal 4 – to reduce child mortality – the MDGs were most successful in the reduction of child mortality. Between 1990 and 2015, the annual rate of reduction of under-five mortality has more than tripled globally;
On Goal 5 – to improve maternal health – with the help of the MDGs, more mothers can rely on the assistance and treatment they need during pregnancy and after, and the maternal mortality ratio has been reduced by nearly half worldwide. Nowadays three-quarters of births are assisted by skilled health personnel globally;
On Goal 6 – to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases – lower infection rates of HIV of 40 per cent, an immense increase in antiretroviral therapy, tremendous declines in malaria deaths and incidence rates as well as superior success in tuberculosis treatment prove that the MDGs work to defeat diseases;
On Goal 7 – to ensure environmental sustainability – the MDGs have significantly increased access to improved drinking water for more than 90 per cent of the global population, and since 1990, ozone protection efforts have virtually eliminated ozone depleting substances;
And Goal 8 – to cultivate a global partnership for development – official development assistance (ODA) from developed countries increased by 66 per cent in real terms between 2000 and 2014.
UN report: 2.4 billion people worldwide still lack basic sanitation
United Nations agencies tracking access to water and sanitation targets against the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) warned today that the lack of progress on sanitation threatens to undermine the child survival and health benefits from gains in access to safe drinking water.
According to the Joint Monitoring Programme report, Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water: 2015 Update and MDG Assessment, released today by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO), one in every three, or 2.4 billion people on the planet, are still without sanitation facilities – including 946 million people who defecate in the open.
“Until everyone has access to adequate sanitation facilities, the quality of water supplies will be undermined and too many people will continue to die from waterborne and water-related diseases,” Dr. Maria Neira, Director of the WHO Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health said in a joint press release.
Access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene is critical in the prevention and care of 16 of the 17 ‘neglected tropical diseases’ (NTDs), including trachoma, soil-transmitted helminths (intestinal worms) and schistosomiasis. NTDs affect more than 1.5 billion people in 149 countries, causing blindness, disfigurement, permanent disability and death.
And the practice of open defecation is linked to a higher risk of stunting – or chronic malnutrition – which affects 161 million children worldwide, leaving them with irreversible physical and cognitive damage, according to WHO.
Plans for the proposed new sustainable development goals (SDGs) to be set by the UN General Assembly in September 2015 include a target to eliminate open defecation by 2030. This would require a doubling of current rates of reduction, especially in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, WHO and UNICEF say.
Sanjay Wijesekera, head of UNICEF’s global water, sanitation and hygiene programmes, said what the data really show is the need to focus on inequalities as the only way to achieve sustainable progress.”
In other words, “the global model so far has been that the wealthiest move ahead first, and only when they have access do the poorest start catching up. If we are to reach universal access to sanitation by 2030, we need to ensure the poorest start making progress right away,” Mr. Wijesekera said.
Access to improved drinking water sources has been a major achievement for countries and the international community.
With some 2.6 billion people having gained access since 1990, 91 per cent of the global population now have improved drinking water – and the number is still growing. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, 427 million people have gained access – an average of 47,000 people per day every day for 25 years, according the a press release on the report.
On the other hand, the progress on sanitation has been hampered by inadequate investments in behaviour change campaigns, lack of affordable products for the poor and social norms which accept or even encourage open defecation.
Although some 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation since 1990, the world has missed the MDG target by nearly 700 million people. Today, only 68 per cent of the world’s population uses an improved sanitation facility – 9 percentage points below the MDG target of 77 per cent.
WHO and UNICEF say it is vitally important to learn from the uneven progress of the 1990-2015 period to ensure that the new development agenda closes the inequality gaps and achieves universal access to water and sanitation.
Daily Outlook Afghanistan about the successes of Uzbekistan in achieving the MDGs
The material introduces the achievements of Uzbekistan in the implementation of the social targets set at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000.
As newspaper writes, the report is a joint initiative of the Government of Uzbekistan and United Nations agencies in the country and aims to carry out an objective analysis and evaluation of the country’s progress in achieving the MDGs in the period 2000-2013.
Afghan newspaper stresses that the document identified the key factors for the implementation of the MDGs, as well as the challenges and formulated tasks facing the country for the coming prospect.
Finally, it emphasizes that the report contains many useful tables and charts, which take into account all aspects required for achieving the MDGs, successfully adapted to the national context to the management based on local conditions.
Uzbekistan: The Global partnership for development
Uzbekistan: equal opportunities for women and men in political decision-making
In Uzbekistan a consistent work to ensure the active participation of women in social and political life of the country is carried out. Republic within the framework of the signed in 2000, the Millennium Declaration has developed and is implementing specific measures aimed at the empowerment of women, particularly in political decision-making.
Thus, the women are increasingly involved in nation-building. In particular, they make up 17% of the members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis (parliament), and 16% of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber.
In addition, during this period the figure of the representation of women in the executive branch increased almost 5 times – from 3.4% to 16%.
The political parties of Uzbekistan increased the number of members of the women by creating a special women’s wing. Currently, according to the Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan, the proportion of women in the Movement of Entrepreneurs and Businessmen – Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan has grown from 35% to 38%, the Democratic Party “Milly Tiklanish” – from 40% to 46%, the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan – from 41% to 56%, the Social Democratic Party “Adolat” from 38% to 49%.
Increase women’s participation in local government and in the structures of Mahalla. During the period of 2006-2013, the share of women among the chairmen of mahalla committees increased from 9.6% to 25.6%. The most commonly women represented in the Council of People’s Deputies of Tashkent (23.7%), Andijan (22.8%), Jizzakh (22.8%) regions and Tashkent city – 21.7%.
It is also necessary to note the work being undertaken in the development of the regulatory framework. Over the years, taken about 100 national and international instruments aimed at protecting women. Uzbekistan was one of the first in Central Asia ratified the “Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women”.
Dunfan Daily about the successes of Uzbekistan in achieving the MDGs
An electronic portal Dunfan Daily Chinese newspaper published an article “Uzbekistan made a report on the implementation of the UN Millennium Development Goals”.
It notes that on April 30, 2015, Tashkent hosted a presentation of the 2nd National Report on the Millennium Development Goals with the participation of representatives from ministries, international organizations, diplomatic corps, experts and civil society.
“As a joint initiative of the Uzbek government and UN agencies, the report presents an analysis and assessment of progress towards the Millennium Development Goals for the period 2000-2013. It identified key factors that contributed to the achievement of the MDGs and formulate the challenges facing the country in the coming years”, – the publication stressed.
It is noted that by signing the Millennium Declaration in 2000, Uzbekistan has pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
“Socio-Economic Policy Guidelines aimed at sustainable economic growth, equitable distribution of income and the harmonious development of population, creates social consensus in society on the basis of achieving a common noble objectives of its development, – Dunfan Daily informs. – During the years 2001-2013 against the backdrop of sustainable high economic growth was able to significantly increase the level of welfare. In world practice widely used another criterion for evaluating the level of social differentiation in income – Gini index in Uzbekistan for years of independence has decreased from 0.39 to 0.296, that in terms of international standards, has been steadily growing evidence of social well-being of the population”.
It is emphasized that in Uzbekistan as an important priority of social policy has been defined maternal and child health is the key to the development of the gene pool of the nation.
“Special attention in this regard is given to measures to ensure a balanced and safe nutrition for mothers and children, the prevention of micronutrient deficiencies. To implement these programs, the share of expenditure on education in the years 2001-2013 was increased from 25.5 to 35%; health care – from 9.8 to 14.4%”, – the newspaper writes.
Chinese newspaper concludes, that having successfully completed the program of the MDGs, Uzbekistan today launched a global development agenda beyond 2015.
Baltic News Service about the presentation of National Report on MDGs in Uzbekistan
Baltic portal Baltic News Service (BNS) continues to inform its readers about events in Uzbekistan. In particular, the official website of the publication posted an article about the fact that Uzbekistan has submitted a second national report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
It notes that the document is an analysis and assessment of the country’s progress towards the Millennium Development Goals for the period 2000-2013″. The report identifies the key factors that contributed to the achievement of the MDGs, and formulated the tasks facing Uzbekistan in the coming years”, according to information material.
Further it informed that the report consists of 8 points of the MDGs. In particular, such as Uzbekistan and global partnership, to improve the quality of education in primary and secondary schools, the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women, improving maternal health, combating HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, ensuring environmental sustainability.
“Accelerating the transformation process requires a constant search of new points of balance and appropriate adaptation strategies for sustainable human development. Thus, the report could become the basis for the beginning of consultations on the development and adaptation of the global development agenda after 2015, and the goals of sustainable development for Uzbekistan” – the publication noted.
“With the presentation of the report and the progress towards the MDGs in Uzbekistan by the Center for Economic Studies of the Republic, is the coordinating institution for the preparation of the report. United Nations Office in Uzbekistan presented the main principles and directions of sustainable development at the global level” – the article reports.
Uninform.org about the successes of Uzbekistan in achieving the Millennium Development Goals
It is reported that the April 30, 2015 in Tashkent hosted a presentation of the Second National Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Uzbekistan.
The goal of the was the official presentation of the report on the MDGs and information on the ongoing global consultations on the goals of sustainable development.
“The report is an assessment of progress towards the MDGs in the country, consisting of 8 points – Uzbekistan and global partnership, to improve the quality of education in primary and secondary schools, the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women, improving maternal health, combating HIV / AIDS , tuberculosis and malaria, ensuring environmental sustainability” – the portal reports.
It is further noted that by signing the Millennium Declaration in 2000, Uzbekistan has pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. In this regard, given the high evaluation of the success achieved in our country over the past period.
In particular, it emphasizes that the country carried out in the state policy aimed at ensuring sustainable economic growth, income distribution and the formation of harmoniously developed generation.
“Over the years 2001-2013 against the backdrop of sustainable high economic growth failed to reduce the level of poverty in Uzbekistan is almost 2 times – from 27,5 to 14,1%, – says the publication. – The country has also paid great attention to environmental sustainability, improvement of water and land resources, which helps to reduce water losses and improve the quality of land resources. As a result, energy infrastructure development and implementation of energy efficiency measures reduced the energy intensity of the economy, reduced emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere”.
Uzbekistan and Millennium Development Goals: A strong social policy and the welfare of the population
Uzbekistan: long-term and sustainable economic growth
During the years of independence Uzbekistan has formed an effective technical, technological and financial base of long-term and sustainable economic growth. This is stated in the National Report of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) submitted May 1, 2015.
The document notes that one of the key factors contributing to achieving the targets under the first MDG was the implementation in our country, structural reforms for the development of basic industries and the expansion of investment in infrastructure.
From the first days of independence, the republic is consistent work on modernization, technical and technological renewal of basic industries — fuel and energy complex, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy and others. The development of these industries played an important role in accelerating the pace of economic growth, increasing exports, strengthening macroeconomic stability and creating a basis for sustainable growth in human well-being in the long term.
Accordingly, the policy of the leadership of Uzbekistan was aimed at attracting large-scale investment in basic industries and infrastructure development. Between 2002 and 2013 the volume of investments into the national economy increased by 6,4 times — from 2,0 to 12,1 billion USD. As a result, the structure of the national economy significantly changed. Republic from a predominantly agricultural country turned into a modern industrial state.
During 2001–2013, the share of industry in GDP has increased from 14.1 to 24.2%, the share of services — from 44% to 53%. With continued growth in production in the agricultural sector, its share in GDP fell from 30.0 to 17.6%.
Special attention should be the development of small business and private entrepreneurship (SBPE). Over the years of independence, the country formed a complete system of guarantees and incentives for that sector. Currently substantially simplified tax administration, measures were taken to reduce administrative barriers and other transaction costs of doing business.
With the implementation of measures for 2001–2013, the share of small business in GDP increased from 33,8 to 55,8%, in industry — from 12,5 to 28,1%, in agriculture — from 74,5 to 98,1% in the service sector — from 37 to 48,9%. The share of employment in the sector increased from SBPE 51,8% in 2001 to 76,7% in 2013. In the structure of incomes of the population is increasing the share of income from business activities, which in the years of independence has increased from 27% to 50,7%. This is one of the highest rates in the CIS countries.
Tashkent hosted the presentation of the second national report on MDGs
In our nation’s capital hosted a presentation of the Second National Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Uzbekistan. The event was attended by representatives of ministries and departments, international organizations, diplomatic corps, experts and civil society.
The goal of the was the official presentation of the report on the MDGs and information on the ongoing global consultations on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The report provides an assessment of progress towards the MDGs in the country, consisting of 8 points – Uzbekistan and global partnership, to improve the quality of education in primary and secondary schools, the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, ensuring environmental sustainability.
Opening the event, Minister of Economy of Uzbekistan G.Saidova said that by signing the Millennium Declaration in 2000, Uzbekistan has pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. – Submits a report is a joint initiative of the Government of our country and the UN agencies in Uzbekistan and aims to carry out an objective analysis and evaluation of the country’s progress towards the Millennium Development Goals for the period 2000-2013. It identifies the key factors that contribute to the objectives, challenges and formed the challenges facing the country in the future, – she said.
The event with the presentation of the report made by the representative of the Center for Economic Research, is the coordinating institution for its preparation. It was noted that in September 2000, leaders of 189 countries, including Uzbekistan, have signed the Millennium Declaration and pledged to promote human development by putting in front of eight major goals with specific deadlines and criteria for assessing their achievement.
The presentation noted that the socio-economic policy guidelines and the Government of Uzbekistan aimed at sustainable economic growth, equitable distribution of income and the harmonious development of population, creates social consensus in society on the basis of achieving a common noble objectives of its development. During the years 2001-2013 against the backdrop of sustainable high economic growth failed to reduce the level of poverty in Uzbekistan is almost 2 times – from 27,5 to 14,1%.
Reforms of the education system launched at the initiative of the President of our country in the mid 90s of last century, have created favorable conditions for a wide access by all segments of the population to education, not only primary, but also the subsequent steps. Reforms in the health care provided to our residents receive quality, professional, technically well-equipped medical services, including in rural areas.
The country pays great attention to environmental sustainability, improvement of water and land resources, which helps to reduce water losses and improve the quality of land resources. As a result, energy infrastructure development and implementation of energy efficiency measures reduced the energy intensity of the economy, reduced emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere.
As UN Resident Coordinator in Uzbekistan Stefan Prisner pointed out in his speech, having ensured contingency of MDGs with development plans of the country, Uzbekistan managed to achieve national development goals related to universal access to primary education, gender equality in primary and secondary schools, and to reduce maternal mortality others. UN celebrates successes and dedicated efforts of Uzbekistan in achieving the MDGs.
He also said that this year the world’s leaders will reconvene at the UN headquarters in New York to review progress towards the MDGs and agree on a program of action for the period after 2015. – This report is the second national report of Uzbekistan on the Millennium Development Goals and will provide a solid basis for the organization of consultations and the definition of development objectives of Uzbekistan for the period after 2015 in accordance with the new global challenges of sustainable development, – he said.