The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Uzbekistan has approved a Programme of environmental monitoring for 2016-2020.
According to the document, over the past 15 years, the country has created a unified system of monitoring, has established a list of major natural and technogenic sources of pollution of the natural environment, has developed modern techniques of conducting measurements, has modernized the logistical base of eco-analytical laboratories for the consolidation and analysis of the results of monitoring. At that, a new State information and analytical center has been put into operation under the State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on nature protection.
Currently, the environmental monitoring is conducted at 390 industrial enterprises, 68 points of surface water, 87 water reservoirs, 1694 wells, 74 springs and 61 stations for observation of atmospheric air.
As a result of implemented targeted measures for the protection of the environment, the total mass of emissions of polluting substances in atmospheric air over the specific period has decreased by 1.5 times, the fertility of irrigated lands in the studied districts of Namangan, Fergana, Bukhara, Khorezm, Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Andijan and Syrdarya regions has increased from 0.9 to 4.7 points.
However, the monitoring of sources of pollution of water resources and atmospheric air showed insufficiency of work on the cleanup of discharges and emissions from private wastewater treatment plants. Many large industrial enterprises have a soil contamination in the surrounding territories. The methodical and material-technical base of eco-analytical laboratories require further improvement.
In order to further ensure the regular assessment and forecasting of pollution level and improve the quality of functioning of the system of monitoring of the environment, the Cabinet of Ministers has made a decision to approve the Programme of environmental monitoring in the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2016-2020.
The ministries, institutions, economic management bodies, the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, khokimiyats of areas and Tashkent city are instructed to ensure timely and quality implementation of activities under the approved Programme.
The Ministry of economy and the Ministry of Finance are instructed to provide the budget allocations for financing works on improvement of the material-technical base of laboratories within the Investment programme of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2017 and subsequent years is.
The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for nature protection has been entrusted with the coordination of activities of ministries, agencies and bodies of economic management in the implementation of activities under the approved Programme.