Fruits of pistachios, which grow in mountain and foothill areas of Uzbekistan, have high taste qualities. According to scientists, pistachio can bear fruit for thousands of years.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev during his trip to Navoi region got acquainted with the project of creation of intensive pistachio plantations on 10 thousand hectares of rainfed lands of Nurata district. The Head of the state was provided with detailed information about this culture. As a result of implementation of the project worth 21 billion sums, 850 people will be permanently employed.
As it is known, pistachio, grown according to traditional technology, begins to bear fruit after 11-12 years, one tree yields 200-300 grams of harvest. New plantations will be based on improved technology. First to annual shoots, germinated in the nursery, sprouts of highly productive pistachio varieties are planted. On the third year they can be planted in an open field. Seedlings planted according to this technology begin to bear fruit for 7-8 years and give 1,5-2 kilograms of harvest.
– We are not getting the expected high yields in many cultures because of lack of a scientific approach to agriculture, – the President said. – Henceforth, it is necessary to widely implement the achievements of science in this sphere, work together with scientists at all stages from planting a crop to harvesting. The more yield and export orientation is, the richer the dehkan will be. This is our main goal.
Pistachio plantations will be created during 2018-2021.
The Head of the state was informed about the hydrogel – development of scientists of Tashkent Scientific Research Institute of Chemical Technology. This substance helps to accelerate the growth and development of plants. Hydrogel absorbs rainwater and fertilizers, helps to save up to 50 percent of water used for irrigation.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with projects on organization of the scientific center for development of steppe afforestation in Navoi region, creation of gardens and modern greenhouses in Khatirchi district, laying almond and pistachio plantations with a drip irrigation system, goat farming in Navbakhor district, development of the food supply system of the region in 2018-2019 and others. The Head of the state gave instructions on timely and qualitative implementation of projects.