Operation efficiency of irrigation networks in Karakalpakstan will increase

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December 16, 2017

Operation efficiency of irrigation networks in Karakalpakstan will increase

The President of our country Shavkat Mirziyoyev got acquainted with projects on construction and reconstruction of melioration and irrigation networks in Karakalpakstan.

Irrigation-reclamation activities worth 248 billion sums were implemented in 2013-2017 in the Aral Sea region, at the expense of budgetary funds and centralized investments, water supply of 140 thousand hectares and reclamation of 231 thousand hectares of areas were improved.

The resolution of the Head of our state “On the State Program of development of irrigation and improvement of the reclamation state of irrigated lands for the period of 2018-2019” of November 27 this year has contributed to the expansion of the scope of this work.

In accordance with this resolution, in the next two years, it is planned to reconstruct 140 kilometers of canals and 53 hydraulic engineering constructions, which will improve the reclamation state of 60 thousand hectares of irrigated land. Construction and reconstruction activities on reservoirs with a length of more than 246 kilometers, repair and restoration of 3 735 kilometers of collectors are planned. As a result, the ameliorative condition of 89 thousand hectares of land will improve, and the yield of crops will increase.

Construction of Shurbulak reservoir in order to improve water supply in shallow waters in the lower reaches of Amudarya, development of fish farming, livestock, horticulture and creation of new workplaces is planned in Turtkul district.

As it is known, the drying up of the Aral and the retreat of the sea for 180-200 kilometers from the shore led to the exposure of the bottom. As a result, the waters of Amudarya flow into the Aral from a height, as a result of which, rills are formed alongside the reservoir of Muynak district, through which the water from the reservoir goes to the sea. As a result, the Muynak reservoir, Rybachye, Makpalkul, Zakirkul lakes are becoming shallow, fish and fauna of this area is under the threat of extinction.

To prevent this, activity on reconstruction and restoration of the capacity of the northern and eastern dams was carried out in 2013-2017. At the next stage it is planned to restore the dam along Maypost lake and build a hydraulic structure that will allow water to flow from the lake into the old estuary of Amudarya.

The Head of our state was also presented a project on improving water resources management in southern Karakalpakstan.

As a result of implementation of the project, water supply of about 100 thousand hectares of areas in Ellikkala, Beruniy and Turtkul districts will be set up and 269 million cubic meters of water saved per year. Stopping 23 pumping stations, as well as more than 450 pumping aggregates of the association of water users and farms will save 52 million kilowatt-hours of electricity per year.

The President of our country gave instructions on qualitative implementation of projects in irrigation sphere and rational use of water resources in the region.