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February 6, 2014


February 6, 2014

economy.. 2

In 2013, Uzbekistan exported 90.8 thousand cars. 2

Review of the pharmaceutics market in Uzbekistan.. 2


America, So Remote Yet Close. 4



Press-service of MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan


In 2013, Uzbekistan exported 90.8 thousand cars

According to the joint-stock company UzAvtoSanoat in 2013, the Uzbek automobile industry enterprises manufactured products worth about 7.5 billion soums (Currency rates of CB from 06.02.2014  1$=2209.68 soums). Thus, the rate of growth with respect to 2012 was at 121.8%.


– Cars manufacture – 246,600;

– ISUZU buses and trucks – 3.5 thousand;

– MAN trucks – 1200;

– Power units – 122,900.

As of January 1, 2014, 24 companies of UzAvtoSanoat are certified for Quality Management System (QMS) in accordance with the International Standard ISO 9001:2008. The share of certified products (in accordance with the requirements of international standards) in the total manufacture is 90.1%.

In 2013, 90,800 vehicles were exported, with spare parts from 14 companies of the industry.



Review of the pharmaceutics market in Uzbekistan

A vital sector of any economy, the market for pharmaceutics serves as a gauge not only of its economic and social development, but also of the level of its population’s welfare. Besides, a developed pharmaceutics industry clearly demonstrates how innovative its overall economy is in fact.

Though the creation of pharmaceutics production is a complicated, labor-intensive and expensive process, it proves indispensable for the purpose of ensuring that the population is provided with all the medicines and medical articles needed to keep up their good health. To attain the optimal level of medicine provision, the steady raising of the rate of production is a sure-fire route. Support and trust on the part of consumers are also necessary.

Of all the Central Asian republics of the former USSR, Uzbekistan enjoys the most developed bio-pharmaceutics industry. In Soviet time, there were two pharmaceutical enterprises in the Republic: the Production Association Uzkhimpharm and an enterprise specializing in the production of vaccines, serums and immuno-biological preparations. Back then, their assortment comprised 60 preparations, including such exclusive preparations and substances as phytin, rutin, psoralen, galantamine, desoxipeganine, antivenene serums etc. Nowadays, the Uzbek pharmaceutics sector is represented by both state and non-state enterprises. One of the state pharmaceutical enterprises is the State Joint-Stock Company Uzpharmsanoat, incorporating 70 structural sub-divisions that form its scientific-production potential. Among them are pharmaceutical industrial facilities, commercial enterprises and scientific-research institutions involved in the development and production of medicines. Apart from the enterprises, incorporated into Uzpharmsanoat directly, some 30 privately-run firms operate in the field, turning out and pre-packing medical produce.

In 2010, Uzbekistan imported US $373.4 million worth of finished medicines. To compare, the volume of such imports in 2009 was somewhat higher – US $411.6 million. That reduction was due to the implementation of a number of projects to localize the production of medicines. 83 per cent of imported pharmaceutical preparations (to the tune of US $309.8 million) was intended for retail sale. However, in the year 2012, this indicator jumped to US $530 million, exceeding the levels of 2010 and 2011 by 142 per cent and 125 per cent, respectively.

In 2011 and 2012, US $36.2 million and US $35.7 million worth of raw materials was imported to the Republic for the production of medicines and medical goods, including medical substances – to the tune of US $23.7 million (2011) and US $25.1 million (2012) (or 540 tons and 573 tons, correspondingly).

In a bid to modernize domestic pharmaceutical enterprises, to re-equip them technically and technologically, and to exploit fresh production capacities, in 2011 and 2012 Uzbekistan imported equipment worth US $36.2 million and US $13.7 million, respectively.

Import to the Republic of finished pharmaceutical goods and raw materials needed for the production of medicines and medical goods in 2010-2012



Imported produce Import (million US $)
2010 2011 2012
1 Finished medicines and medical goods 373,0 424,0 530,0
2 Raw stuff and materials needed for own production, including: 32,5 36,2 35,7
  Medicinal substances 18,5 23,7 25,1
  Tons 505,0 540,0 573,0
3 Technological equipment 7,3 36,2 13,7


The share of the main categories of home-made medicines in the total volume of the pharmaceutical market


Form of production Unit of measure Share of the total market volume (%)
Remedies, sum total: Mln. units 32,0
  1. units
Infusion solutions Mln. units 3,1
Antibiotics in bottles Mln. units 8,6
Vaccines and serums Mln. units 0,1
Pills and capsules Mln. units 10,8
Ointments, nastoykas, solutions etc. Mln. units 5,7
Medicinal plant raw materials and species Mln. units 0,5

In this way, on the average each citizen of Uzbekistan accounted for 19 packs of medicines in 2012, or US $28.3.

Structure of the main categories of home-made medicines


Form of production Mass-produced Require mass-production
Remedies, sum total:


1127 5259
1 Injections 229 728
2 Infusion solutions 42 256
3 Antibiotics in bottles 58 274
4 Vaccines and serums 5 83
5 Pills and capsules 440 2539
6 Ointments, nastoykas, solutions etc. 259 1229
7 Medicinal plant raw materials and species 94 150
  Other categories of produce,

including :

124 585
8 Medical articles 113 518
9 Pharmaceutical raw materials 2 45
10 Polyethylene bottles 9 22


According to the State Register of Medicines of the Republic of Uzbekistan, there are 6,599 categories of medicines and medical goods in the market as of 1st January 2013.

For the time being, as many as 124 pharmaceutical enterprises operate in the Uzbek market, of which 26 ones have already introduced the ISO 9001 quality control system and 3 enterprises – GMP international standards.

The share of produce made by indigenous manufacturers tends to swell with each passing year. In particular, in 2009, it reached 14 per cent (US $53.2 million), in 2010 – 17 per cent (US $150.4 million, exceeding the aggregate share of produce imported from the CIS member states (20 per cent – US $141.4 million), and in 2012 – 32 per cent.

As many as 120 categories of medicines (or 31.6 per cent) in the List of Main Medicines (379 medicines) approved by the Ministry of Public Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, are made at domestic enterprises.

Today, 561 wholesale companies and 4,932 retail drugstores function across the Republic.

According to data provided by Acierto Consult, in the course of 2012, more than 320 million packs of medicines, worth US $530 million, were imported to Uzbekistan.

As a whole, the medicines were imported from 57 countries. The cost of an average imported pack was US $2.13. The CIS member states accounted for 52.8 per cent, in terms of amount, and 22.7 per cent, in terms of cost, of the total volume of imports (with the price for an average pack coming to US $1.06). The countries of the Customs Union made up 42.6 per cent and 15.6 per cent, respectively.

Analysis of imported medical preparations shows that analgetics, antipyretics, anti-bacterial medicines and expectorants are imported to the Republic in greatest quantities.

The development of the pharmaceutical market in Uzbekistan in the last few years has been showing an impressive upward tendency. Average annual rates of growth in that period reached some 30 per cent. In 2012, its volumes (in terms of cost) exceeded US $800 million. Although it is dominated by foreign producers (more than 50 per cent in terms of money), domestic companies are doing their utmost to raise their share of the national pharmaceutical market. And the state exerts every effort to back their development.

(Source: “Business” newspaper)


America, So Remote Yet Close

The United States of America is far from Uzbekistan, almost halfway round the world, but close economic relations between the two nations have brought them closer together strongly enough.

A number of major U.S. corporations and holding companies are working in Uzbekistan. Many more companies are now considering the promising opportunities for cooperation. General Motors was one of the first big U.S. companies that began the history of the Uzbek-American economic relations.

In March 2007, the Government of Uzbekistan and GM Daewoo Auto & Technology signed a strategic cooperation agreement. One year later the joint venture GM Uzbekistan was created; its vehicles now travels the roads in many CIS countries.

New stage of cooperation was the construction of an engines producing plant General Motors Powertrain Uzbekistan. It was the first plant of that kind in Central Asia. The American side owns 52% stake and the remaining 48% belongs to Uzavtosanoat. The new engine plant was rigged with the latest technologies and equipment, just as the company in Asaka city. The technological process is computerized, that allows engineers to constantly monitor the quality of products. The whole process of production fully complies with international environmental standards. It is General Motors’ first plant where foundries and assembly shops are located in one place. This plant is considered to be the most modern and the most advanced plant of this kind in terms of system control, energy consumption and ecology. Regeneration system of the plant provides closed loop production. The commercial production of engines started in November 2011. General Motors Powertrain Uzbekistan can produce 200,000 engines in a year. The engines are being installed on the cars sold in Uzbekistan and beyond.

Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who visited this factory, noted that this plant is a vivid proof of close relations between the companies of U.S. and Uzbekistan. “The company has become a symbol of cooperation and friendly relations between our two countries. It has been designed by American and Uzbek engineers and was built in compliance with environmental principles and accountability to the public. Production operations at General Motors Powertrain Uzbekistan will be done by qualified Uzbek personnel. It will create more than a thousand new jobs,” H.Clinton pointed out.

Another vector of cooperation is also quite heavy. Boeing Corporation is a longtime partner of the national airline company of Uzbekistan regarding the updating of its flight park. Now Uzbekistan Airways has several Boeing 76-300ER and Boeing 757-200 planes. These modern aircrafts are used in more than half of the national airline traffic, including in long-distance flights to the United States and Japan. In 2016 Boeing 787 Dreamliner will land in Tashkent. The plane will join the fleet of the national airline. Another unique joint project is about establishing regional service center for making repair of large composite structural elements of aircrafts. It was decide to open this repair center in Tashkent on the territory of the company Uzbekistan Airways Technics. The new center will provide servicing to the most modern aircrafts belonging to national and foreign air companies.

The two countries also actively cooperate in agricultural sector. With the support that came from USAID a biotechnology laboratory for growing virus-free seedlings was established in the Research Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Winemaking named after Mahmoud Mirzaev. Currently, there are only two such laboratories in the world: one is in Israel and one is in the United States. It is planned that the laboratory will produce about 40 million seedlings in a year. Some seedlings will be exported. U.S. scientists are also interested in the Uzbek developments regarding pest control. For example, a group of American researchers came to Uzbekistan to get acquainted with a biological bait for termites created by our scientists. The experts from the United States noted that this biological agent is one of the best ways in the world to fight termites due to its price and quality characteristics.

The Uzbek-American joint ventures UzCaseMash and UzCaseTractor produce effective, modern agricultural vehicles that are in demand not only in Uzbekistan, but also in other Central Asian countries. The joint ventures already produce the tractors New Holland TL100, TS135 and a number of various tractor parts. The products of these factories are already being sold in the neighboring countries.

Interestingly, but the oil and gas sector which prevails in the relations between Uzbekistan and its other trading partners like Russia and China, plays a less important role in cooperation with the United States. The American company Honeywell operates in Uzbekistan since 1998. By supplying its equipment Honeywell participated in many large industrial and infrastructure projects in Uzbekistan in petroleum and chemical sectors. The company opened its technical and educational centers in Tashkent. The centers provide engineering and maintenance services, and teach staff how to work with modern equipment.

Various projects are now being discussed with several other American companies such as General Electric, Anadarko. The US-Uzbek Chamber of Commerce is an important platform for developing business contacts between the two countries. There are over 190 companies with American investors in Uzbekistan. 52 of these companies are 100% American-owned. The scope of their activities is diverse: automobile industry, petro-chemistry, textile, food, engineering industry, the production of building materials.

The Uzbek-US economic and trade relations have all the chances for further dynamic development. And it is not only due to good economic potential of the two countries, but also due to strong relationships established between the two countries over the past 20 years of cooperation.

(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)