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March 18, 2014


 March 18, 2014



economy.. 2

Uzbek banks to issue 7.5 trln. soums to small businesses in 2014. 2


Future in Our Hands. 2

Society.. 4

Over 12m people attended in improvement of cities and villages in Uzbekistan.. 4

culture.. 4

Ashula: Both Rhythms and Lyrics. 4



































Press-service of MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan



Uzbek banks to issue 7.5 trln. soums to small businesses in 2014

Commercial banks of Uzbekistan are planning to issue 7.5 trillion soums of loans to small and private businesses due to all sources of finances, the press service of the Central Bank said.

The regulator said that one of priority direction of policy of the banking system for 2014 is to finance small and private businesses, especially family businesses, attracting graduates of educational institutes to the business sector.

The statement of the bank said that the banking sector will adopt all necessary measures to provide 7.5 trillion soums of loans due to all sources of financing to small and private business entities in 2014.

The banks will allocate microloans for 160 billion soums to help graduates of professional colleges to start their businesses.

The Central Bank said that microfinance services for 137 billion soums were issued to develop family businesses, private entrepreneurship and craftsmanship in 2014, which helped to open new service objects, shops, confectionary shops, etc. This year, about 170 billion soums will be directed to expand family businesses.

Uzbek banks also pay attention to financing business initiatives of businesswomen. This year, it is planned to issue 700 billion soums of loans to them.

It is expected that the commercial banks of Uzbekistan will issue 50 billion soums of consumer loans to families to purchase of home appliances, produced in Uzbekistan.

Uzbekistan pays great attention to construction of houses and improvement of habitation. It is planned that the mortgage loans for 215 billion soums will be allocated to young families to buy apartments, construction and reconstruction of their habitation. It is planned to issue over 1 trillion soums of loans to construct 11,000 individual houses on standard projects in rural areas in 2014.



Future in Our Hands

France is an amazing country, not only the world’s major tourist destination, and Paris a capital of high fashion and cosmetics industry, but also home to modern aircraft and automotive, high-tech industries and technological agricultural sector.

Today, however, the French economy, the second largest in Europe after the German, has been experiencing difficulties, like the entire eurozone, associated with the fall in industrial production and prolonged recession. The key to addressing this issue is the search for new foreign partners and the expansion of existing relations with friendly countries, including Uzbekistan.

France is one of Uzbekistan’s major economic partners in the European Union. By the end of 2013, the bilateral trade turnover increased by 15.8 percent to reach 323 million US dollars. 17 companies with French capital currently operate in Uzbekistan, along with accredited representative offices of nine firms and companies.

Perhaps the most illustrious example of cooperation between Uzbekistan and France is the aviation industry. Airbus, one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world, the headquarters of which is located in a suburb of Toulouse, has a longstanding partnership with the national company Uzbekistan Airways. In 2010-2011, a unique wide-scale project was implemented: Uzbekistan immediately purchased ten new medium-haul Airbus A-320s, which completely replaced the outdated Tu-154s and An-24s. Avionics quality, triple redundancy of all systems, reduced fuel consumption makes this aircraft both reliable and safe, and the most popular in a 5,000 km distance. It is this step that showed what direction the domestic air transportation opted for. If many airlines around the world prefer to save on passengers and purchase used planes, the government and the national air company have invested heavily in safety and procurement of new machinery.

The national airline received the first A320 in July 2010. Within a few days after its arrival from France, the airliner went into a regular flight to Baku. This suggests that the enormous work was done by both parties to prepare for the arrival of the flight personnel of new technology. For example, the aviation enterprise Uzbekistan Airways Technics received equipment for maintenance of this type of aircraft, and the employees have been trained abroad. For the first time, anew system of electronic documentation for crews and a communication system that allows pilots to contact the Tashkent Airport from anywhere in the world have been introduced at the flying squad A320. For a complete pilot training, in the NAC training center a modern trainer with model A320 cockpit was established. Airbus became a partner in another project implemented by Uzbekistan and South Korea. An international hub on the basis of Navoi airport in May 2009 began regular operation of two cargo aircraft A300-600 flying from Navoi to the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

The two nations cooperate in a project to create a biometric passport system in Uzbekistan. The French Oberthur Technologies SA not only introduced its solutions for civil registration, personalization of electronic passports, document verification, but also helped to modernize biometric passport issuing process. Now every new passport Uzbekistan equipped with a special electronic chip that contains personal information about the owner of biometrics – digital photo and fingerprints, hands, and setting the biographical data. This will increase the degree of protection against counterfeiting, to improve mechanisms of rapid and accurate identification at border crossings, improve the quality and efficiency of international air transport, as well as by saving time to create maximum comfort for passengers. Representatives of the other tech giant – French Thales also plan to intensify cooperation with Uzbekistan. According to the company, they intend to expand interaction with Uzbekistan Airways and drafting a joint telecommunications satellite, as well as to participate in implementation of GSM 4G cellular operators in the country.

In oil and gas sector, the French company Technip completed engineering design of a unique plant for the production of synthetic fuels from methane produced Shurtan Gas Chemical Complex. The new plant will operate under the brand Oltin Yo’l GTL (“Golden Path GTL”). It is assumed that in 2017 here in Uzbekistan first premium class synthetic fuel will be received. The company is focused on issue of the four kinds of products: aviation kerosene, fuel oil, small amount of liquefied gas and naphtha. When running at full capacity, the plant will produce environmentally friendly and highly effective products that will take its rightful place in the scale of further production growth in Uzbekistan due to the introduction of high-tech lines. French company Air Liquide is also working on issues of projects in the oil and gas sector. In March last year the Uzbekneftegaz and the French side signed a protocol on cooperation in the production of industrial gases. As the Air Liquide representatives said, they are interested in building a profile plant in Uzbekistan, as in the future the demand for industrial gases will rise steadily, particularly in the chemical, petrochemical and metallurgical industries.

Over the ten year-long partnership between the French General Directorate of Public Finance of the Ministry of Budget and the Ministry of Finance of Uzbekistan has been rather instrumental. In 2012, the two parties signed an agreement in Paris on cooperation for 2012-2014, which envisages that Uzbek finance professionals receive training and improve their skills at the National School of Public Finance. Within this document the French side assists the Treasury in the Ministry of Finance and the development of a number of financial management.

The ties in tourism actively develop. In recent years, Uzbekistan annually visited by about 15.000 French tourists, and that number could grow significantly. For example, the parties jointly hold master classes for local specialists of the service sector, representatives of museums, cultural sites. French experts are involved in reconstruction work and archaeological excavations of ancient monuments. Representatives of the Agency for International Technical Cooperation (ADETEF) under the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry of France visited Uzbekistan last year, offered to help in development of mountain tourism in Chimgan, which is aptly nicknamed as the “Uzbek Switzerland”. To do this, the agency is ready to allocate technical and grant assistance. A few days ago, the French Ambassador to Uzbekistan Jacques-Henry Heuls met with the leadership of the national airline and discussed the development of direct flights between Paris and major tourist cities of Uzbekistan, as well as the possibility of participation of French companies in the modernization of Uzbek airports.

And we should not forget about the French company Gerflor. It has equipped 55 children’s sports facilities with high-quality modern artificial turf.

Uzbekistan and France now have a huge untapped potential for development. Many experts point out that if the economic cooperation on its scale at least equal to the cultural sphere, France is able to claim a place in the top five trade partners of our republic.

(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)



Over 12m people attended in improvement of cities and villages in Uzbekistan

Over 12 million people participated at the general charity hashar (voluntary works), which was held in Uzbekistan on 15 March 2014.

General hasher was organized in line order of the Cabinet of Ministers from 6 March and held in all mahallas, cities, settlements, etc.

According to Public Charity Fund Mahalla, over 12 million people participated in hasher, including 8 million youth.

Some 28,000 hectares of land were cleaned up during hasher and 19,000 km of ditches were cleaned. Accomplishment works were conducted in villages, mahallas, enterprises, parks, etc.

Within hasher, some 9 million fruit and 7 million decorative trees were planted along with 10 million flowers.



Ashula: Both Rhythms and Lyrics

The Uzbek musical culture originated in ancient times and, being closely associated with the musical culture of the whole Central Asia, it remains deeply distinctive at the same time.

The Uzbek national heritage differentiates two major strata – folklore and professional art of vocal tradition. Especially distinctive is lyrical singing – ashula. People’s words, and poems by the poets of the East are used as lyrics for ashula.

In performing ashula various modulations are used widely. Quite frequently the melody ends at the lowest notes, progressive melodic rise of sound dominates, leaps within construction do not exceed an octave, but they are relatively rare. Rhythms of ashula differ with special diversity. To prevailing measured rhythm of melodic tunes is typical the abundance of syncope – sharp abruptions.

There are melodies with   brightlyexpressed character of improvisation, with disordered rhythmic basis, such as yovvoi (tameless), the most characteristic to genres of katta ashula (great song) or patnis ashula (songs performed using a tray). They are characterized by detailed in form melodies of recitative character. They are performed without instrumental accompaniment, by typically two or more singers. They belong to the professional music of oral tradition.

Especially popular is katta ashula, which literally means ‘great singing.’ It is about a whole genre of traditional chant and an important part of the unique culture of the people. During the performance, the singer is hold in plate or tray on his hand, adjusting the direction of the sound. Katta ashula is performed without instrumental accompaniment, although for the most other song genres their accompaniment is characteristic.

In modern life, a combination of live voice rhythm and lyrical texts gives listeners unique experience – pure sounds of solar strings and peace of mind.

(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)