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July 3, 2015


July 3, 2015

POLItiCs. 2

Outcomes of Peaceful, Harmonious Life and Cohesion of the People. 2

2015 year – The Year of Care for the Senior Generation.. 3

On the right track to new achievements. 3

literaTURE.. 5

Russian Classics in the Uzbek Language. 5



Outcomes of Peaceful, Harmonious Life and Cohesion of the People

As it was reported earlier, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov traveled to the Kashkadarya Region on June 30-July 1 to review the course of socioeconomic reforms as well as the construction and beautification works undertaken in provinces.

During the second day of the visit, the head of our state called in the Kamol Sulton faming enterprise in the Kasbi District.

Kashkadarya farmers have harvested a rich yield of grain this year from 145 thousand hectares of lands. The grain harvesting season is in full swing these days. In one of the best farming enterprises of the district, Kamol Sulton, more than 40 metric centners of yield is collected from each of the 67 hectares of fields.

These important days for grain cultivators and cotton growers, it gives me great pleasure to visit our dedicated and selfless farmers, inquire about the workers of the fields, Islam Karimov said. Their attitude to the land, labor has radically changed, the culture of agriculture has risen, as clearly evidenced by the well-groomed fields, as well as the rich harvest. More than 8 million tons of grain is grown in our country. There is no doubt that gathering a rich harvest is not easy venture. This is the result, first of all, of your painstaking work, along with reforms in agriculture, peace and tranquility in the nation, the unity and cohesion of our people.

In the days of the former system, Kashkadarya Region was a backward province. People were dissatisfied with life, they were suppressed by injustice, they had lost all hope. In the region that supplied gas to the whole republic, only 4 percent of the local population had access to natural gas.

Today, Kashkadarya has evolved into a comprehensively developed region. About 11 percent of the industrial product of our country, as well as most of the grain and cotton is delivered from this very province.

The President of our country emphasized that immense construction and improvement works underway in Karshi and Shahrisabz is the answer to the question “Who were we yesterday, and who are we today?” This circumstance cardinally changes the face of the region, serves to further boost the welfare of the population.

At the initiative of the head of our state, the city of Karshi has been expanding in area. New bus stations and transportation hubs, contemporary apartment buildings, parks and alleys, public services facilities are being built and erected. Even more favorable conditions and opportunities for recreation of people are created.

In Shahrisabz also wide-ranging construction and improvement works are in progress. The square adjacent to the Oqsaroy complex has been extended, while a shaded walkway is being laid connecting the Chorsu market and historical monuments Kukgumbaz. In order to further enhance the tourism potential of the city, a 129-kilometer modern road is being laid leading to Karshi.

Kashkadarya is a land that nurtured the great Sahibkiran Amir Temur. It is home to the descendants of this outstanding personality – people with a sense of pride and dignity, steadfast and courageous, noble and generous in soul, Islam Karimov stressed.

Our President inquired into the working conditions and opportunities for labor and leisure created for farmers and their families. It was underscored that owing to the peace and tranquility prevalent in our country, the far-sighted and wise policy of successive reforms, the standards and quality of life of our people have been rising steadily.

The head of our state also focused on issues pertinent to achieving high productivity of cotton yields. Islam Karimov stressed the need to enhance the creation of high-yielding varieties that would suit the soil and climatic conditions of Kashkadarya.

A number of heads of farming enterprises of the region, chiefs of local branches of national foundations and trade unions, officials of local self-government bodies and others noted that the results of the wide-ranging reforms spearheaded under the leadership of the President of our country are manifest in every sphere, and the standards and quality of life of our compatriots have been rising, as has the international standing of Uzbekistan.

Islam Karimov also visited the fields of the Pudina Massivi farming enterprise in Kasan District.

In this farm, grain has been cultivated on more than 31 hectares of land, and 40 metric centners of yield has been harvested from each hectare.

From the first years of independence, we paid special attention to the development of farmers’ movement, and life itself has affirmed today how apt that decision was. Farmers have become a powerful force who serves to ensure abundance and improve the quality of life. However, it is impossible to achieve high welfare only by grain and cotton growing. It is necessary to endow more freedom to farmers to consistently develop diversified farms, the President of our country suggested.

Human beings are created for happiness. This idea has become a noble appeal to our people who are enquiring into meaning of life anew and changing their outlook. Btween the current generation and the people of the 1980s there is huge difference like between heaven and earth.

In the rating of countries with the fastest growing economies, published by the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, Uzbekistan is ranked fifth. These high successes, achieved thanks to the selfless efforts of our people and the consistent large-scale reforms, each of us can be proud of, and live with our heads held high, Islam Karimov said.

Meetings and discussions during President Islam Karimov’s visit to Kashkadarya Region, the thoughts and opinions expressed have once again demonstrated that wide-ranging reforms undertaken in the nation have been yielding good results, serving the development of the country and the steady growth in the prosperity of our people.

(Source: UzA)


2015 year – The Year of Care for the Senior Generation

On the right track to new achievements

The country has entered into the year 2015, proclaimed by the Uzbek leader as the Year of Care for the Older Generation. “When determining the name of each year, – points out President Islam Karimov in his address to the 22nd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, – we put high on the agenda the most topical and burning issues, as well as concrete noble tasks that are dictated by the times and the life. And these, undoubtedly, prove to be in tune with the expectations and aspirations of all our society”.

Thorough analysis and accurate assessment of the past and current transformations in the Republic of Uzbekistan make it possible to deduce that in determining the name of a year, which has already become a tradition, and in tackling strategic tasks of paramount importance, the country’s leaders have always proceeded and continue to proceed from the priority of observing the interests of society and the individual, its concrete member. In his works and addresses, President Islam Karimov frequently accentuates that “reforms in our country are carried out not for the sake of reforms, but in the interests of the man, first and foremost”. The name of 2015 and a whole spectrum of tasks to be solved this year are convincing testimony to such an approach. The entire state policy, including all the economic, social and other reforms, is aimed at ensuring the nation’s progressive economic development and the improvement of the living standards of its inhabitants. All these reforms have been launched not yesterday, but at the dawn of independence. It should be added at this point that it is a given well-considered and prescient policy, based on the domestically-created national model of economic growth, that has enabled the country to painlessly overcome lots of negative consequences of the recent global financial-economic crisis, whose “craters” are still smoking elsewhere.

No deed in the human life is, probably, more magnanimous than devoting attention to and taking care of the man. It is associated with the norms of morals and ethics, which, in turn, constitute the pillars, supporting the entire society and creating conditions for its development. Yan Amos Komensky, a famous Czech scientist and educational specialist, wrote: “What we mean by morals doesn’t include only outward proprieties, but the whole inner base of motives.” The ancient Greek philosopher, a person of encyclopedic learning and a founder of the science of logic, Aristhotel observed that “there is no other morality than that based on the principles of reason and arising from the man’s constitutional bias towards good.” Therefore, attention and care are categories peculiar to human beings only. There is one more interesting statement made by Michele de Montie, a French thinker of the Renaissance: ”In everything and everywhere my eyes are enough for me to do my duty properly, and there is no other pair of eyes in the world that would watch me just as intently.”

Attention and care are notions that are actually wider than just making way for elders, giving up one’s place to them, helping with a neighbor’s housework or visiting hospitals. All these are commonplace actions in our life. Today, it is not only the elderly that are taken care of, but also children, grandchildren and all those who surround us. But devoting attention to and taking care of a separate individual at a family level is one thing, and doing this on a country scale – quite another. From the point of view of their content, these actions are identical. Where they do differ is in the way of their realization. On a country scale, putting them into practice depends, above all, on the state and level of economic development: the stronger and more self-sufficient the national economy is, the bigger its productive forces and more civilized its market relationships are, the higher the number of possibilities for the state to devote attention to and take care of its people.

It should be observed that giving attention to and taking care of people, and in the first place, the older generation, are not a function or a task of any separate person or a special authority, a kind of bank that allots credits. Society at large participates in these activities, which represent certain social norms of interaction between people. The efficient functioning of such norms depends on a stable and self-sufficient economy, on its capacity to earmark the budgetary wherewithal toward the cost of social projects.

For the time being, Uzbekistan enjoys a self-sufficient economy. The years of independence have seen an almost fivefold increase in the national economy. The per-capita income has risen 8.7-fold during this period. The state debt to the population is zero. In the past decade, the annual GDP growth rates have never fallen below 8 per cent. In the nine months of 2014, this indicator has reached 8.1 per cent. It is necessary to emphasize in this connection that such an impressive rate of economic growth has been achieved amidst the ongoing global financial-economic crisis.

Historical evidence suggests that in countries whose tottering economies develop at a slow pace, such phenomena as unemployment and poverty thrive, and the living standards of their inhabitants are low. In such an unstable economic situation, nobody can talk seriously about devoting special attention to and taking care of the young or the elderly.

In Uzbekistan, the posture of affairs on this front is quite different. In the entire period of the nation’s development as a sovereign state, its population numbers increased considerably, to 31.5 million, with life expectancy surging from 67 in 1990 to 73.5 (for women – 75.8) these days. Levels of infant, child and maternity mortality appreciably dropped. All these accomplishments attest to the fact that the Uzbek leaders not only take measures to keep the national economy developing at a steady pace, but give special attention to the improvement of the living standards of all strata and sections of society, and particularly the older generation.

Corresponding statistics leave no doubt on that score. 11.6 trillion Soum and 105 billion Soum have been appropriated from the state budget last year toward the payment of pensions and allowances, respectively (Currency rates of CB RU from 06.07.2015   1$= 2555.60 soums ) At the present, the average pension accounts for 41 per cent of the average wage.

The 13th October Presidential Decree, “On measures to further strengthen the social support of veterans of war and labour front in 1941-1945” is another important contribution to the fulfillment of this year’s priority tasks. The document provides the veterans with an opportunity to undergo a series of treatments and health-improvement procedures at sanitary-prophylactic clinics at the state’s expense once a year at any convenient time. Moreover, different non-state, social and other organizations give material and moral help to this category of citizens, with the scale of such assistance growing from year to year.

As the holy scriptures go and the aged men grown wise with experience confirm, the God does not like lazybones, who never raise a finger for his own good or for the benefit of his family or society. And the following important conclusion inevitably comes to mind: created by people, the economy then serves them faithfully. And thus it is not only the state and corresponding authorities that should attend to the needs of the elderly. All citizens, each of us should take part in this noble job. If we live in peace and friendship and work hard augmenting the nation’s economic power, there will be more guarantees that nobody will ever be in a position to put the evil eye upon us.

(Source: «Business» newspaper)


Russian Classics in the Uzbek Language

New books in the Kamolot Library series have come off the press.

This time, readers are acquainted with translations of such masterpieces of Russian literature as Nikolai Gogol’s “Taras Bulba” and Mikhail Lermontov’s “Hero of Our Time”.

(Source: IA «Uzbekistan Today»)

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