July 11, 2014
At the Oqsaroy on July 10, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov received the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey Ahmet Davutoglu, who has been in our country on an official visit.
Greeting the guest, the leader of our country stressed that the meeting provided with a good opportunity to assess the current state of Uzbek-Turkish relations and exchange views on priority directions in the further consolidation of bilateral cooperation.
As it was underscored during the talks, Uzbekistan and Turkey have historically been tied by a cultural, linguistic and spiritual community as much as a joint experience of equal and mutually advantageous interaction in the trade-economic and other areas.
In his turn, Ahmet Davutoglu expressed sincere gratitude for a warm welcome and conveyed a deep respect to the President and the people of Uzbekistan on behalf of Turkey’s leadership. The Foreign Minister confirmed the aspiration of his country to uplift the bilateral bonds to a higher level that would be geared to the longer-term interests of our two nations.
Turkey is currently among the top five major foreign trade partners of Uzbekistan. The turnover between the two countries reached 1.347 billion US dollars in 2013, displaying a 10.5 percent growth from the previous year indicator. 485 enterprises with Turkish capital are operating in Uzbekistan at present. Four joint investment projects worth more than 23 million dollars are currently underway in the textile and pharmaceutical industries alone.
An important significance has been attached during the talks at the Oqsaroy to the expansion of contacts in the cultural-humanitarian sphere. The two sides confirmed the joint interest in the promotion of tourist exchange, the promising nature of which can be verified by the Turkish delegation during their forthcoming trip to Central Asia’s ancient cities of Samarkand and Bukhara.
A range of regional and international issues along with other topics of shared interest have been discussed at the meeting.
(Source: Press Service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan)
When evaluating a country’s pharmaceutical industry, availability of the production of substances, ingredients of medicines are paid attention, for it indicates how advanced the industry is. Uzbekistan produces substances for over 40 medicines and their range for domestic and foreign markets is going to widen.
Uzbekistan’s population knows very well the antiarrhythmic allapininum, antiviral celagripum, immunostimulating immunomoduline, and styptic lagoden. These medicines, made from local materials, were developed by Uzbek scientists. The range of local medical products is going to expand soon: so far dozens of new products are on the pending list. Scientific institutions of Uzbekistan have developed their own technologies for manufacturing 40 drug substances and ready-to-use medicines in 27 pharmacotherapy groups.
Scientists of the Uzbek Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Tashkent Research Institute of Vaccines and Sera, the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, the Institute of Polymer Chemistry and Physics, the Institute of Chemistry of Vegetable Substance, ‘Oriental Medicine’ Research Institute and Tashkent Pharmaceutical Institute work actively and efficiently on new substances and medicines. Experts of other research institutions and companies, too, contribute to this process.
Samarqand Research Institute ‘Oriental Medicine’ makes new medicines from local materials. The technologies the institute uses are based on the principles of traditional medicine along with contemporary pharmacology. The institute has its own pilot plantations of medicinal plants, chamomile, calendula, brier, motherwort, tutsan and others.
Experts of the Uzbek Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research Institute make medical products and substances from synthetic, herbal and mineral materials.
Tashkent Research Institute of Vaccines and Sera, Uzbekistan’s oldest research institute, greatly contributes to the development of preventive medicine in the country. Its experts develop brand new diagnostic and preventive medicaments.
Uzbek research institutes not only develop new formulae but also produce new substances. For instance, Institute of Chemistry of Vegetable Substance has its own pilot factory capable of processing 100 tons of herbal materials a year and facilities for production of substances in the Institute of Polymer Chemistry and Physics and other research institutes.
Medical substances developed by Uzbek scientists are highly demanded in both Uzbekistan and abroad – by foreign pharmaceutical companies. The Institute of Chemistry of Vegetable Substance, for instance, supplies substances for the production of antiarrhythmic Allapinin to Russian manufacturers. Its exports of the extract increased from 120 kilograms in 2007 to 700 kilograms in 2013.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
On 10 July, Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade of Uzbekistan Elyor Ganiev held a meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey Ahmet Davutoğlu.
During the negotiations were discussed the prospects of the further expansion of mutually beneficial economic and trade cooperation between the two countries.
The basis of the legal framework of trade and economic cooperation between Uzbekistan and Turkey consist of the following Intergovernmental agreements: on the promotion and protection of investments (28 April 1992), for the avoidance of double taxation (8 May 1996), on trade and economic cooperation (13 April 1998), etc.
In bilateral trade relations was established the most favored nation treatment. In 2013, the volume of bilateral trade turnover amounted to $1.347 billion, including exports – US$896.8 million and import – US$450.1 million.
Over 485 enterprises with the participation of Turkish investments operate in Uzbekistan and representative offices of 56 Turkish companies accredited in the country.
Independent examination of goods by quantity and quality is carried out to certify or to determine the correspondence of goods to contractual terms, commodity accompanying documents and the requirements of regulatory-legal documents of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the quantity, quality, assortment and completeness of sets of goods conveyed by all means of transport.
Independent examination is performed by expert bodies that specialize in examining goods in keeping with contractual terms between the examination’s customer and the supplier (commodity manufacturer or buyer), regulatory-legal documents of the Republic of Uzbekistan and generally recognized international norms that regulate the acceptance of goods by quantity and quality.
Independent examination of goods by quantity and quality is carried out following an appropriate application submitted by interested parties.
To perform such examination, the following things are required: commercial, commodity accompanying and normative-technical documentation and, in case of need, a standard specimen and (or) a sample of commodity. To specify some questions falling within its purview, an expert body has the right to ask the customer for additional documentation on the commodity examined.
The reasons, for which independent examination of goods by quantity and quality is performed, include:
The absence of a representative from the customer (commodity manufacturer, vendor or buyer) at the commodity acceptance site, as well as in cases where he fails to appear at the recipient’s request, in order to take part in the acceptance of a consignment of goods;
The loss of the commodity’s initial quality in the course of transportation, disaster or breakdown of means of transport;
In the presence of disagreement between the recipient and the supplier in regard to quantity, quality or assortment of goods;
On the instructions of law-protection authorities;
The contract contains a provision, according to which the performance of independent examination is obligatory.
Independent examination may pursue the following objectives:
To determine the sort, kind, article, grade, quantity, quality and completeness of sets of goods, stock-in-trade and equipment, package and packing material, as well as the correspondence of their quality and marking to standards, technical and contractual terms and approved specimens;
To determine the availability of production marking and trademark;
To determine the reasons behind the deterioration of the commodity’s initial quality;
To determine the net weight of goods, package, packing material and other unsold components;
To determine the availability of defects in goods, package, packing material etc.
After an appropriate application is received, independent examination should begin on the date specified by the customer, but no later than the date fixed in the delivery’s special terms and conditions, which should not exceed 24 hours – for perishables, and 72 hours – for all other product categories and 5 days (depending on the distance) for customers from other towns, starting from the date of the application’s receipt.
If an expert body refuses to carry out independent examination, it should provide the customer with a substantiated reason for refusal within 3 days and at the very moment of the application’s receipt – in cases where perishables are concerned.
The examination’s customer is obliged to provide premises for an expert to carry out the examination procedure, as well as manpower, implements, commodity-accompanying transport documentation and statements of placing where necessary.
The expert subjects to examination only those goods and only that quantity, which are indicated in application presented by the examination’s customer. In cases where a statement of disagreement is available, only that part of goods is subject to examination, in whose regard the sides are at variance.
To determine the quantity and quality of goods, the expert may apply the following methods of examination:
A complete calculation – when an entire batch presented by the customer is examined;
A spot check – when a certain part of goods is examined, with the results of examination being extended to the entire batch of goods, if this is stipulated by GOSTs, Specifications, special terms of delivery, a contract or agreement.
In cases where the terms of an agreement (contract) and (or) requirements of regulatory-technical documentation regulate the quality of goods by physical-chemical, physical-mechanical, medical-biological or other indicators, which can be determined only in laboratories, laboratory trials are carried out.
The specimens (samples) of goods needed for laboratory trials are taken by an authorized person, with a statement of sample selection being drawn up without fail. The volume of selection (the quantity of specimens, mass or measure of samples) as well as the methods of their packaging and storage should meet the requirements specified in regulatory-technical documentation.
The selected specimens (samples) are marked, with the indication of the name of commodity, date of specimen (sample) selection, No of batch and other details, thus demonstrating the belonging of selected specimens (samples) to the batch of goods presented for independent examination. The selected specimen (sample) should be sealed.
The expert (specialist) draws up a statement of examination on the basis of a trial record, which constitutes an integral part of the statement of examination.
If the expert (specialist) needs to make use of measuring devices and instruments (such as scales, tape-line, slide gauge etc.), he should make sure that all of them are in good working order and the stamp’s term of validity is not overdue. This information should be indicated in the statement of examination.
The customer’s competent persons responsible for commodity acceptance take part in independent examination and sign the resulting statement of examination.
It is necessary to observe that if in a batch of goods presented for examination some of packages have a damaged packing, which makes the goods accessible, or are unpacked, the expert may indicate their quantity in the statement of examination immediately after the goods with undamaged packing are examined.
It should be taken into consideration that the number of packages is determined by the expert by means of entire calculation. In cases where their packing is damaged, these packages are weighed, in order to determine their actual weight.
The number of damaged packages and the number of articles therein are determined only when the goods are unloaded from means of transport or when they are transferred from a transport organization to a consignee (recipient of goods).
The number of goods in unsealed containers or in containers with damaged seals is checked by the expert, only if a commercial statement is available and only in the presence of a railway company’s representative.
The intra-packing check-up of the quantity of goods is performed by means of entire calculation after their packing is completely removed. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the packing of packages should be undamaged. The approximate calculation of the quantity of articles is not allowed.
The check-up of goods presented to the expert in open railroad freight cars and containers is carried out in keeping with effective rules and instructions.
As a rule, the quantity of goods is examined without stopping the check-up. If the expert (specialist) is compelled to stop examining the quantity of goods delivered in packages, the consignee is obliged to take measures to ensure their safe storage during a break in examination. Both the beginning and end of such a break, as well as the reason that has caused the interruption of examination, are recorded by the expert (specialist).
The results of examination are reflected in a statement of examination on the basis of data recorded by the expert (specialist) in the course of examination.
A separate statement of examination is drawn up for each dispatched batch of goods. The inclusion in one statement of goods delivered under different contracts, from different suppliers is not allowed.
(Source: “Business Partner.uz” newspaper)