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December 5, 2014


December 5, 2014

economy.. 2

Enterprises of Uzpharmsanoat Produce Goods for 368.8bn soums. 2

health care.. 2

Surgeries with a Touch of Da Vinci Genius. 2


Yunus Rajabiy: The Glorious Path of Musician. 3





Enterprises of Uzpharmsanoat Produce Goods for 368.8bn soums

Enterprises of Uzpharmsanoat (Uzbek Pharmaceutical Industry) produced goods for 368.8 billion soums in nine months of 2014, which rose by 23.1% year-on-year(currency rates of CB RU from 5.12.2014   1$= 2405.41 soums).

According to Uzpharmsanoat, the enterprise produced medical products for 266.1 billion soums (+18.7%), products for medical purpose – 35.5 billion soums, auxiliary materials – 57.7 billion (+71.9%) and other goods – 9.3 billion soums (+97.7%).

In the reporting period, the industry produced consumer goods for 359.4 billion soums (+20.9%).

The company said that the enterprises of the industry produced 522.6 million units of products (+25.4%).

The industry decreased prime cost by 11.5% in nine months of 2014, which helped to save resources for 23.5 billion soums.

Uzpharmsanoat exported products for US$7.214 million in nine months of 2014.

Within investment programme, the company realized 54 investment projects. The industry used investments US$50.3 million (+8.6%).


health care

Surgeries with a Touch of Da Vinci Genius

Uzbek doctors will welcome the country’s first Da Vinci robotically-assisted surgical equipment. An Uzbekistan Today correspondent has spoken to Shavkat Salimov, the Director of the National Research and Practical Center for Children’s Minimally Invasive and Endovisual Surgery and the chief children’s doctor of the Ministry of Health.

– Mr. Salimov, doctors at regional children’s multi-field healthcare centers have been learning to operate endovisual equipment as of late. What does that mean in plain terms?

– As you know, children’s hospitals across the country are being reconstructed under the State Investment Program. The Ministry of Health and Germany’s KfW Bank has joined forces to provide these healthcare institutions with state-of-the-art equipment. Surgery departments will also be supplied with equipment. Very soon, the National Specialized Research and Practical Medical Center for Pediatrics and all regional multi-field children’s medical centers will receive endovisual equipment for surgeries on thoracic and abdominal organs. This is the first time children’s health services are receiving this amount of modern technologies. And naturally enough, we must be prepared to operate it and we are training our doctors.

We could speak for hours about the advantages of endovisual equipment. But it would be better to illustrate it with examples. So, when a child arrives with signs of appendicitis, the doctor puts him under observation because it has often happened that a healthy appendicitis has been removed. And that, as we know, is an important organ for the immune system. With endovisual equipment at doctors’ disposal, things would be a lot easier. So, the instant a child arrives at a hospital, a doctor will just put him on a surgery table and, using a laparascope and making a small incision in soft tissue, he or she may determine whether a surgery is needed. And by the way, the doctor may remove the appendicitis using that same small incision. But most importantly, in most cases, a child who has undergone a procedure involving endovisual equipment will not need lengthy rehabilitation. In fact, in a few hours he will be back on his feet.

– As we know, your center is also among the recipients of brand new equipment. What opportunities will this equipment provide?

– The first batch of equipment we have received is intended for intensive-care wards. It is computer-controlled, which considerably boosts the doctors’ capabilities. Brand new anesthetic and respiratory equipment has been delivered, and it should enable us to treat infants. In the near future, we are expecting to receive a surgical endovisual stand. It would help make more accurate images of the operable area on the body, enlarge operable organs multiple times and carry out very surgical interference with finesse.

Presently, the center conducts a broad range of endovisual surgeries. Our team prides itself on its experience in surgical treatment of parasitic diseases such as echinococcus with the help of endovisual equipment. And we share this remarkable experience with international colleagues. Using the new equipment, we hope to learn to use new techniques, including endovisual surgery on newborn babies. We are raring to go!

– What are the prospects in the development of children’s surgery in Uzbekistan?

– Last year, construction of a children’s clinic was launched in Tashkent in collaboration with South Korean partners. The clinic will provide fourth-generation medical services. The most exciting part of the news is that the Center will welcome Uzbekistan’s first Da Vinci robotically assisted equipment. This state-of-the-art system will allow us to conduct a wide spectrum of surgeries with very high precision. The center will also include modern diagnostics equipment, which would help detect even minor formations. This equipment includes a last-generation positron emission scanner. All this will help secure another breakthrough in the treatment of a wide spectrum of children’s diseases and make medical procedures more effective.

(Implemented as part of the order of the Public Fund for the Support of NGOs and Other Civil Society Institutions)

(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)


Yunus Rajabiy: The Glorious Path of Musician

Everybody in Uzbekistan knows the name of academician Yunus Rajabiy – the great musician and connoisseur of the Uzbek folk music and makoms, the composer and singer.

Yunus Rajabiy was born in the Tashkent mahalla (neighbourhood) Chakar in 1897. He was the sixteenth child in the family. His father, Rajab-ota, was a gardener. Before Yunus was born, the family had already lost ten children. Rajab-ota and his wife Oisha-bibi worshiped their youngest. The parents were well-educated people: Oisha-bibi recited surahs of the Koran, and Rajab-ota was an ardent music lover. The boy grew in an atmosphere of love and respect for poetry and music. Every evening Rajab-ota took his little son to a famous Chakar teahouse, which was the assembly point of singers and musicians. Mirza Kosim khafiz (singer) from Andijan was one of them. He was a well-known master performer and tanbur (string instrument) player. It was he who taught little Yunus to play tanbur and dutar (two-stringed instrument). With a sinking heart, the boy listened to the teahouse visitors playing musical instruments and singing. Yunus could immediately memorize and pick out on the musical instruments any tune that he had heard.

At the age of 12, Yunus ventured to make his debut before khafizes. When the young musician began to play his tanbur, everybody became silent. The boy’s virtuosic performance fascinated the teahouse guests. They immediately let Yunus in their musical community. That was the first step on musician’s thorny but glorious path.

The Turkistan People’s Conservatory was established in Tashkent in 1919. By that time Yunus was already a mature musician and singer. Nevertheless, he was determined to get professional education. For four years he perfected his skill in the dutar and nai (flute) playing; he studied Shashmakom hard. On graduating from the Conservatory in 1924, Yunus was assigned to Samarkand. Here, he met many famous and popular khafizes who became his teachers. From the first years of his musical career, Rajabiy began to collect classical songs throughout Uzbekistan. In order to set dozens of oral versions of makoms to music, he visited Bukhara and Khorezm off and on. It should be mentioned that before Rajabiy, makoms used to be handed on from one generation to another in the oral way only – from ustoz (master) to apprentice, from musician to musician. Putting of makoms – the ancient court songs with strictly set traditions – to music became his life’s work. It is difficult to overestimate Rajabiy’s contribution to musical notation of monumental Shashmakom. The composition consisted of six Bukhara makoms, which were passed on from one generation to another for centuries. It was at this time that the musician’s phenomenal     memory, perfect ear and, of course, classical musical education helped him a lot. There was no musical notation in Uzbekistan before the 20th century. Yunus Rajabiy put to music everything he heard from famous performers. Five volumes of Uzbek Folk Music and six volumes of Shashmakom include musical interpretations of more than one and a half thousand of folk songs and melodies. The musician’s titanic efforts made it possible to preserve the spiritual heritage of the Uzbek people.

In 1959, the makom ensemble was founded by the Uzbek Radio and TV Company, and Yunus Rajabiy headed the group. He was lucky to have good teachers, and he was the same lucky with his pupils. That was a real pleiad of extremely talented singers and musicians utterly devoted to their cause. Rajabiy and his ensemble managed to record the choral version of maqoms.

Yunus Rajabiy was an incredibly witty and merry man. There is one of the funniest episodes in his life. A concert had to be live broadcasted, and Rajabiy’s teacher Mullah Tuychi Toshmukhammedov was to sing a song at some stage. But he was late and Yunus brilliantly   imitated the voice of his teacher. The phenomenal musical talent of Rajabiy enabled him to perform the Karo kuzim song so indistinguishably that Toshmukhammedov could hardly believe that it was not his own voice. In the middle of the song, during the instrumental break, Mullah Tuychi entered the studio and finished the song. Nobody even noticed that the song was performed by two people.

In 1997, the museum of Yunus Rajabiy was opened in Tashkent to commemorate the centennial birthday of the great musician. Experts regard the place as one of the best memorial museums of the capital city. Yunus Rajabiy would be happy to learn that his son Khasan, grandson Aziz and great grandson Yunus “have his mantle fall upon them”. By the way, Yunus the junior was born in 1997, exactly one century after his great ancestor. Young Yunus Rajabiy’s early training and natural ability predisposed him to musicianship as a profession. He is a virtuosic cellist. All three of the Rajabiys are frequent guests at music symposia and folk music festivals. They win the audience by their fantastic playing the tanbur, dutar and nai, as did Yunus Rajabiy himself.

(Source: “Uzbekistan airways” magazine)

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