Uzbekistan during the third quarter of 2014 attracted 29 grants totaling $68.2 million. This was reported by the press service of the Ministry of Finance of Uzbekistan.
In particular, in the field of education (skills development, education, training, purchase of computer equipment and software development) involved 8 grants totaling $52.2 million.
In the health sector of Uzbekistan were drawn five grants totaling $7.7 million.
Social protection of the population was drawn 4 grants for $1.9 million.
On the material and technical equipment and institutional development of public services have been drawn 2 grants worth $4.5 million.
Two grants totaling $1.4 million have been involved in projects in the field of ecology. Uzbekistan has also attracted 8 grants totaling $0.5 million in other directions.
Recall that Uzbekistan in the second quarter in 2014 attracted 36 grants totaling $42.7 million.
The Government of Uzbekistan issued a resolution “On forecast parameters of production and use of vegetables and fruits products, potatoes, melons and grape for 2015” on 4 December 2014.
The document approved forecast parameters of production and use of vegetables and fruits products, potatoes, melons and grape for 2015.
According to the resolution, Uzbekistan plans to manufacture 9.536 million tonnes of vegetables and 2.606 million tonnes of potatoes, as well as 1.2 million tonnes of onions.
In line with the forecast of the government, the farmers will produce 1.77 million tonnes of melons, 2.703 million tonnes of fruits and 1.526 million tonnes of grapes.
The resolution said that about 7.534 million tonnes of vegetables will be directed to satisfy demand of population and 1.528 million tonnes – to industrial processing, while 177,200 tonnes will be used as seeds. The exports of vegetables will make up 296,100 tonnes.
Over 2.242 million tonnes of potatoes will be delivered to population and 363,800 will be used as seeds in 2015.
Main part of melons (1.625 million tonnes) will be used to satisfy demands of population. About 80,000 tonnes of melons will be exported and 2,400 tonnes will be processed. Some 62,300 will be used as seeds.
Next year, the population will receive 2.018 million tonnes of fruits and 1,033 million tonnes of grapes. The exports of fruits will make up 115,000 tonnes and grapes – 120,000 tonnes.
About 570,400 tonnes of fruits and 383,200 tonnes of grapes will be processed at industrial enterprises of Uzbekistan next year, the document said.
The art of circus has ancient traditions in Uzbekistan. Since long, the national circus performers have inspired the Uzbek nation with romance, faith in human capabilities and cultivated the joy of life. The open-air circus shows have become an integral part of life in every corner of Uzbekistan, and that is why they have been vividly depicted in old postcards. Postcards, which became current in our region at the close of the 19th century, were considered by publishers as a kind of “visiting card” of our parts. They had to reliably tell about typical customs of the nations inhabiting this land. And so today, the age-old illustrated postcards present to us rare photographs of shows performed by the Uzbek circus artistes.
A postcard produced by the Tashkent publisher Bek-Nazarov transports us to the Old City mahalla Degrez. Here, in front of the crowd, kurash wrestlers used to hold their regular exhibition contests. This type of the national wrestling was extremely popular in Uzbekistan, and no circus show could do without it. Very often, the wrestlers appeared in front of the audience as strongmen-palvans.
The show of rope-walkers (darvazes) was another popular kind of the national circus entertainments. From time to time, the Tashkenters could watch special poles with ropes at a great height being mounting in the natural hollow of the Degrez mahalla. Having checked all the assembly fixtures (no safety equipment was used), performers began to show their acrobatic feats to the spectators. That very moment was depicted in one of the postcards of the early 20th century, which was produced by the same Bek-Nazarov. We see that many spectators watch the show from horseback, like modern Americans who watch action movies from their cars in special drive-in cinemas. Travelling companies of rope-walkers used to perform throughout the country at that time. There are old photographs of rope-dancers performing at tamashas (street festivities) in the khanates of Bukhara and Khiva. National rope-walkers were popular with the European community of Turkestan too. A postcard published by Suvorin and Co. Partnership attests to the fact, since it reproduces a 1915 photograph from the uraza holiday in the New City of Tashkent.
If poles and ropes could not be mounted for some reasons, acrobats on stilts shared their mastery with the audience. This episode is shown in the postcard produced by the Kokand photographer and publisher E.Wilde.
The programs of rope-walkers, strongmen-palvans and wrestlers were usually preceded by jokes and shouts of clowns-maskarabozes. To the accompaniment of a small national orchestra, with a loud trampet-karnay as a must-be element, they cracked jokes calling people for the performance. Therefore, clownery played a significant part in the national circus even at that time. Maskarabozes acted like modern circus clowns who appear in the circus ring during the intervals between the items of the main program.
Old Turkestan postcards sometimes depict representatives of more uncommon circus genres. The Andijan postcard producer G.I.Sakharov published a beautiful picture of a travelling circus actor with performing bear (1910). He called the photograph Two Veterans. The postcard, with the photo taken at the Reghistan Square at the end of the 19th century, has gone through many editions. At that time, there was located the central market place of Samarkand. A street magician and his props occupied a place by the wall of a now world-famous madrasah, and gapers stood watching his performance. Another picture, this time from Tashkent, shows us an amazing four-horned goat and its young trainer. Probably, the young man acted as a maskaraboz during performances in the Degrez mahalla.
In the 1920s, the Degrez mahalla was provided with a special place for entertainments. The open-air circus was regarded as important national tradition. Later on, the shows performed by the national actors were moved to the Ypatov circus. It was located close to the Voskresensky bazaar (now the place is occupied by the State Museum of History of Uzbekistan). In 1966, the old home of the Tashkent circus was unfortunately destroyed by the earthquake, and its new building was constructed on the site where the actors of the Uzbek national circus had shown their programs since long – in the former Degrez mahalla, near the Khodra Square.
(Source: “Uzbekistan airways” magazine)
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