Enterprises of Uzbekcharmpoyabzali (Uzbek Leather Footwear) produced industrial goods for 193.7 billion soums (currency rates of CB RU from 18.05.2016, 1$= 2914.10 soums) in the first quarter of 2016, which rose by 17.1% year-on-year.
According to the Association, the enterprise of the industry increased production of consumer goods by 0.4% to 29 billion soums.
In the reporting period, the industry produced 103.6 million decemeters of leather products (+1.5%) and 1.07 million pairs of footwear (+5%), as well as leather goods for 391.1 million soums (+5%).
In the reporting period, the industry started to produce new 70 types of leather products and 300 new models of footwear, the Association said.
Within the localization programme, the enterprise manufactured goods for 0.75 billion soums. The volume of exports made up US$22.4 million in January-March. Goods were exported to Italy, Korea, China, Pakistan, India, CIS states and others.
Enterprises of Uzbekcharmpoyabzali used investments for US$5.2 million in the first quarter of 2016.
The issues of modernization of Navoi Mining and Metallurgical combine (NMMC) were on the focus of attention of participants of the press conference held in the capital. Specialists of the plant told about the expansion, reconstruction, technical re-equipment of existing mining and hydrometallurgical systems and social structures.
Each year of independence is marked in the history of the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine with labor feats and achievements, original and operational solutions of problems. The most unique are such projects as the construction in a record time of two hydrometallurgical plants – HMP-3 and HMP-4, Kyzylkum phosphorite complex, unique steeply inclined conveyor KNK-270 at quarry “Muruntau”, implementation of “БИОКС” gold recovery technology and others.
As was noted at the event, in the framework of the Investment program, it is planned to implement 20 projects at the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine with a forecast utilization of $182.42 million. Seven of them are aimed at new construction, while 13 on modernization and reconstruction. All investment projects have commissioning schemes approved and are implemented at the expense of own funds of the plant.
The social structure of NMMC unites 5 cities (Navoi, Uchkuduk, Zarafshan, Nurabad, Marjonbuloq) and 2 settlements (Zafarobod, Zarmitan), linked with each other through railways and highways, power lines, included in the unified energy system of the Republic, which have autonomous life support systems, including centralized heat and water supply, modern housing, objects of social sphere. About 350 thousand people live and are employed in these locations, and their welfare in one way or another is connected with the activity of NMMC. In total, the Combine has about 60 thousand people engaged.
The housing problem is being solved gradually. Since 1991, 36 houses have been built in Zarafshan, 12 apartment buildings in Uchquduk, 10 comfortable cottages and a youth hostel in Zafarabad, 8 new multi-storey buildings and 4 hostels in Zarkent. On the eve of the 25th anniversary of independence, it is planned to put into operation residential houses in Zarkent.
Today the plant within its structure has 5 stadiums, 5 swimming pools, over 80 sports halls and grounds.
Ten children’s health camps of the plant each year are recognized as the best in the country. Another children’s sports camp “Pahlavon” (“Olympian”) on the shore of Charvak water reservoir have been built over the years of independence. Every summer, recreation camps of NMMC attract tens of thousands of children, including inmates of orphanages “Mehribonlik” and “Shodlik”.
Joint Uzbek-German company Man Auto-Uzbekistan has launched production of a new type of vehicle –concrete mixer MAN TGS 41.400
Today, the automotive industry of Uzbekistan can be regarded as the locomotive of the entire domestic industry, for giving new impetus to the development of related industries and sustainable scale-up of employment. The branch is represented by a range of enterprises and organizations, which employ more than 27,000 people. It ranks not just among major suppliers of finished products for export, but also leads in the development of new technologies and bringing modern products to the markets. The new mixer truck ranks among the innovations and meets international standards.
The vehicle is designed to deliver ready-mixed concrete to customers, preserving its properties during transportation, and discharge on the construction site or other concrete transportation vehicles.
Preservation and homogeneity of the concrete mix during transportation is provided by rotation of the drum. The drum is equipped with spiral blades inside. When rotating in one direction, the blades drive the mix deeper into the drum. The mechanism ‘Archimedes’ screw’ rotates in the other direction, discharging the mixture.
The car is equipped with a powerful and efficient engine MAN D20 with modern fuel supply system Common Rail, 16-speed manual transmission, enhanced spring rigging, drum brakes with ABS, electronic control systems and a comfortable cabin.
The joint venture Man Auto-Uzbekistan was founded in 2009. The Uzbek side owns 51%, Germany – 49%. The design capacity is 5,000 trucks per year. The company produces trucks, dump trucks, vans of TGA and CLA modifications with full weight from 15 to 41 tons.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)
Radiation Security Center will be created under the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Uzbekistan.
According to the governmental resolution, Institute of Nuclear Physics of Uzbekistan Science Academy will be abolished.
Radiation Security Center will cooperate with the IAEA on the decommissioning of nuclear reactors of the Nuclear Physics Institute in accordance with international safety standards.
The Center will also ensure storage, utilization and liquidation of storage of radioactive materials in the territory of Uzbekistan.
New center will execute works, related to ensuring nuclear and radiation security in Uzbekistan. It will conduct examination of sources of ionizing radiation, used in the country, their maintenance and disposal.
Progress is an onward march, an improvement in the process of development. It is thanks to progress that mankind evolved from the primitive state to civilized society. Caves and huts gave way to skyscrapers, in the same way as stone tools – to modern machinery and equipment. Progress is in opposition to regress, which implies stagnation and recession. And the last but not least, progress is a road to the future, which is better than the past and the present alike.
Progress is characteristic of all industries, spheres of life and kinds of human activity. Progress is based on science, scientific research, inventions and discoveries, which lead to the creation of new implements of production and subjects of labour. A given direction is called the scientific-technical progress. These days, the fate of one or another economic system completely depends on how quickly its achievements are introduced in practical activity. Much also depends on whether the achievements of scientific-technical progress are used evolutionary or revolutionary. The evolutionary form of scientific-technical progress suggests the improvement of equipment and technological processes based on similar scientific-technical principles, including their distribution in production. As concerns the revolutionary form of scientific-technical progress, it means the transition to the application in production of qualitatively novel scientific-technical principles. For instance, the mechanical metal-working by means of cutting is pushed aside by such modern state-of-the-art methods as precise casting, pressure, powder, plasma and laser technologies. Other examples of the revolutionary form of scientific-technical progress include the transition from the Martin process of steel smelting to the convertor one; the use of atomic energy, production of artificial diamonds and the like. Such technical changes require the cardinal replacement of materials and production personnel, as well as the transition to new technologies and forms of production arrangement.
Under the influence of discoveries and accomplishments achieved in various industries and sectors, the main content of scientific-technical progress was interpreted differently. It was identified with the beginning of an atomic century, a century of computer and information science, an age of chemistry, biology and bio-technology, an electronic and space exploration age etc. All of these definitions correctly reflected the vital characteristics of scientific-technical progress, but each of them was one-sided and sometimes even limited. The decisive peculiarity of scientific-technical progress lies in its universality. To be more precise, it is necessary to mention here such features of scientific-technical progress as its systemic character and complexity, manifesting themselves in the fact that they change the entire process of production of one or another commodity – from the start up to the completion, embracing a range of auxiliary operations too. Moreover, scientific-technical progress influences man as a major productive force of society.
Historical experience testifies to the fact that thanks to scientific-technical progress, England, France, the US, Germany and some other western nations became highly industrialized countries, taking a leading position not only in the field of engineering and technology, but also in the economic domain. China and Japan reached an astounding economic power in the same way. The same path has been followed by South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan, which are known in the world as the “Asian dragons”.
The Republic of Uzbekistan doesn’t stand off the global trend. President Karimov stressed in his works: “We don’t exclude the possibility of adopting the positive experience amassed by other states in the course of their development, provided it is applicable to the Republic’s conditions. Our fundamental position is the selection of our own road of socio-economic development, while drawing the most useful things from the bottomless well of world experience and national practices”.
The road chosen by Uzbekistan is aimed not only at building a socially-oriented market economy, but also at creating the living standards that the Uzbek citizens really deserve, reviving national customs, traditions and culture and ensuring the spiritual-moral development of man as a personality. The Republic of Uzbekistan has been proceeding along this path for 25 years already. The number of remarkable achievements notched up by the country over the indicated period has already exceeded the number of successes scored during its membership of the former Soviet Union. In the past 15 years, the rates of economic growth in Uzbekistan never fell below 8 per cent. By the results of economic development in 2014-2015 and growth forecasts for 2016-2017, the World Economic Forum has rated the Republic one of the top 5 nations with the fastest developing economy.
Naturally, such an enviable accomplishment emerged neither immediately nor in itself. The creation of an innovative, self-sufficient and competitive economy was initially used as a foundation-stone of the national economic policy, where the stake was made on the maximum and efficient exploitation of the achievements of science and engineering, deideologization of economy, solidification of private-property status and the development of a non-state sector. The broad application of achievements of scientific-technical progress, combined with a scrupulously verified economic course, allowed the country to eliminate the former one-sided raw-material orientation of its economy, to reach the grain and fuel independence, to improve the distribution and exploitation of available productive forces, to carry out structural changes and to create new industries and production facilities.
Simultaneously, some traditional old schemes and mechanisms in the economy that failed to prove their value were broken down and removed. Many elements were renovated. The dynamism of public production and its output tended to go up. In the current year, the manufacturing industry’s share of GDP is expected to come to 40 per cent, up from 33.5 per cent in 2015, with the share of agriculture reducing from 16.6 per cent to 8-10 per cent. Emphasis is laid on the creation of industries and sectors that ensure scientific-technical progress and higher growth rates in the national economy. Economic progress and improvement of the people’s wellbeing are to be fuelled by the industrialization of farming, the efficient exploitation of soil and water resources and a further development of small business and private entrepreneurship.
A lot of structural changes and a new program-based approach to the development of manufacturing stipulate that extracting and processing industries should be brought into proper correlation, to ensure the thorough processing of raw materials and production, on their basis, of larger volumes of quality finished goods. It is considered to be expedient for those domestic enterprises, which enjoy all required production conditions, to introduce 3-4-stage cycles of raw-stuff processing according to the following scheme: basic raw materials – primary processing of raw materials for industrial production purposes – finished goods ready for consumption. The country’s economic development strategy assigns a special part to an increase in the manufacturing industry’s share of total exports volumes.
All sectors of the national economy stick to a single invariable rule – the cost-effective use of resources, which becomes possible by inculcating up-to-date resource-economy technologies in production. The year 2016 is expected to see a two-fold reduction in power intensity of GDP thanks to the wide application of such technologies. What’s more, there are plans to swell production volumes of industrial output with high value added, to reduce production costs as well as to ensure the prompt recoupment of production expenditure.
It is necessary to accentuate the fact that it is not only the manufacturing industry and its basic sectors that are evolving at a fast clip. The services industry is developing dynamically too. Last year, the sector accounted for more than a half of GDP growth. For the time being, its share of the nation’s GDP approximates 55 per cent, compared with 49 per cent in 2010. More than half the population employed in the economy now work in the services sector, whose growth rates tend to increase year in, year out.
In all successes already scored by the Republic of Uzbekistan and future achievements to be yet notched up, a special part is played by the investment policy pursued by the Uzbek leaders, including its vital component – the National Investment Policy, which is worked out by the country’s government. The point is, investments represent a resource “engine” of economy and scientific-technical progress that catapults the Republic to a qualitatively new stage of development. Last year, to cite an example, the equivalent of US $15.8 billion worth of capital invested from all sources of financing has been implemented in the national economy. To compare, in the current year Uzbekistan plans to implement the equivalent of US $17.3 billion, of which foreign investments account for over US $4 billion. As many as 164 big investment projects, whose total cost is in excess of US $5 billion, will be realized in 2016. These encompass such projects as the construction of 13,000 dwelling houses in the countryside, with the total square exceeding 1.8 million sq. m.; the laying of some 900 kilometers of water, gas and electricity supply networks; the building of more than 500 kilometers of motor roads and the creation of about 990,000 new jobs.
Together with scientific-technical progress and the structural and investment policy, another factor regulating the development of public production and economic growth rates is law. It streamlines and organizes economic activities of all market participants. The classics of economic theory pointed out, in particular, that “regularity and order should constitute an indispensable feature of any mode of production, if the latter has to acquire the social stability and independence of a simple accident or arbitrary rule”.
Law, as any other element of social order, can be in time for changes that are already ripe in the economy or lag behind them. Correspondingly, law can accelerate or slacken the pace of economic progress. All depends on whether law, policy and democratic principles really get the upper hand.
The successes achieved by the Republic of Uzbekistan are indisputable, in the same way as its sovereignty and independence. In today’s environment, it is important, according to President Karimov, not to rest on the laurels, no matter however deserved they are. The country should move forward and augment the scope of its accomplishments. This will not only speed up the pace of Uzbekistan’s economic growth, but permits the country to join the club of developed and highly industrialized states of the world.
(Source: «Business partner.uz» newspaper)
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